We are in a time when more and more cases of child sexual abuse come to light, it may even seem like there is a boom in this type of abuse, even though what is actually happening is it is that they are more and more visible.
According to studies,
about 7.4% of men and 19.2% of women have been victims of this type of abuse, Although these figures cannot be considered determinants due to the high number of unreported cases.
Child sexual abuse: a silent reality
Contrary to popular belief,
the most frequent child sexual abuse is within the family and by a person with whom the child has an emotional and trusting relationship.
Studies also show that in a high percentage of cases the abuse takes place in a play setting, which the adult uses to engage minors without being aware of the implications of these behaviors and this is why in many cases. , these behaviors go unnoticed by the rest of the relatives, who are not aware of the facts.
The effects of being sexually abused as a child
But what implication can sexual abuse of children have?
Studies carried out for this purpose inform us that
pSymptoms can appear both short and long term and these symptoms they can affect all facets of a child’s life.
Although it is estimated that around 30% of victims of sexual abuse do not have any associated symptoms, the rest of victims usually have a number of short and long term problems, including anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, feelings of guilt, stigma, problems with attention and concentration, relationship problems, sleep disturbances, uninhibited sexual behavior, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts, among other symptoms, which over time and s ‘they persist, can worsen until the onset of depressive and bipolar disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, borderline personality disorders and self-destructive and self-destructive behaviors (Pereda, 2009).
Suicides: figures and data
One of the most serious consequences given the intention to end his life is suicide. About 50% of men are victims of sexual abuse and
67% of women have or have had suicidal thoughts and a considerable percentage of them tried to end their own life (11% of women and 4% of men).
Read more on this topic: “Suicides: data, statistics and associated mental disorders”
But is there any data to support this claim? The answer is yes. Studies of adolescent suicide are scarce due to their social impact because, as with sexual abuse, they are problematic that remain underlying and do not come out easily, but as early as 1991 Cirillo and Blasco argued that victims of sexual abuse who did not feel listened to or protected tended to display self-aggressive behaviors that could lead to suicide.
Another study finds that child abuse, regardless of category, is associated with suicide in adults at a rate of 5.53% and that the severity of the abuse may even influence the onset and frequency of such attempts, there seems to be a correlation between suicide attempts and suicide attempts and the time since the abuse, as these behaviors appeared about 2 years after suffering (González-Forteza, Lira Branches, Vignau Brambila and Ramirez Villarreal, 2001) .
See these numbers
it seems clear that there is an important correlation between having been a victim of sexual abuse in childhood and attempted suicide in adolescence.
Although this is not the only cause that motivates them, because studies based solely on suicide attempts in adolescents present as risk factors for this type of behavior, in addition to child abuse, the existence of family dysfunctions. , depressive symptoms anxiety behavioral problems. However, the data are alarming and reveal the enormous psychological and physical consequences that abused people can suffer during childhood.
- González-Forteza, C., Ramos Lira, L., Vignau Brambila, LB and Ramírez Vila-real, C. (2001). Sexual abuse and suicide attempt associated with depressive discomfort and suicidal ideation in adolescents. Mental Health Mexico, 24, N.6, Dec.
- Larraguibel, M .; González, P .; Martinez, V .; Valenzuela, R. (2000). Risk factors for suicidal behavior in children and adolescents. Chilean Journal of Pediatrics, 71, 3. Mayo.
- Erm Castell, D., Chávez Hernández, AM (2007) Child abuse and suicide in the State of Guanajuato. Mental Health, 30, nº3, May-June. Pg. 59-67.
- Pereda, N., (2009). Initial psychological consequences of child sexual abuse. Papers of the Psychologist, 30 (2), pp135-144.
- Pereda, N., (2010). Long-term psychological consequences of child sexual abuse. Documents of the psychologist, 31 (2), p. 191-201.