28 questions about bullying to spot violence in the classroom

Bullying is a phenomenon which, although it has probably existed since ancient times, did not gain media attention until relatively recently. We are facing an act of continued abuse and harassment over time, it can have devastating effects on those who suffer, both physically and psychologically.

Often, the suffering of children and young victims of bullying remains hidden either by fear or shame on their part, by the law of silence which is often common in classrooms on the subject or even by the lack of abilities, tools or knowledge of responsible adults to capture or deal with acts of aggression (unfortunately, sometimes without even being ignored and underestimated). This article raises a number of possibilities questions about bullying that might help detect the existence of a case in the school context.

    Table of Contents

    Bullying: The Basic Concept

    By bullying or school harassment we mean any type of relationship between peers in which an unequal relationship is established in which one or more subjects commit any type of willful act aimed at harming, harassing or harming in any way. to another person or to other persons.

    Victim (s) are somehow subjugated by abusers, Which act persistently over time. These abusive relationships arise either in the school context or between subjects linked to their coexistence in an educational establishment.

    Abusive acts committed can be of a very diverse nature and to be carried out both directly (attacking a subject clearly attacked) and indirectly (promoting his exclusion, discrediting him or looking at him through networks). Bullying can include physical assault, name calling or harassment, theft, active marginalization of the child, posting and sending material to networks in which they are directly criticized or assaulted (including videos ), coercion, identity theft or even any induction into suicide.

    In this area, it is important to keep in mind that not only are there an aggressor and an aggressor, but there are also witnesses acts that are likely to promote or prevent harassment or that are simply not involved. Teachers and the educational institution, as well as families, also have an important role to play. You can work from very different angles (prioritizing prevention and treatment of existing cases) and with the different agents involved.

    But in order to be able to work with and stop bullying situations, you first need to be able to spot the existence of cases. Several organizations use it for this different tests and questions that can be used to perform this detection.

      Questions about bullying

      Below is a series of questions about bullying that can be used to identify instances of bullying in school, prevent it, or uncover attitudes and beliefs around bullying (some of which were extracted from tests offered by organizations such as the Ministry of Education).

      these questions they can be done in the whole class group, to individual students (Whether they are witnesses, assaulted or attackers) or even teachers and relatives. They can be done via a questionnaire (if you can be anonymous) or via an individual interview.

      1. Can you tell me what it is like to be in your classroom?

      This question can be used to visualize the general climate that is breathed in the classroom and whether the child in question feels comfortable there or not.

      2. What do you think of your classmates?

      Still similar to the previous one, this time the emphasis on the student’s relationship with other classmates. From the answer, you can deduce whether or not there are specific issues in this regard.

      3. Have you noticed conflicts between some students in your class?

      While it may be normal for there to be small conflicts between peers, this question allows the subject to assess whether they are frequent or have frequent protagonists.

      4. Do you know anyone who has ever been assaulted or insulted by a classmate or student?

      This question allows the subject to indicate whether a case has already been viewed or has been able to witness it.

      5. Do you know what bullying is? Can you tell me what it is or give me an example?

      Knowing what bullying is is essential in order to be able to detect a caseKnowledge of the concept is therefore very important. Students and teachers.

      6. What types of bullying in school do you know and what do you think?

      Although bullying in school is a topic we talk about often today, in many cases we don’t know everything that is involved or it is not considered to be an act that bullying actually is ( for example, promoting the marginalization of a particular person or creating a WhatsApp group to laugh at a person), considering as such only physical harassment.

        7. Do you think new technologies and social media are often used to hurt other people?

        Today, children and young people tend to be connected more and more in advance to networks and can report the existence of cases of bullying arising from their use.

        8. Do you know of any instances in which a student has been or is frequently assaulted or insulted, or attacked through networks?

        By entering the subject, the subject in question can respond and indicate his knowledge or ignorance of current or past cases.

        9. Do you think that bullying of students is a problem in this center?

        Students are the ones who see and experience these situations firsthandThus, they can easily indicate if any type of harassment is taking place. This question can also be asked of teachers or family members.

