We all know how important it is to get a good night’s sleep and yet many of us have often lost sleep. Sometimes premeditated and others simply unintentionally. Sleep disorders are, for now, one of the most common, Having considerable population growth.
40% of the Spanish population suffers from one of these disorders and 10% suffer from chronic diseases. There are around 100 types of sleep disorders recorded by the World Health Organization (WHO). These include insomnia (reduced ability to sleep), hypersomnia (excessively prolonged and deep sleep), parasomnias (sleep disorder with brief episodes of awakening), sleepwalking (automatic motor activities while remaining unconscious) , sleep paralysis (transient inability to perform any type of voluntary movement during the transition period between sleep and wakefulness), etc.
What are sleep disorders?
Sleep disorders, as the name suggests, are major sleep problems. These can include sleep disturbances and sleep deprivation, difficulty staying awake, and sleep disturbances, so a normal sleep pattern is not allowed.
What are the causes of sleep disturbances?
There is a close relationship between sleep disturbances and quality of life, physical and psychiatric health. Some of these sleep disorders are caused by cardiovascular, hormonal, metabolic, neurological diseases. and those that cause pain. In addition, we must add those caused by psychiatric illnesses such as anxiety and depression. Pregnancy and menopause can also cause sleep problems, such as insomnia, a disorder that, as mentioned earlier, reduces the ability to sleep.
Other causes that prevent proper sleep include drug addiction, poor sleep habits, overworking, and using electronic devices before going to bed. However, genetic predispositions still play an important role.
1. Drug abuse
There are drugs that affect sleep, such as the beta blocker (used to treat hypertension and arrhythmias), by inhibiting the nocturnal secretion of the hormone melatonin responsible for regulating sleep and the circadian clock as well, produces nightmares and nocturnal awakenings. Corticosteroids (used to treat inflammation of blood vessels and muscles, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, allergic reactions …) deplete the adrenal glands thus keeping the body awake and the mind stimulatedIn addition to SSRI antidepressants, alpha blockers, statins …
2. Poor sleeping habits
Having good sleep hygiene is essential in order to be able to lead a healthy and productive life, so you must learn to have good sleep habits. We must avoid going to bed too late and not sleeping long enough to regain the energy expended. The consequences of not having good sleep habits are fatigue and fatigue, in some cases triggering a state of worry when it comes to wanting to sleep that prevents us from falling asleep.
3. Excessive work and new technologies
One of the causes that appears more and more frequently in our lives is overwork, which causes more stress, affects the quality of sleep and makes it more difficult to be able to reconcile. Not only does excessive work rob us of a quality dream, but the excessive use of new technologies (like cellphones, tablets, televisions and computers) excites our nervous system so much during the day that they can even misalign the internal clock and changes in the hormones that help you fall asleep.
Author: Natalia Matusiak