Children of genius: what they are, their characteristics and examples

Every now and then, we hear of specific cases of children with great cognitive abilities, capable of great feats that not only surpass those of their peers, but even those that an average adult would be capable of. Some of them have since come to do great works throughout their lives, and have been classified and named Children of Genius.

But, What is a genius child? Let’s take a look at it throughout this article.

    What do we call the children of genius?

    He receives the consideration of a genius child, this minor subject who throughout his development is characterized by from an early age demonstrate above-average cognitive ability in at least one or more intellectual areasBeing by definition gifted or talented, which manifests or crystallizes at some point in one’s life in the generation of some kind of work or product of great impact and creativity.

    These children are characterized not only by their great intelligence in all or certain areas, but also by a very great capacity for motivation and interest in learning and developing their knowledge. For this same motivation, they tend to show a strong commitment in this development, to the point that they tend to go beyond what others do and even older and more experienced subjects.

    Another major factor to consider is that children are geniuses they also exhibit a considerable level of creativity. It is these factors, and not just intelligence, that will help the child to develop and generate his labor.

    In fact, although in the past the genie was one who had an IQ of 180 or more, the finding that the CI is insufficient to explain and measure the real ability of these miners, that people with a detailed CI have done great work. showing superior ability and that many other influencing factors have changed that consideration.

    It should be noted that the denomination of genius of child should not be made in the absence of any work or product in which the subject crystallizes his skills. And through work we are not necessarily referring to something artistic, But can also refer to a theory or conceptual framework in any of the sciences that is revolutionary or creative.

    It is also common that, like gifted children from a young age, they tend to be alert and curious (curiosity is something that is present in most genius children), as well as the fact that they have a great capacity for concentration. too much it is common for them to have academic problems and have below average emotional control and tolerance for frustration.

    In some cases, this can predispose them to anxiety attacks, depression and other similar issues, and it is not uncommon for them to be able to demonstrate good management and even leadership skills. They may show more sensitivity and empathy for their peers or the environment, although they may have difficulty in this regard (genius children diagnosed with Asperger’s are now known).

      Differentiation from giftedness and young children

      It is common at the popular level to regard giftedness and genius as synonyms. But while they certainly have a lot in common (both have high cognitive abilities, great creativity, and strong intrinsic motivation), the truth is, they don’t necessarily refer to the same reality: not all genius children need to be gifted (although this is usual), not all gifted children are genius children.

      To begin to see the differences, it is necessary to underline that the consideration of the genius of the boy depends on the fact that this one throughout his life generates a type of work that receives this consideration: although the existence of a talent or gift may be visible in overall performance a child’s genius is only visible when performing a work highly valued by society. In other words, its ability must be demonstrated de facto with a remarkable product. Thus, a gifted person does not have to be genius.

      It should also be borne in mind that the gifted child is characterized by an IQ of at least two standard deviations above the average (especially above 130), which is manifested in most domains and types of intelligence.

      The genius child also has a superior intellectual capacity, although it is not always necessary for him to show this in all areas: it is possible to be a genius in a particular type of intelligence. In this way, a genius child can be gifted or talented (a concept which implies intelligence above 130 in one or more skills but not in the majority).

      It is also important to distinguish between the genius child and the precocious child: the precocious child is one who has advanced abilities that would be typical of his age, which is still common among the gifted and the geniuses do not. do not have to involve the gift itself.


      There are many examples of children who have been considered geniuses throughout history, some of which may serve as an example are as follows.

      Pablo Ruiz Picasso

      One of the most famous Spanish painters of modernity, Pablo Ruiz Picasso was also a child of genius. This artist, who learned to paint alongside his father, to perform his first work at the age of eight: The yellow chopper.

      Throughout his life, this important painter and sculptor developed different techniques and styles, and over time he broke with the use of the perspective of the time to together generate Georges Braque his own style: cubism. .

      Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

      One of the best-known children of genius is Mozart, the famous composer, who from the age of five, he had made several compositions which began to gain him recognition at court. In fact, his first symphony was composed at the age of eight. Educated by his father in music, from an early age, he showed a great interest in learning and the great works in which the young man

      crystallizing his skills throughout his life earned him the recognition of a genius boy.

      Gregory R. Smith

      Gregory Smith is the name of another genius kid, although it might not be a household name, but the truth is we are dealing with a young man who already has four Nobel Peace Prize nominations and who received the first of these at age. of twelve. He was already able to solve math problems before the age of two, Who graduated at the age of nine in high school and at the age of ten began a career in business administration.

      this young man he is also known as an international speaker, And fought to defend childhood and peace. He is also the founder and president of International Youth Advocates, which he founded at the age of ten. He also studied mathematics (he is president of the Mathematical Association of America), history and biology.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Sastre-Riba, S. (2008). Children with high abilities and their differential cognitive functioning. Journal of Neurology, 46 (Suppl. 1): S11-S16.
      • Tannenbaum, AJ (1998). Programs for the gifted. To be or not to be. Magazine for the education of the gifted; 22: 3-36

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