What are the most common emotional disorders?

For more than a century, psychology has been responsible for treating all types of psychological disorders that can cause discomfort or suffering in people, as well as treating each imbalance with the tools best suited to each case. Some of these psychopathologies particularly influence our way of experiencing emotions.

In today’s article, we will focus on emotional disorders, some of the most common in today’s society and which cause the most pain, discomfort or anguish in people who experience them. suffer daily.

Emotional disorders are psychological disorders that directly affect the emotional state of peoplewhich often interferes with his normal functioning in daily life and in his normal relationship with his environment.

The most common emotional disorders

If you suffer from an emotional disorder or want to know in depth what are the most common emotional disorders and the most common pathologies in the world, check out our selection today.

1. Mood Disorders

The state of mind that people have at a given moment shapes how we perceive the world around us and it also greatly conditions the way we decide to live our daily lives.

There is a type of psychological alteration that specifically affects people’s state of mind, which interferes in a very noticeable way in people’s lives, as well as in their ability to perform daily tasks and activities. These are, as we can see, so-called affective or mood disorders.

Mood disorders are mental health disorders that are characterized by the presence of severe emotional changes in the person who suffers from them, as well as distorted moods that do not correspond to their current situation.

This type of disorder causes that we experience prolonged periods of excessive sadness, emptiness, anxiety, or discomfort (depression) or euphoria, arousal, or extreme happiness (mania). Therefore, depression and mania can be considered the two extremes of mood disorders.

1.1. major depression

Major depression is one of the most common emotional disorders that exist and consists of the existence of long periods of extreme sadness in the person who suffers from it.

The main symptoms of major depression are unhappiness, anxiety, melancholy, frustration or bad mood and this disorder can be caused by a wide variety of different causes.

Among the main causes of major depressive disorder are genetic or family causes, hormonal causes, stressful events in the past, alcoholism or drug addiction and sleep disorders.

1.2. bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depression because it is a disorder characterized by alternating periods of depression and mania.

These clearly marked periods are characterized by symptoms of euphoria, hyperactivity, irritability and accelerated speech. (in manic period) and for symptoms of psychomotor retardation, hypersomnia and extreme sadness in depressive episodes.

1.3. Substance-Induced Mood Disorder

Substance-Induced Mood Disorder is caused, as its numbers indicate, by continued exposure to consumption of a drug or medication with a psychoactive effect.

Depending on the type of substance used, the symptoms of this type of disorder can be manic or depressive.

2. Anxiety Disorders Associated with Trauma

Anxiety and trauma-related disorders are the second of the major groups that make up the most common emotional disorders in the world.

Anxiety disorders have anxiety as the main differentiating element which can manifest itself in symptoms as diverse as activation, stress, excessive sweating, restlessness, trouble sleeping, irritability, fatiguefear of the future and constant suffering.

Anxiety disorders can be defined as those in which anxiety is predominant and determining, that is, a constant feeling of discomfort and worry about possible future disasters or the permanent fear of a future full of dangers.

2. 1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder is one of the most common among anxious people and is characterized by fear a general feeling of anxiety and excessive worry with no apparent triggerfor at least 6 consecutive months.

This generalized anxiety affects all aspects of a person’s life and generally generates fatigue, exhaustion, irritability, nervousness, sleep disturbances, muscle tension or concentration problems.

2. 2. Phobias

Phobias are irrational fears motivated by a particular object, living thing, or situation, such as blood, spiders, fear of flying, or fear of being in social situations.

These irrational fears also have a great impact on the life of the person who suffers from them and make it difficult to carry out each of the daily activities or responsibilities normally.

3. Post-traumatic stress disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder develops in experiencing or witnessing an emotionally destabilizing event which can affect the person intensely. From then on, people with PTSD gradually remember the traumatic event and can no longer live the life they had before due to the terror generated by the lived experience.

These traumatic events can be of different natures, among the most common are traffic accidents, the experience of natural disasters, situations of violence, sexual abuse or a near-death experience.

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