Denver test: what is this assessment tool and how it is used

Psychological assessment (test) instruments are classified in several ways. Among these criteria, we can consider what we want to measure, because we have to apply a test that allows us to assess exactly what we need.

The Denver test, for example, Is an instrument designed to assess and measure psychomotor skills, as well as the physical and intellectual development of children. It is applicable to children up to 6 years old.

In this article, we will talk about the features of this test, we will see what is possible to measure, and we will also review the method of applying and correcting this psychological test.

    What is the Denver test?

    The main objective of the Denver test is measure children’s physical, intellectual and psychomotor development capacities, To determine if these are consistent with their chronological age or if there is on the contrary a certain delay in terms of development in one of these areas. It may also be that above-average population responses for children in this age group are evident.

    Depending on the results obtained by the child, then the specialist proceeds to generate a personalized treatment plan for this child taking into account their individual capacities.

    This may translate into an advantage for the subject being evaluated because although it has limitations in a specific area, the test will also show where its strengths are; it allows the assessor to have a broader view of the individual’s particular situation.

    Another advantage of the Denver test is that it allows specialists determine the degree of maturation of the central nervous system (CNS) since the development of physical, motor and intellectual skills is a faithful reflection of the development of this system.

    This tool has been designed based on the standards of children with adequate maturation in relation to the areas assessed by the test; this establishes clear scales for these skills and children’s developmental development.

    In other words, it allows us to corroborate whether the development is going well taking into account the average of the population. Furthermore it is effective in monitoring subjects, And could be applied after some time to determine the progress of the case.

      What exactly does this test measure?

      The Denver test is designed based on four specific domains, which are divided into 55 reactive elements. Let’s see how it is.

      1. Social personal space

      allows to measure the child’s relationship with the environment around him; that is to say, the way in which it develops in the social domain.

      2. Fine motor zone

      This area focuses on the level of precision a child can have, accurately assessing fine movements, which involve concentration, coordination, and subtle manual skills. For example, draw or write.

      3. Language domain

      This part of the test is responsible for determining how is the process of learning languages ​​in children, As well as their ability to listen and communicate in general terms.

      4. Domain of gross motor skills

      Unlike fine motor skills, thickness represents all those movements of a more imprecise nature, which involve a greater degree of coordination of the whole body. For example, painting a box or throwing a baseball.

      Method of applying this test

      Now let’s see what is the correct way to apply the Denver test to our population of children. The relationship with the child must first be established, So that he trusts us and stays calm.

      It should be performed in a controlled environment, where unplanned interruptions do not occur. The request is individual in nature and to help the child feel calm and confident, it is ideal if parents or guardians are present during the application process.

      Although the instrument consists of 55 reactive elements, as mentioned above, the child should answer only those to the left of his age line.

      initial step

      The assessor will draw a line connecting the four scales of the instrument to the chronological age of the child (fine motor skills, thickness, language and social space).

      second step

      It is necessary to observe the subject carefully during the answering process and to take note of the significant aspects during the time it takes for him to answer the exam, which would be as follows:

      • Check that the child performs the corresponding tasks.
      • Check to see if the child is failing to complete a task that 90% of children their age do.
      • Notice if the child stops doing homework but he still has time to realize it later, which is atypical in the population of this age.
      • If the child does not wish to collaborate, it will be tried during the next session.

      Necessary material

      These are the materials needed for a proper Denver test application. If you don’t have exactly the ones mentioned below, you can replace what is missing with other identical features.

      • Balls of yarn.
      • Bell.
      • Tennis ball.
      • Bullets.
      • Sonall.
      • Bottle with screw cap.
      • Graphite pencil.
      • 8 cubes of 23 mm.

      Interpretation of data

      Since this this is not an intelligence testChildren should be avoided in this regard. We will only be responsible for reviewing and assessing whether they are complying with the activities that the average population of children their age is able to do.

      Based on this and taking into account the specifications of the manual, specialists issue a diagnostic fingerprint.

      The child’s personal factors should be taken into account at the time of the request, such as whether they slept well the night before, whether they ate well before the session, or whether they are feeling anxious and scared during the process. devaluation.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Borowitz, KC; Glascoe, FP (1986). Sensitivity of the Denver Developmental Screening Test in Speech and Language Detection. Pediatrics. 78: 1075-1078.
      • Lipkin, PH; Gwynn, H. (2007). Improving developmental screening: combining the opinions of parents and pediatricians with standardized questionnaires. Pediatrics. 119: 655-56.

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