Vampirism: real causes and cases of this rare paraphilia

Vampirism or hematodipsia is one of the most twisted paraphilias: Those who suffer from it feel an urgent need to ingest, perform treatments or rituals with blood (usually human), often motivated by the belief that this liquid contains rejuvenating or life-prolonging magical properties.

What is vampirism? Causes and symptoms

A first possible explanation for this disorder lies in the possibility that those who ingest blood do so out of pure fetishism: in it, they find the sexual pleasure necessary to realize their most Machiavellian fantasies in which the red liquid is the protagonist.

Another often cited cause is some type of traumatic childhood experience that adults associate with sexual stimulation. Psychologists agree that it is a mental disorder related to sadism, which causes those affected to hurt and attack others to achieve a specific goal. Some experts have come to draw a parallel between vampirism and necrophilia.

Of course, we need to break away from the collective ideology that literary works and vampire films have left us. People with hematodipsia do not use the blood they take from their victims “to survive” or anything like that. It is a disorder more closely related to the satisfaction of a pleasure resulting from the suffering of others..

Either way, the causes of vampirism are under discussion, especially for the few cases described historically.

Brief history of hematodipsia

Several cases have marked the collective unconscious around this disease. Although many of these stories are real, cinema and literature have led us to understand this phenomenon in a biased way. Anyway, these cases that we will relate below refer to people of flesh and blood who suffered from vampirism.

The Impaler

The cult of blood and its supposed qualities has its roots in history and made famous figures such as Vlad Tepes “the Impaler” (15th century).

This prince of Romania received his nickname for using the impalement as punishment for traitors and combat deaths. enemy armies; then drink his blood, convinced that he could thus achieve invincibility. This figure inspired Irishman Bram Stoker with his famous eternal love story “Dracula” (1897), as well as multiple later literary and film adaptations.

The Bloody Countess

We move on to the end of the Middle Ages, the end of the 16th and the beginning of the 17th century. In Hungary, Erzsébet Báthory, also known as the “Bloody Countess”, will go down in history for her devotion to the red liquid. and thus she was able under the pretext of always remaining beautiful.

As a teenager, this noble woman became obsessed with the idea of ​​wanting to preserve her beauty forever. So he contacted wizards and witches to see how he could succeed in making his wish come true. These initiated her into ceremonies where she had to drink blood, preferably drawn from young girls and “virgins of the soul”, that is to say, who had not known love. Over time, his descent into hell intensified, because, not content with killing to drink human blood, he began to bathe there: he spent hours in liters of this liquid, believing that he would keep his youthful appearance forever.

After years of disappearance of the villagers who lived in the neighboring towns, the Countess and her accomplices were discovered. The witches and wizards who had helped him commit the crimes and performed the bloody ceremonies cut off his fingers with a red iron, then beheaded them and threw their bodies into a bonfire. The Countess was ordered to be walled up alive in a cabin that had a small skylight at the top through which sunlight filtered.

Despite the horrible penance imposed and being fed once a day, the Countess endured four years walled up and never showed remorse for what she did. Did they have something to do with the ingestion and the bloodshed for delaying their agony for so long? Or on the contrary, Would he have died of an illness (such as pneumonia) if he had not undergone such processes?

The vampire of Barcelona

At the start of the 20th century, Barcelona, ​​a city now known throughout the world for being one of the main tourist attractions in the world, witnessed one of the most terrible events that permeates the Spanish black chronicle. The disappearance of several children in the neighborhood called “El Raval” alerted the inhabitants of this poor neighborhood.

The culprit was Enriqueta Martí, who would earn the nickname “La vampira de Barcelona” or “La vampira del Raval”, a woman with a hermit life and dark customs: they explain that she was engaged in the abduction of children of poor families or who had been abandoned in the streets to kill them, extract their blood and fats to use them as a base for cosmetics, ointments and potions which he later sold to high-level figures with whom it was fabricated.

This woman had her house at the end of a well-known street in the city of Barcelona and it was thanks to the good eye of a neighbor who was able to end her reign of terror. He then kidnapped, on February 10, 1912, a five-year-old girl; on the 27th of the same month, a neighbor who lived in front of the “vampire’s” lair could see through one of the windows a young person with a shaved head. At first, he didn’t think he could understand the little girl’s disappearance, but he was surprised to see her there, as Enriqueta had lived alone there for over a year. After discussing it with some traders and traders, they decided to alert the police, who finally got a reliable clue about the mysterious case.

When officers arrived at the scene, they found no alarming signs that the ragged woman was the cause of so much confusion … until they came across a room the owner was guarding with mistrust. Key: There were several witchcraft books, bloody clothes of boys and girls, large amounts of human fat stored in glass jars, a large slaughterhouse knife, and the bones of at least 12 boys and girls stored in a large bag.

As he confessed to the police, his procedure was as follows: dressed in ragged rags as if she were a beggar, she observed her victims and abducted them in the middle of the street. Once in their lair, he killed them, draining their blood and sebum. Then, at night, dressed in his finery, he went to the central districts of the city where wealthy people were concentrated and there he contacted them to exchange their products, which would both rejuvenate and heal. some diseases of the time (eg tuberculosis). He also admitted that there was a time when he had bad luck with his kidnappings, so he chose to extract fat from street animals like dogs and cats.

After her statement, she was sent to a women’s prison, where she attempted suicide twice, with one trying to bite her veins out of her wrist. From that point on, she was under the surveillance of three of the centre’s most dangerous and respected inmates, to prevent other colleagues from harming her or starting over on her own.

It is believed that his suicide attempt was intended to avoid giving in to pressure from authorities to confess the names of the personalities he worked for, as it was always suspected that important families of the time could be involved. This perhaps explains the causes of her death in 1913, when despite the surveillance to which she was subjected, a group of inmates lynched her until she put an end to her life. The most suspicious have always considered the possibility that someone, outside or inside the prison, will order their immediate execution. Unfortunately, the case was under investigation, so it was not tried and could not hear the full truth.

The man in the bag

Who hasn’t heard of “The Man in the Bag”? In Spanish folklore, we used to talk about this character who, as they say, wandered around the villages in search of those children who were not behaving well, who he put it in the big bag that he carried with him and never saw them again.

While one might think that it is a simple invention that arose to terrorize the little ones and make them obey, the truth is that this legend has its origin in the so-called “sacamantecas” or “sacauntos” which, at the early twentieth century, murdered several children in different areas of Spanish geography. At a time when famine was rife in rural areas, many saw the opportunity to make easy money by killing and extracting anointing from young children, then selling them to the wealthy as poultices or ointments.

Juan Diaz de Garayo, in Vitoria; or José González Tovar, in MalagaThese are a few examples which occupy two doubtful places of honor in the dark history of Spain and which, without a doubt, we will be responsible for addressing in future publications.

Leave a Comment