What happens when a psychological alteration occurs in childhood?

Childhood is a fundamental stage in which there are not only quantitative differences from adulthood, but also several qualitative differences.

Psychologically, boys and girls are no different from fully developed human beings because they lack information about how the world works; what gives shape to his way of thinking, behaving and feeling is not reduced to the relative absence of knowledge, but also relates to the physical and functional characteristics of his brain. This is why in the first years of life the little ones are able to learn very quickly, and this is also why a psychological alteration at this age can easily mark them permanently.

And it is that the child’s mind is characterized by its sensitivity to what it inherits from the environment, something that has implications both in its ability to learn and in its mental health. Therefore, In this article we will discuss the question of what happens when a psychological impairment occurs in childhood, and what causes it..

What are the main effects of psychological alterations in childhood?

It’s not that boys and girls are prone to develop psychopathologies prior to virtually any everyday experience; after all, the development of the nervous system has been conditioned by natural selection over hundreds of thousands of years, and no species of mammal could survive if its young were so sensitive to the adversities of nature. But it is true that they are less equipped than adults when it comes to dealing with experiences that overwhelm them emotionally, and this difference is often overlooked by parents or caregivers in general. This is why it is important to take into account the phenomena that we will see later and that are triggered when boys and girls experience emotional alterations caused by experiences that generate discomfort.

1. They tend to develop trauma

During the first years of life, we are most vulnerable to traumatic experiences. These can prevent our emotional memory from properly processing the content associated with a painful memory of what happened to us, so that each time these memories come back to our consciousness, we experience a crisis due to mental destabilization. This phenomenon can occur at any age, even when it occurs in the early years, it has a greater ability to bear on long-term mental health due to the “snowball effect” which occurs at a stage in life where many things frighten us or make us feel insecure.

2. They direct frustration at themselves or others

When children feel very frustrated or angry about something that has happened to them, they tend to place blame by drawing very clear lines between those who are responsible for what happened and those who are not. are not. Often they only blame another person when they suffer from a problem caused by them, or blame themselves after being bullied or bullied at school. It is a tendency to dichotomous thinkingwithout nuances, something due to the fact that their capacity for abstract thinking is not yet fully developed and although it helps them to learn without constantly feeling confused by the complexity of the world, it can cause them to suffer a lot of guilt in situations that are unfair to them or to adopt a hostile attitude that deteriorates their relationships with others.

3. Social isolation has deeper effects

When something happens to us that overwhelms us emotionally because of the anxious or depressive symptoms that make us live, we may choose to isolate ourselves socially a little more; however, it will not significantly affect our personality or social skills. However, in childhood yes can delay the acquisition of social skills and to change much of the behavior pattern of the boy or girl, since the personality is still forming.

4. Early relationships have a lot of influence on how they will behave as adults

Finally, it should be noted that in childhood we learn the most relevant aspects of the functioning of personal relationships, and these learnings they remain in a latent state conditioning our “philosophy” when starting and managing relationships friendship, family and couple in recent years. This is because, in the first place, these experiences mark us emotionally, not intellectually; we learn what to expect from others by experiencing how we feel in the absence or presence of the father or mother, and from there we teach a series of explanations of relationships to as we develop the ability to use language. Therefore, if these first contacts generate stress or general malaise, it will negatively affect our relationships in adulthood if we do not benefit from professional psychological support.

How to recognize the psychological alterations of childhood?

In order to recognize childhood psychological alterations and find a way to treat them, psychologists must specialize in psychological intervention at this stage of childhood. Childhood is a particularly delicate period in the development of a person, when the bases of personality are laid and where experiences are lived that will mark the course of life.

To specialize in mental health in the early stages of people’s development and growth, the Master’s in Child Psychology from Mediterranean School of Psychology it can be one of the best options to study online, since it will allow those who study it to recognize, improve and prevent the main disorders that can appear at this stage of life.

On the other hand, if you are looking for a specialization in the emotional development of children, another very suitable option is the postgraduate course in Emotional Education in Early Childhood.

A training that also considers the development of adolescents with the main stages and the most common mental alterations that occur at this stage, is the master’s degree in child and adolescent psychology.

They are complete programs, with complete and up-to-date programs, in a 100% online format, with the objective that the student can manage his time as he wishes. In addition, throughout the training, the student will benefit from the support of expert tutors and the entire team of the Escuela Mediterránea de Psicología.

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