What is overtraining syndrome and what are its symptoms

Fitness and health are important. Today there seems to be a greater awareness of this aspect, and exercise is even fashionable, but it happens as with everything that an excess can lead to certain risks.

More and more often, people who go to therapy complain of extreme exhaustion, the causes deriving from excessive exercise without sufficient rest time for the recovery of the body. In addition, maintaining muscles, shape and overcoming the mark on a daily basis becomes an obsession that sustains compulsive behavior.

Therefore, in this article we will see what overtraining syndrome is, As well as its symptoms and main characteristics.

    What is overtraining syndrome?

    Overtraining syndrome is a set of symptoms that appears due to excessive exercise without adequate recovery time. Fatigue, insomnia, depressive and stress symptoms are some of its symptoms.

    Excessive sport associated with the demands of work, family, emotional state and inadequate diet promotes its appearance.

    This syndrome usually occurs in athletes or elite athletes, but sometimes in people who are not professionally engaged in sport. they develop compulsive behavior around physical exercise, A sports addiction which can influence the onset of exhaustion or overtraining syndrome.

    An important fact to add is that people with overtraining syndrome they are more vulnerable to infections, due to their weakened immune system. What is in principle positive, both physically and psychologically, can be distorted if it leads to obsession. A good example of sports addiction is vigor.

      main symptoms

      Let’s see what they are symptoms of overtraining syndrome.

      physical symptoms

      These are the physical repercussions of overtraining syndrome.

      • Respiratory problems.
      • Hypotension.
      • Weight loss and appetite.
      • Muscle aches.
      • Increased heart rate and blood pressure.
      • Digestive problems.
      • physical fatigue.

      psychological symptoms

      The most common psychological disorders associated with this syndrome are as follows.

      • Low mood, same depression.
      • Anxiety.

      • Physical and emotional exhaustion.
      • low self-esteem.
      • Difficulty dealing with everyday problems.
      • Poor attention span and concentration.
      • Insomnia and nightmares.
      • irritability.
      • Inhibition of sexual desire.

      psychological treatment

      Psychological treatment addresses the causes of the emergence of overtraining, i.e. what were the factors that predisposed exercise to become an obsession. It is thus a question of evaluating the state of self-esteem, professional and family burdens and personality traits such as over-demand and perfectionism, often linked to dependence on physical exercise, for their benefit. treatment throughout therapy.

      From a psychological point of view, one of the possible causes could well be, in some cases, compensation for certain shortcomings, As unsatisfactory personal development, low self-esteem and stress of daily life, along with physical exercise.

      Treating anxiety and bad mood is also essential so that the person regains self-confidence and regains his motivation. Particular emphasis will be placed on the gradual resumption of physical exercise, ensuring that its maintenance is alternated with a correct physical and psychological recovery, taking into account the social and personal context of the patient: professional, family requirements, etc. and their adaptation tools.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Asensio García, Concepción. https://www.efisioterapia.net/articulos/sindrome-sobreentrenamiento
      • González Boto, René. Tuero de Prat, Concepción. Marquez Rosa, Sara; “Contributions of Psychology to the Study of Overtraining in Sport.” http://www.infocop.es/view_article.asp?id=993
      • González-Boto, R., Molinero, O. and Marquez, S. (2006). Overtraining in competitive sport: psychological implications of the imbalance between stress and recovery. Anxiety and Stress Magazine. 12 (1), 99-115.

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