The 4 phases of alcoholism treatment

Alcoholism is one of the most common addiction disorders and is currently a major public health problem in most countries, killing more than 3 million people worldwide each year.

As with any addictive behavior disorder, alcoholism has a destructive effect on the sufferer as well as on their immediate social, professional and family environment. In addition to this, this disease leads to significant health issues both physically and emotionally which lead the person to a vicious cycle of consumption and discomfort.

We offer health professionals specializing in drug addiction disorders comprehensive and comprehensive care for alcoholism based on 4 well-differentiated phases, essential to the final success of the process.

    What are the stages of treatment for alcohol dependence?

    Here we will briefly explain the features and functions of the 4 phases of alcohol dependence treatment.

    1. Detoxification

    The first phase of alcoholism treatment is drug addiction treatment, which is carried out by a team of healthcare professionals usually headed by a specialist psychiatrist, a professional who often works in conjunction with a psychologist or psychiatrist who is an addiction therapist.

    The detoxification phase consists of an assessment of the patient’s condition, the establishment of a diagnosis and the application of treatment. focused on supporting the person as their body clears the drug, and adapted to the needs and situation of the person with alcohol addiction disorder

    During the detoxification phase, an in-depth analysis of the patient’s lifestyle is made, and an intervention plan is proposed divided into several therapeutic sessions to know in depth the seriousness of his case and apply strategies adapted to this person and to his needs. These sessions can be individual with the person or in groups with other dependent people or with relatives of the first.

      2. Detox

      If detoxification focused on the biomedical aspects of the disease, in the detoxification phase the behavioral component is gaining in importance.

      The goal of the detoxification phase is for the person to eliminate the habit of consuming alcohol from his or her life, voluntarily accept the new situation without alcohol both physically and psychologically, and learn to live without addiction to drugs.

      Inside various psychological techniques and therapies are practiced, as well as pharmacological intervention (if necessary), with the aim of involving the person towards a well-being and a quality of life prior to their addiction, without resorting to alcohol.

      This phase is also led by a healthcare professional and works on such things as acceptance of the problem, motivation or willpower, social skills, and forms positive and decisive thinking patterns aimed at overcoming the disorder by researching new incentives and motivating activities and associated with a healthy lifestyle.

      Cessation it usually lasts a little over a year and ends when the person is satisfied with their abstinence situation; otherwise, compulsory abstinence is required for as long as necessary.

        3. Rehabilitation

        In the rehabilitation phase, there is a reduction in the person’s anxiety, as well as his desire to drink, and there is an improvement in social skills and interpersonal relationships.

        This phase aims for the person to integrate healthy patterns of social behavior away from alcohol consumption, as well as a radical change in the way they communicate and manage the friendships and the social environment that led to the maintenance of the addiction.

        In addition to this, in phase 3 also ** a learning of new skills useful for the life of the person is carried out ** and all these activities are put into practice that the latter could not achieve or ceased to do for his addiction.

          4. Reintegration

          The last phase is reintegration; this is one of the most important in the whole process because is the one who gives the keys to avoid relapses in alcohol consumption. It is based on the accompaniment of difficult situations of daily life, the reinforcement of the presence of the techniques learned during the preceding phases by reminders, sessions of motivation and resolution of doubts, and the early detection of thoughts and feelings that may precede a relapse. .

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          This phase is also overseen by the different mental health professionals who have jointly participated throughout the process and some of the most necessary elements are reworked to maintain full reintegration into the person’s life.

          The most important areas that are worked on in this last phase are the person’s self-knowledge and the concepts related to the risks of relapse and what are the healthy behaviors that must continue to be practiced on a daily basis.

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