        10. Has this ever happened to you?

        A direct question, but which will allow the child to express whether he has had a similar experience or if he is living it today.

        11. Have you ever felt intimidated or threatened in class?

        Bullying is very common in cases of bullying at school. It can also detect the presence of dominance attitudes in some students.

        12. Has anything ever been stolen or hidden from you? Do you know anyone this has happened to?

        What may seem like a game to some students may hide the intention to offend or cause great pain to a particular person. In the event of theft, moreover, goods or goods are stolen from him and sometimes with violence.

        13. Does anyone in the class have a nickname?

        Degrading nicknames are one of the most common and common types of harassment.

        14. Can you tell me what happened / happened?

        Assuming the answer to any of the above is positive, it’s important to know what happened.

        15. Is it something continuous over time?

        It is necessary to identify if the problem or aggression happened at some point or if it is a common thing, or if it is still relevant.

        16. Can you tell me when and where the problem started?

        Assuming the answer to any of the above is positive, putting the situation in context can help with working and understanding how well established is the problem or type of harassment?.

        17. How do you think someone would feel in this situation?

        This question seeks to get the person being asked to try to put themselves in the shoes of someone who is being bullied. It can be preventive to think about the situation of the victims.

        18. In your opinion, what consequences can bullying in school have on those who suffer from it?

        In this case, knowing the consequences of harassment for the main affected is assessed, which are often only partially known or ignored.

        19. Have you ever seen someone record or take pictures of someone else without their permission? What do you think about it?

        This question provides information on the use of audiovisual material against the will of the recorded or photographed subject.

        20. Have you ever seen a post or a group on the Internet making fun of a classmate?

        Cyberbullying is a form of bullying at school which is more and more prevalent today, and questions like this can help detect cases.

          21. How do you feel when this happens to you? What if you saw what happened to someone else?

          Expressing emotions and thoughts about it allows you to relate the possible experience of harassment or to empathize with those who are suffering from it. In addition to being able to encourage self-reported or visualized experiences and detect cases, this can serve as a preventive measure.

          22. What do you think of someone who harasses others?

          Putting yourself on the skin of both the bully and the bully can allow better detection of the phenomena and situations related to harassment. In addition, knowing the bully’s reasons can be used to curb the bullying of classmates.

          23. What do you do when this happens?

          Whether the individual has suffered or seen another suffer from bullying, answering this question allows us to open the debate on how to act in this situation. Also in the event that we are dealing with a confirmed case this allows us to see what the miner tried to do and whether it caused an effect or not.

          24. What do you think should happen to get the problem resolved?

          This question can allow the individual being asked to indicate possible means of solving it and putting it in the shoes of other people.

          25. Why do you think some students mistreat others? / Why do you think it happened?

          This question can get you thinking about things that cause abuse, which can be helpful in preventing an affair or for an abuser to voice what they consider to be the reason for the bullying.

          26. In order to resolve this type of case, it is important to seek help. Did you explain it to anyone? What if it was an anonymous thing?

          It is important to understand the importance of reporting or reporting harassment in order to be able to take action. In some cases, too, this is not done for fear of reprisal. it might be useful to set up some kind of anonymous reporting mechanism.

          27. Would you be willing to do something to help the person being bullied?

          This question allows to reveal if the subject to which it is asked has done or would do something in order not to allow a situation of harassment or if he would inform in case of being present at an act of these characteristics.

          28. Do you have any questions about what we have been working on or do you want to add something?

          Even if there is no initial answer by the time the initial question is asked, it is possible that before the end of the conversation, a witness or a harassed subject decides to explain what they saw or lived. create a space for him to express himself can be very helpful.

          Bibliographical references:

          • Castillero, O. (2017). Cyberbullying: network harassment. Analysis and intervention proposal. University of Barcelona.
          • Salmivalli, C., Kaukiainen, A. and Lagerspetz, K. (2000). Peer aggression and sociometric status: gender and type of aggression matter. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 41, 17-24.
          • Trustee the Ombudsman. (2006). Coexistence and conflicts in schools. Extraordinary report. Barcelona: Catalan mediator.

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