Suicide is a very complex phenomenon, Like almost everything related to death.
However, in this case, part of this “interest” is not given by the act of suicide per se, but by the myths that circulate around this phenomenon.
The main myths about suicide
Then we will examine the most common myths about suicide and we will see why they are based on lies.
1. The discretion of suicide
There is a myth that whoever wants to end their life does not say so, which leads to not paying attention to subjects who somehow express their suicidal thoughts or threaten to commit the act. .
However, the reality is that out of ten people who commit suicide, nine of them clearly and in a timely manner express their objectives; the remaining subject alluded to their intentions without needing to express them verbally.
2. What he warns is not true
Another myth would be this: What he says does not do it, he only expresses it so that these warnings act as a form of emotional blackmail, manipulation, etc. In other words, they don’t want to die, they just show themselves off.
However, while it is true that even though all people who attempt suicide do not wish to die, it is a serious mistake to call alarmists, because these are people who their useful coping mechanisms for life have failed and therefore no longer find valid alternatives to continue, except to end their lives.
Almost everyone who commits suicide has expressed it in obvious words, gestures or changes in behavior.
Thus, therapists who carry cases related to suicidal behavior should take all possible precautions when dealing with a person who is talking about ideas, plans or intentions to end their life. Each of the threats of harm expressed against him they must be taken very seriously.
3. The myth of impulsivity
According to another myth, suicide is always impulsive and occurs without prior warning from the subject.
Beyond this preconceived idea, the evidence shows that suicide can seem impulsive, but it has generally been considered for some time before it is consumed. Lots of suicides committed they express some sort of verbal or behavioral warning about their intentions.
4. A very firm decision
Many people believe that suicides really want to die or are willing to end their life at any cost because they have made an almost immutable decision.
However, there is evidence that most people with marked suicidal ideation communicate their thoughts and / or plans to at least one person related to them just before attempting to kill themselves, or call a crisis helpline. or your doctor’s thoughts, no unshakeable intention to end his life.
5. The myth of the “safe zone”
Another misconception is that when a person shows signs of improvement or survives a suicide attempt, they are completely safe.
The reality is that one of the most dangerous times is the moment immediately after the seizure or when the subject is in the hospital after an attack.
The following week after discharge from the hospital, the person is particularly fragile and in grave danger of making another attempt on his life.
Since past behavior is a prognosis for future behavior, suicide is always at risk.
6. The myth of inheritance
According to another myth, suicidal behavior is inherited.
What science really says is that not all suicides can be firmly linked to hereditary factors. studies in this regard are quite limited. In contrast, a family history of suicide is a significant risk factor, especially in families where depression is common.
7. Suicides have a mental disorder
People who try to kill themselves they do not have to present a mental disorder. Suicidal behaviors are known to be associated with depression, substance abuse, schizophrenia and other mental disorders. However, this association should not be overestimated as there are cases where there was no obvious mental disorder.
8. If he disputes a suicide, he does not dare to commit suicide.
What science says is that challenging suicide is a completely irresponsible act, As he faces a very vulnerable person and in a crisis situation where his coping mechanisms have failed miserably, thus predominating the desire to end his life.
9.initiate suicide with ease
Another myth says that if you talk about suicide with someone at risk, you may be asked to do the deed, even unintentionally.
However, it is widely shown that talking about suicide with someone at risk, rather than inciting, provoking or bringing the idea into their mind, reduces the risk of committing it – and can often be the only one. Possibility to save the subject.