What type of disorder is body dysmorphia?

The mirror seems to show a person’s appearance in detail. However, the reflection around the concept of the physical self goes beyond what the reflection shows in each moment. That is to say, a human being can observe himself from a positive perspective or, on the contrary, emphasize traits that he perceives as faults, deficiencies or imperfections.

The suffering caused by a negative perception of body image is not superficial. Indeed, it comes to condition the quality of life when the subject feels a high level of insecurity in his personal and professional relationships. Body dysmorphia is, in short, a type of mental disorder.

Characteristics of body dysmorphic disorder

Where this alteration occurs, the individual has a distorted image of their own body. He does not objectively observe the beauty of those traits and qualities that are part of his body image. On the contrary, he focuses excessively on details that turn into huge flaws according to his criteria. These characteristics take on enormous importance when it is visualized.

This fact makes irrational beliefs about physical appearance become a cause for worry, insecurity and unease. That is to say that this disorder it has a direct impact on personal self-esteem and on the relationships that are established with others. For example, the patient with body dysmorphia may not fully enjoy their social life. In some cases, you may avoid plans that make you feel stressed, restless, or restless. Ultimately, the risk of experiencing a greater level of loneliness increases.

It is common for the person to feel great discomfort when looking at themselves in the mirror. The cuesta maintains the gaze for a long time. And he doesn’t like looking at those family portraits he’s in either. The value of personal image and physical appearance seems to matter a great deal in today’s society, which is so visual.

Thus, a person who she judges herself negatively and tends to compare herself to others, but generally he does it in a position of inferiority. In other words, he is not objective in his evaluations, since he magnifies and exaggerates his possible faults (remember that he does not do this consciously and intentionally). Moreover, she thinks that others also pay attention to details that she would like to change about herself.

On the contrary, he idealizes the beauty he perceives in others as if it were the expression of maximum perfection. Nowadays, interpersonal comparisons can go beyond the closest and immediate environment. That is to say, the person can perceive perfectly neat photographs on social networks. Images that sometimes show a perspective of beauty unattainable in reality. And, nevertheless, this content leaves an emotional mark on those who feel vulnerable when contemplating it from an idealized point of view. In other words, the person can also compare themselves to people they do not know in person.

Attention to body image becomes a recurring concern for those who suffer from this disorder. The person maintains an internal dialogue that presents several repetitive ideas with a marked negative tone. In other words, she has internalized the belief that she is not beautiful, pretty, or attractive enough. And even if other friends and relatives tell him otherwise, he doesn’t feel that the praise he receives when, for example, he shows off a new image or launches a style that favors him is true. Body dysmorphia has a significant impact on self-esteem and self-confidence. The person believes that the image he perceives of himself is identical to that seen by others when they accompany him. But the others observe it from a totally different angle.

Psychological help is essential for the patient with body dysmorphia

Each body is unique and has an attractiveness that should not be conditioned by demanding standards of beauty that lead to a reductionist image of physical appearance. However, the negative view of bodily defects becomes an important source of daily suffering. So much so that the person concerned constantly reviews his image. For example, it is possible to change clothes many times before choosing a definitive style.

These defects seem to become the main cause of unhappiness. But the reason for dissatisfaction is not in the body, but in the perception of a distorted image. Therefore, it is important to receive psychological help, nurture self-esteem and deepen internalized beliefs about physical beauty.

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