Asperger’s syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder included in autism spectrum disorders. This is a fairly well-known problem today, which is distinguished by the presence of difficulties in social interaction and communication (although its level of development is normative), the presentation of a pattern of behavior and d ‘interests. Restricted and monotonous and sometimes hypersensitivity to stimulation.
In Asperger’s syndrome there is no need for an intellectual disability and language development is normative and this happens correctly, although their communication is not fully effective and they have problems with aspects such as literalism and pragmatism. On the other hand, raising children with this type of disorder can be complicated if you don’t know how to properly stimulate them to overcome their difficulties and limitations as much as possible in areas like communication and socialization.
In this article we will see a series of possible activities to do with children with Asperger’s in order to stimulate them and gradually improve their capacities.
Asparagus: aspects to consider
When developing or carrying out different activities that can help children with Asperger’s syndrome, it is necessary to take into account the particularities that this disorder represents for these minors.
First, children with Asperger’s syndrome often present with orn high level of interest in a particular topic or stimulus, Such as computers, music, trains or dinosaurs. In many cases, they become great experts in these areas. This theme can be harnessed to connect with the child, generate a greater social bond, and can be used to generate interest or help them understand other areas.
It must be remembered that these are minors who tend to be very literal, analytical and objective. They will therefore tend to prefer that the activities they carry out are based on or can be solved using logic. They also feel confident with repetitive and routine elements, as the changes are a bit difficult for them to assimilate.
Another relevant element is the literalness with which these children often understand language, being difficult to grasp the ironies, double meanings or the figurative meaning of many expressions. Learning the skills to identify these types of messages can be a daunting task, although it can be very difficult. They also tend to have difficulty identifying emotions, so engaging in activities that can promote this identification and can be very helpful.
Those who suffer from Asperger’s syndrome it is often difficult for them to communicate successfully and have difficulty communicating. In addition, too much stimulation can overload and disorient them. This is why the games and activities carried out there must allow them and encourage interaction with others but at the same time without forcing them to do so and while respecting their living space.
Examples of activities with Asperger’s children
Here are some activities that encourage stimulation in children with Asperger’s syndrome. Most stimulate communication and socialization, In addition to encouraging some other skills.
1. The mirror
Imitation games are a good way to encourage the child to focus on the behaviors of others and to learn different skills and behavioral sequences. This way, it can be used as a course for learning actions. This can be done between two people or in a group.
One person stands in front of the child or group of children and does an action for the others to emulate. The actions to be imitated can be very simple at first, becoming more complicated as the child acquires mastery of the skill in question. It also promotes the establishment of emotional bonds and communication.
2. Pass the ball
A very simple game that encourages communication and observation of features. It is based on the fact that the participants (the family or the class group) pass a ball to each other, tell each pass a characteristic of the person to whom the ball is sent.
Interpretation is often a complex matter for children with Asperger’s disease. Through games such as the pictorial in which pairs are formed which must be interpret what the other draws without more cluesIt is possible to stimulate the ability to interpret what the other is communicating. Interpersonal relationships and language are encouraged.
4. Theater / Role-playing
Acting out a scene can be a fun way to get children with Asperger’s syndrome to integrate outside perspectives. Be a doctor, teacher or cook, or engage in activities such as shopping can help you develop your theory of mind and empathy in the experience of a role other than one’s own. Besides, it can also help you learn more skills in some basic skills.
5. Mimicry: tell me how I feel
One of the areas in which people with Asperger’s disease have great difficulty recognizing other people’s emotions, for example from facial expression. They also often have difficulty recognizing and expressing their own emotions. Working on this recognition is essential.
For this, a feasible activity is the representation of specific emotional states modeling. It can only be done with the child with Asperger’s disease or in a group. The adult must select an emotion and represent it by mime. After the performance, you just need to explain a situation where you might feel this way. The child must try to guess, from several options proposed in advance, which emotion is being worked on. After that, he will have to try to represent her himself.
6. Film fragments
The use of short films or film fragments can be effective in improving the recognition of emotions. Before visualizing them, some typical characteristics of the expression of certain emotions will be explained. You will then receive cards featuring a face representing the emotion in question. Several selected scenes are then broadcast in which an emotion is expressed, and the child in question must assign a face to each of the scenes broadcast.
7. Creation of schedules
The rules and tuning routines are very important elements for children with autism spectrum disorders, because it allows them to have a record of what is going to happen soon.
Making a visual calendar with the child they can recognize can be helpful in making them feel safe. Especially when dealing with young children, it is common to use pictures and photographs representative of an activity and stick them on a cloth using Velcro, so that they can have a more vision. or less clear of what to do at any given time.
8. Games based on construction and elaboration
The use of activities in which children with Asperger’s disease can observe and use logic models can serve both develop their cognitive skills as for calm in moments of anguish. An example is the use of puzzles and construction games such as LEGO. Also the creation of crafts and the use of clay and plasticine. It is used to develop your fine motor skills and your creativity.
9. Share teaching
The fact that children with Asperger’s syndrome often have narrow interests that they can become great experts on can be leveraged in a number of ways. One of them is based on exposing and teaching their knowledge about the topic that interests them. It is possible thanks to this type of activity encourage interaction and encourage the autonomy of the child, As well as his leadership ability.
10. Games and physical activity
The practice of a physical activity is essential to develop psychomotor skills. It is recommended to do sports in which they can be introduced gradually, without the need for sudden contact with a large group of people. Games that may require the use of turns are also recommended, so learn to respect other people’s time. Games like the English Hideout or the Wall Sink have rules that are easy to understand and apply.