The emergence and development of new technologies related to information and communication (ICT) it revolutionized both the way we interact with people and the agents around us. The scale of this revolution was such that its influence on the educational environment was inevitable.
Throughout this article we will analyze the advantages or benefits of using ICT in education, As well as any precautions or obstacles that may be encountered during its use.
What is ICT in education?
The use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in academic and school contexts has increased dramatically over the past 10 years, especially in countries and societies that have more alternative education programs and innovative.
Thanks to the implementation of new technologies by the school, the way in which current education is delivered has undergone a revolution, as ICT can promote enrichment, complementarity, enrichment and, therefore, transformation. of everything. an education system.
Because of the many benefits that ICT can bring to education today countless educational projects are being developed to enhance their use. In addition, given the way these technologies coexist more and more with people, it is very useful for academia and schools to integrate this new digital culture.
In addition, ICT offers the possibility of building up a large base of a wide variety of content and knowledge, which can be shared online and adapted to the demands, needs and interests of each student. Create databases of information that students can use whenever they want.
However, it will be necessary to adapt these technologies in order to squeeze them as much as possible as an educational tool. For example, with the creation of virtual learning communities in which students play an active role in their own teaching.
Finally, the use of new technologies is an almost intrinsic habit of the new generations, so including them in the daily life of the school makes this environment a context that is in tune with the tastes and hobbies of young students.
9 benefits of ICT in education
In addition to being a useful tool for teachers in terms of finding and presenting information, ICT they have proven to be extremely beneficial in terms of the learning process and student motivation.
Here are the top 9 benefits of applying new technologies to academia and academia:
1. Potential increase in interest in certain topics
There are some subjects that tend to generate less interest in students than others, this fact can cause frustration among teachers, who sometimes lack the resources to arouse this fascination in students.
however, thanks to tools such as animations, videos or multimedia exercisesStudents may see their interest heightened with the positive repercussions that this entails.
2. Increased motivation
As mentioned above, in the new generations the use of new technologies is the order of the day, so the areas in which they cannot find them can be demotivating.
Therefore, the use of ICT in schools can lead to increased motivation it offers a way to learn in tune with their customs and hobbies. Using digital tools can be a new way to learn in an engaging, easy and fun way.
3. Facilitates communication
Thanks to new technologies, communication between students and teacher can be much easier and more accessible. Traditionally, the student has played a passive role in this way; however, thanks to the possibilities offered by chats or e-mails, they can be useful in resolving doubts, sharing ideas and content, etc.
4. Encourages cooperation
New technologies can provide a common digital space that promotes cooperation not only among students as a tool for group work, but also for teachers to share their knowledge, experiences and cooperate with each other.
A large number of studies carried out in schools have shown that interactivity between students improves learning processes. Therefore, if we use ICT as another tool for communication and exchange of ideas between students we will encourage thought processes.
6. More autonomy
Due to the wide range of information that can be obtained with the implementation of ICT in schools, students may be able to choose and decide which subjects or subjects arouse them more curiosity and increase this content. by searching and selecting information.
This means greater decision-making capacity and empowerment of student autonomy.
7. Continuous intellectual activity
All the advantages or benefits described above have as a direct consequence the continued intellectual activity of the students. In other words, ICT improves continuous and conscious thinking as well as cognitive development.
8. Strengthen initiative and creativity
In addition and as a consequence of all of the above, the proper use of ICT encourages the development of creativity and initiativeAs students develop new skills that allow them to learn on their own.
9. Promotes digital and audiovisual literacy
Through the use of ICTs themselves, the learning and development of the skills necessary to thrive in the new digital age we are entering is encouraged.
Precautions to be taken into account
However, like most teaching methods or dynamics being tested and implemented, ignorance of the proper use of ICT can lead to a number of disadvantages. In order to be able to avoid and correct them in time, it will be necessary that teachers and students receive special training which will guide them in their behavior when using ICT.
Some of these drawbacks include:
- Development of addictions to new technologies.
- Non-specific or reliable information.
- Dependence on classmates or teachers.
- Social isolation.
- Physical or visual problems.
- Interference with privacy.