Dyslexia is a disorder that affects reading; boys and girls who present it in general are often quite misunderstood and find it difficult to express their emotions about their situation because they are ashamed or afraid of not meeting the expectations of adults.
In this article we will look at various activities for dyslexic children, Which, in addition to helping them improve their reading ability, are also effective in improving their quality of life in general terms. We will also go over the concept of dyslexia to dispel any doubts about its composition.
What exactly is dyslexia?
This learning disability primarily affects reading abilityBut as side effects it has other implications; mainly impaired writing and reading comprehension. It also sometimes occurs alongside other learning and developmental disabilities, such as dyscalculia.
The process of relating letters to their respective sound in phonemes is damaged or slowed down, which implies limitation in trying to understand written words.
Many people mistakenly think that dyslexia is a visual problem when it really has nothing to do with it. this disorder it only affects aspects related to language, And there is no organic damage to the brain that explains its presence.
If dyslexia does not go away, especially as the child grows, there are several ways to monitor and educate the little ones so that they have better academic and social development, both at school and the House.
7 activities for boys and girls with dyslexia
The following list includes a number of psycho-educational resources which they will be used to support dyslexic children.
1. Take control of your own body
It is common for young children with dyslexia to have complications when learning about their own body; that should be the first thing we invest in to help. A good idea to do this is to show the parts of the body in drawings, so that the child can pair them with labels that have everyone’s names written on them.
2. Help with spatio-temporal orientation
Young children with dyslexia often have problems establishing space-time relationships. For example, it is difficult for them to remember when it is said above and when it is said below, when it is before and when it is behind, and it is the same with temporal notions like before or after.
A good idea to enhance this look in children is to use playful activities with cubes, By asking them to place the cubes in a precise order that we will indicate, so that through our indications the child can correctly internalize the notions of space-time.
The instructions should be fairly specific. For example, you may be prompted to place one bucket in front of another, then behind, and then ask which cubes you ordered first, so that you can correctly establish the differences between before and after.
3. Encourage the habit of reading
In general, dyslexic children they don’t like participating in reading-related activities for fear of having to face their limits. It is essential that we take care to help the child overcome this fear and to help him become more involved in reading.
The idea is that together you can start to read and analyze the read text. The right way to read to a dyslexic child is to tell them step by step what is going on in the plot while we ask them questions about what they think might happen next. The goal is for the child to leave behind the fear he feels when reading and become more actively involved in this activity
Once we have finished telling, we can ask him to research the main ideas or tell us a different ending to the story.
4. Crosswords and letter soups
It is important that children do not feel pressured to do things either by an adult’s imposition or because they feel they have to meet all the expectations we place on them. To do this, you need to add a playful component to these activities for dyslexic children, which reveals that learning and progressing at each stage is not the only objective of these actions.
Word games, such as crosswords and letter soups, among others, work well for boys to learn while playing.
5. Spell the words
Spelling helps boys with pronunciation and the order in which they should sort the letters. The recommended is do it like it’s a game so the little one doesn’t feel pressured or angry when they’re not doing well.
6. Rhyming activities
Helping them rhyme words is a way for them to make their own associations between the meanings of different terms. You can ask him to use words that are familiar to him and try rhyme with new words you give him in writing.
7. Meaning and synonyms
Synonyms are another way for the child to begin to familiarize himself with and properly internalize the correct use of letters and related phonemes. We have to let the little one tell us what the words we are going to say mean to him. We can use the words from the reading material used in school.
- American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Fifth edition. DSM-V. Masson, Barcelona.
- Roca, E .; Carmona, J .; Boix, C .; Colomé, R .; Lopez, A .; Sanguinetti, A .; Car, M .; Without, A. (Coord.). (2010). Learning in childhood and adolescence: keys to avoiding school failure. Esplugues de Llobregat: Hospital Sant Joan de Deu.