Verborrhea: features and examples of this symptom of speech

Talking is a necessity. Communicating our beliefs, opinions, experiences, fears and perceptions is a fundamental thing in the human species, a positive symptom of our intellectual and social evolution.

However, sometimes there are people who don’t seem to have a STOP button when they speak. They talk and talk and don’t let others talk, doing more than communicating, what they are looking for is to have an audience that listens to them and nothing more.

In essence, it is verbiage, symptom of various mental disorders, brain damage and, also, people with a somewhat egocentric personality. Let’s take a closer look at its characteristics, some examples, its causes and how it is treated.

    What is verborrhea?

    Verborrhea, also called logorrhea or alorea is a quantitative modification of the linguistic flow. This symptom is characterized by the fact that the person says more words than necessary, his communicative speech is accelerated and it is difficult to be interrupted. The speech becomes too long, in addition to the communication becoming a monologue, since the verbose or verborrhagic person does not allow his interlocutor to interrupt or take part in the “conversation”.

    Another strong point of verbiage is that the thread of the conversation is spontaneous and sudden, constantly changing and full of terms that don’t come to mind. The person talks all the time, even if he has to change the subject without coming to the case in order to be able to continue saying something. It is a very fluid monologue but in many cases devoid of any meaning.

    You have to understand that it is not bad that we like to talk and that it is possible that, on more than one occasion, we have passed through the branches a little. But there is a world between talking a little more about the story and talking non-stop, without letting our interlocutor tell us what he thinks or share with us what happened to him or what he thinks.

    verbiage it’s something bordering on pathological, Can even be considered, in some cases, as such. It is a symptom of an inability to establish good communication with others.

    Characteristics of verbiage

    The main characteristic of verbiage is the constant need to speak. People who manifest it may have normal prosody, although the pace varies from slightly accelerated to almost no time to hydrate the mouth.

    His way of speaking is impulsive, often disorderly and with a very unstructured argument. They move from one subject to another without any connection.

    One of the most related aspects of verbiage is the use of neologisms, new words without clear derivation, used as synonyms, or substituting words for anotheris that they have no relation of meaning but that it just sounds better to him (for example, “hypotenuse” for “hypocrisy” or “hypocrisy”, coined word, for “hypocrisy”). In addition, in the most extreme cases, people with verborrhagia invent new morphosyntactic constructions, without realizing the grammatical errors they make.

    Examples of verbiage

    Understand graphically what verbiage is we will see some examples.

    Case 1. Two friends are in a bar

    Two friends are in a bar, and one of them, who suffers from verbiage, begins to tell the other that he has found a job:

    “I got a job. Do you know where it is? It’s near Constitution Square, in front of a kiosk and behind a hospital, right next to a big tree. I must have worked hard on the side. ” I like windows. Every time I go by bus, I try to grab the window, but I don’t like going to the plane window. Is that it scares me a little. I have always been for heights. As a child, I couldn’t even take a swing or climb the slide … “

    Case 2. The tile girl

    As we have said before, his way of speaking is compulsive and often disorderly, switching from one subject to another spontaneously. Here is an example of sudden theme jumps.

    A girl is in a restaurant telling her friend that she saw a tile the other day:

    “The other day I saw a blue bird, I think it’s called tiles. Did you know that the tiles in my bathroom are not blue, but pistachio green? Or was it bathroom green? Buah, I don’t like the “They it’s so cold… and there’s so much blood sometimes. Oh, the other day I had a wound and a lot of blood came out, but it already healed me. Well i am not sure. I think my neighbor had an accident a few weeks ago and is still healing … By the way, my favorite dessert is strawberry ice cream, you think I should ask for it? “.

    Causes and disorders in which it can appear

    While this is not always the case, the verbiage may appear to be related to brain injury, especially to the frontal lobe, as well as damage to the thalamus and the ascending reticular activator system.

    These lesions are often associated with aphasia, Being of special mention the aphasia of Wernicke, because in it can occur verbena. Symptoms of this aphasia include the use of meaningless words or neologisms (in their clinical sense), incomprehensible and inconsistent speech and writing, as if it were a salad of words. , although there is a fluency of speech and writing, both maintained and in excess. There is a lack of awareness of linguistic errors, i.e. anosognosia.

    As for mental disorders, verbiage can appear in a wide variety of them, having a great relation to tachypsychia. Tachypsychia is a symptom characterized by accelerated thinking, almost as if there is a brain drain in the patient. Verborrhea is the oral manifestation of this tachitism or accelerated thought.

    For all this it is not surprising that accelerated speech occurs in disorders where there is tachypsychia, Such as manic episodes of bipolar disorder, hyperactivity and schizophrenia. It can also be present in states of anxiety and agitation, in addition to organic psychosis and alcohol and amphetamine poisoning.

    However, sometimes what causes a person to be wordy is not a brain injury or mental disorder, but a self-centered personality. The person focuses the conversation on their need to talk about themselves and without letting the other person speak. Despite this, note that verbiage is not a diagnostic label or a personality style, Although it can be related to both.

      treatment

      Verborrhea is a style of communication that can tell us that either the person has a mental disorder or their personality type tends towards unlimited egocentricity.

      While having a self-centered personality is not a disorder, it can be something that requires psychological intervention., To allow the person to take some control over their life and well-being, as well as to stop being a nuisance to those who have to endure them. The treatment of verbiage depends on the type of disorder with which it is associated.

      In the event that this is due to an underlying mental disorder, intervention should be made through psychotherapy and psychopharmacology. Not only to normalize the rhythm and consistency of the verbose person’s speech, but also to treat the mental disorder and ensure that their well-being is improved.

      The pharmacological pathway for verbiage may be antipsychotics, not only for this symptom itself but also for the psychotic disorder underlying it, such as schizophrenia. Lithium is used as a supplement to treat patients who have had a manic episode.

      In the event of brain damage, neuroimaging tests should be performed. relevant in order to detect the location of the lesion and to propose a therapeutic intervention. In these cases, psychotherapy can also be used, especially focusing on aphasia, psychopharmacology and, if possible and necessary, surgery.

      Finally, in the event that the person is wordy to have a personality Self-centered, psychological treatment will aim to make her more effective in establishing two-way communication. That is, to learn that a conversation involves at least two people and that it is not the center of the discussion. Learning to listen, letting others speak and understanding that everyone has the right and the need to speak are key areas to work on.

      Anyway, I have to say that egocentric personality verbs are a bit difficult to work with in consultation. The best thing the immediate environment can do is not lend themselves to being part of their narcissistic game.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Hallowell, B. (2008). Introduction to language intervention strategies in adult aphasia. Linguistic intervention strategies in aphasia and associated neurogenic communication disorders. 5: 3-19.
      • Obler, L. (1999). The tongue and the brain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-46641-5.
      • Arseni, C .; Dănăilă, L. (1977). Logorrhea syndrome with hyperkinesia. European neurology. 15 (4): 183-7. doi: 10.1159 / 000114831. PMID 872837.

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