Usually, people associate major depression (which is the diagnostic term), colloquially called “depression”, with the emotion “sadness”.assuming that the depressed person will primarily express sadness most of the day in most areas of their life and with most people around them.
Now some people feel very confused because someone they know had suicidal thoughts, or committed suicide, and yet apparently they didn’t show any sadness, because they appeared on their networks social, seemed to have a normal life, smiled, socialized, etc. . . This confusion may be due to the simplification made in assume that if you are not sad and/or express it verbally or non-verbally, you cannot be depressed. This leads to the disbelief and surprise of those around the depressed person, which aggravates the feeling of incomprehension of the depressed person, who feels isolated, different and poorly supported by his environment.
The complex relationship between depression and sadness
The person who has suicidal ideas, or who transforms these ideas into acts, always goes through psychological problems that lead to suffering and the appearance of very negative thoughts. Many times he probably suffers from major depression.
It therefore seems important to specify that the depressive symptomatology is more complex and that a person can suffer from this disorder, presenting more insidious and less obvious symptoms than sadness, perhaps less known but which are part of the criteria to be evaluated for establish a diagnosis The fact that people know a little more about this disorder, can make it act earlier, promoting understanding and emotional support for the person who suffers from it.
So, beyond sadness, we want to show you certain other depressive symptoms so that you can identify them more clearly if you, or someone close to you, could suffer from it:
1. Tendency to blame everything that happens around
Thoughts such as “it’s my fault”, “I should have done this, or shouldn’t have done this otherwise”, “I’m doing everything wrong”, which are accompanied by a feeling of guilt, almost constantly. These types of negative thoughts have a frequency and duration that cause discomfort in the personby causing him emotions such as guilt, anger, frustration and even hatred towards himself.
2. Apathy and anhedonia
That is, a lack of interest, motivation and enthusiasm, as well as a difficulty in enjoying things that were previously enjoyed. The person may try to enjoy activities that previously gave them satisfaction without being able to have fun doing them. This leads him to stop doing them, because they do not generate well-being, so he does fewer and fewer activities, and tends to isolate himself.
This makes him enter a loop, since he does not do activities, because they do not satisfy him, and since they do not satisfy him, he is more and more inactive. As a result, he begins to have thoughts like “it’s no use doing this, because I don’t feel like it”, “it would be better if I didn’t do anything”, “I won’t feel better by doing it”, which lead him into a negative spiral of passivity and inactivity.
3. Significant changes in sleep and/or diet
For example, significant change in the amounts and frequency of food intake, sudden weight loss or gain, or difficulty falling asleep or falling asleep (insomnia), or on the contrary excessive sleep (hypersomnia). The fundamental pillars of a person’s well-being are sleep and food, so it is difficult to feel good with these disturbed pillars, since the rest of daily activities and needs rely on them.
4. Irritability and irascibility
That is, a tendency to get angry easily and inappropriately, showing sensitivity. Anger and rage are often present in these people, who feel vulnerable and easily affected. They tend to present thoughts like “no one understands me”, “others should do this or that”, etc., which produce emotions such as frustration and make them feel misunderstood. Thus his reactions can be excessive and his attitude irascible. In the most serious cases, the person may have difficulty expressing their emotions, crying… suffering from a certain “emotional sedation”.
Knowing other symptoms that may indicate that you are depressed, or that someone around you is, will help that person get help more quickly. If you feel identified, do not hesitate to consult a mental health professional.
If you identify someone in your environment, don’t judge them or minimize what is happening to them. Do not hesitate to offer him help and to accompany him if he struggles to take the plunge. The GP and mental health specialists (psychiatrist and psychologist) can perform a proper initial assessment, assess the severity of the symptoms and decide on the next steps to take to intervene. sometimes psychotherapy is neededwhile on other occasions a combination of pharmacological and psychological treatment is required.
With the right treatment, the different and complex symptoms of depression will be reduced and the affected person will significantly improve their mental health and quality of life.