The world of children is ruled by its own rules and in some ways adults find it difficult to interpret them. In childhood, life is lived differently and the psychological facet of the little ones does not have to be easy for caregivers to understand, whether they are parents or guardians.
This is something to consider, especially when assessing the importance of recognize the signs of childhood anxiety over time, To be able to stop it. In this article, we will talk about this phenomenon, which is more common than it seems.
What is childhood anxiety?
Childhood anxiety occurs when, during childhood, children feel that their experience at some point, or at a larger stage, is overwhelming them, with no clear or relatively simple solution.
While childhood anxiety disorders are a pretty specific thing that shouldn’t happen in every case where a child feels anxious, the latter phenomenon is more common than previously thought. Situations that improve their appearance this is, for example, education based on punishment, the existence of bullying or bullying, the obligation to attend many extracurricular activities, etc.
Thus, we can say that childhood anxiety is a psychological and physiological phenomenon in which the person enters a state of sustained alert, Experience symptoms based on rumination (obsessive thinking followed by a ‘loop’) and overactivation of the autonomic nervous system that negatively affect one or more areas of the child’s life, such as family life, apprenticeship in the school he attends, etc.
Symptoms of anxiety in boys and girls
Of course, childhood anxiety has something in common in how all human beings, regardless of their age, experience anxiety. However, the symptoms are expressed differently, because the vital moment in which the little ones find themselves involves, of course, other ways of interacting with the environment and trying to adapt to it.
Thus, although in practice each case is unique, in general, childhood anxiety is reflected in the following symptoms. Not all of them should indicate the continued presence of anxiety, but if some of them occur at the same time, they probably are.
- Fear of being left alone.
- Tics and semi-automatic stereotypical behaviors (pulling hair, biting nails, etc.).
- Need to be in physical contact with the caregiver at all times.
- Anxiety attack during separation from caregivers.
On another side, in the case of anxiety disorders, other more specific symptoms may appear depending on what the problem is. For example, in the case of phobias, seizures occur in response to specific stimuli.
How to help anxious children
Here are some tips to help toddlers cope and ease their anxiety.
1. Give clear role models
Many times, anxiety appears as a reaction to a chaotic environment, which is not understood. For example, it is not uncommon for childhood anxiety to arise in experiences where a contradiction is perceived in the rules of behavior to be followed at home.
This is why it is important to be consistent with these rules, not forcing the little ones to obey arbitrary and changing rules, And most importantly make sure they understand and understand why they heard it, even through very simplified explanations of their usefulness.
2. Communicate more and better
At a certain age, young children already they are able to express in words what makes them feel bad. The fact that their cognitive abilities are not yet fully developed does not mean that their point of view should not matter; in these cases, quite the contrary.
The fact that a child feels protected by an adult makes him lose his fear of the environment, because he feels that even if he makes a mistake and does something wrong, the presence of caregivers will make him a mattress or a shock absorber.
4. Give them affection
Not all stimuli need to be based on information expressed in words. Signs of affection are essential for good development in childhood, and in fact, it is necessary to build on this for boys and girls to develop adaptive hooking styles.
5. Explain to them that they shouldn’t feel bad.
When you feel anxious, it’s easy to fall into the trap of blaming yourself. This also happens in the case of boys and girls, so it should be clarified that this is a phenomenon that we consciously can only influence indirectly.