7 key ideas for understanding child psychology

Child psychology is a fascinating area of ​​research and intervention, in addition to being one of the most important.

Knowing better or worse about how children behave, think and feel can have very important implications for their physical and mental development. It is not in vain that childhood is a stage in which we are particularly sensitive to what is happening around us, and if we do not have the right knowledge or the right supervision as parents and guardians, the consequences can be very negative.

Therefore, in the following lines we will see a selection of fundamental ideas belonging to the world of child psychology, With which it is possible to better understand the little ones.

    7 keys to better understanding the psychology of the child

    These are several key ideas that deserve to be known as parents, guardians or educational professionals to help children develop.

    1. Children are not incomplete adults

    One of the most mistaken ways to understand what childhood is is to believe that boys and girls are like adults who lack components.

    It is much more appropriate and realistic to understand that they have their own way of thinking and feeling, and even as they grow older their minds will evolve, They are already “complete” people on their own: they create their own explanations on what they do not know, they develop their own way of playing and relating to each other, they create their codes of behavior in all areas of life, etc.

    2. Childhood is not a career to be learned

    Some try to ensure that their children learn as much as possible in the shortest possible time. It is a mistake; in childhood, the possibility of enjoying free time, socializing and playing is essential, in addition to being an inexhaustible source of learning carried out spontaneously.

    3. The children’s referents are the rest of the children

    Another key idea in child psychology is that as adults who raise them, give them affection and help them educate them, our role is very important in fostering the proper development of children. However, the vast majority of little ones have children of their own age or a little older than them as their main references.

    It is a natural thing and is not inherently bad; nothing is happening so that our children do not adopt our values, our tastes or our way of thinking, and of course, it is totally wrong to try to “force” that. What can be done is to allow these ideas, knowledge and values ​​to be available in the home where our children are growing up, so that if they are compatible with the way they are, they have the opportunity to make them their own. . as well as.

    4. They need an environment with stimuli, contact with others and affection.

    Scientific research shows that all children should have regular physical contact with other people and environments containing a variety of stimuli. Otherwise, they can develop serious psychological and psychiatric disorders. In any case, most households and families already meet these conditions.

    5. Curiosity drives their learning

    Curiosity is one of the hallmarks of childhood, And it is through it that most learning situations take place. Therefore, there is no need to shame them for asking too many questions, even though it may drain our patience.

    6. Incentives are much more effective than punishments

    In the medium and long term, create an incentive system (Not necessarily material, they can also be symbolic or be based on praise and admiration) It is more effective than punishing the little ones when they behave badly. This way, it is easier for them to come and share their goals with their parents or guardians.

      7. Imagination and play cannot be unleashed

      Typically, boys and girls who do not have the opportunity to play alone or accompanied will not have so many opportunities to imagine.

      The habit of losing in imaginary situations is an extension of the game that occurs by interacting with the environment.: Instead of manipulating toys and exploring places, imaginative elements inspired by stimuli that the little one has encountered in the real world are manipulated and explored.

      Therefore, being able to play, read, watch movies … all this gives them more references with which they can create imaginary situations that are more interesting and rich in nuance.

      Bibliographical references:

      Berk, LE (2015). Infants and Children: Prenatal to Mid-Childhood (7th ed.). London: Pearson. Cromdal, J. (2009). Childhood and social interaction in everyday life: introduction to the special issue. Journal of Pragmatics. 41 (8): pages 1473-1476. Grotewell, P .; Burton, Y. (2008). Early childhood education: issues and developments. New York: New Sciences Publishers, Inc. Taylor, LC; Clayton, JD; Rowley, SJ (2004). Academic socialization: understanding the influences of parents on children’s academic development during the early years. General review of psychology. 8 (3): pages 163 to 178.

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