The use of technology today represents a great potential for communication. It is a creative and educational tool; But, its excessive use can lead to risks and consequences.
The behaviors generated in people with Internet addiction can interfere with the physical and mental well-being of the affected person and their environment; family, friends and colleagues.
Internet addiction disorder
The so-called Internet addiction disorder (IAD) is characterized by prolonged duration of use in predominantly recreational and high-frequency internet activities in children and adolescents. Affected people spend hours in front of the computer surfing the Internet, neglecting other aspects of life to the point of becoming addictive.
On the other hand, an addiction arises when it is not possible to control behavior towards something, and it arises in a chronic and addictive way, and there is a pathological search for the specific reward that produces the addiction. Some of the most common are: addiction to alcohol, tobacco, drugs, pornography and gambling.
In the case of Internet addictive disorder, people spend most of the day using social media, instant messaging, or, in the most common cases, online games and video games. In more serious cases they can lose track of time and realityThey even get to be overwhelmed in a character’s identity.
In addition, these Internet users they have a constant concern to be connected and lie about how long they stay online while surfing the Internet or doing any other online activity. This leads to social isolation, physical problems like back pain, headaches, and weight gain due to an extreme sedentary lifestyle.
TAI can be associated with other addictions such as drugs, alcohol, tobacco, or sex. too much has been associated with other disorders such as depression, anxiety disorders, and attention deficit disorder.. Other physical problems include visual problems, headaches, back pain, etc.
In Internet addiction difficulty in controlling impulses predominates, And the following is valued:
1. Excessive use
It is associated with wasting time or giving up the most basic needs.
Understands feelings of anger, tension, and depression when the computer or connection is inaccessible.
This includes the need for better equipment i.e. more memory for the computer, more hours of use, equipment upgrades, etc.
4. Negative repercussions
This includes behaviors such as lying, seeking social isolation, etc.
Specific symptoms of online gambling addiction
Internet gambling disorder raises criteria specifically related to Internet gambling addiction. gift the following clinical evaluation and diagnostic criteria:
- Online games are becoming the most important activity for the person.
- Tolerance is generated, as with all addictions; it takes longer and longer to get full.
- Even if you try, you cannot stop using the Internet to gamble; there is a lack of control.
- He lies about the time spent gambling online, especially to family members and the healthcare professionals involved.
- He loses interest in other hobbies that involve giving up gambling and adopting a less sedentary lifestyle.
- A state of irritability and anger occurs when time has passed without playing.
- You tend to miss out on meaningful social connections as well as opportunities to get a job or start projects.
In most cases, dependent people do not take any treatment. however, those who manage to ask for help significantly improve their quality of life. Addictions are approached in a multidisciplinary manner, psychotherapy is an essential factor in the intervention. Each person needs an individualized assistance plan for their case.
The goal is restore and improve each of the important areas of life, Physical and mental health, family relationships, social contexts, work and all environments deteriorated by drug addiction.
In this way he seeks to achieve increased impulse control, better self-esteem, greater recognition and regulation of emotions, And get coping strategies and tools to avoid relapses.
On the other hand, it is very important monitor internet use by minors, In addition to being interested in knowing what children are doing at school, who they interact with, what activities they do outside and inside the house, etc.
You should be concerned about the places they visit on the Internet, the people they communicate with on the Internet, and the level of knowledge of the technological aspects they have. As with television, children often become addicted to and abuse the use of technology if they are not helped to manage time.