Despite research and advancements in teaching and learning, in recent years the techniques and resources used in classrooms have changed relatively little compared to traditional teaching procedures.
However, this fact begins to change and the change is evident, among other things, with the emergence of educational strategies. Throughout this article, we will talk about the features of these, as well as their form of application, uses and benefits.
What are the teaching strategies?
The concept of teaching strategies refers to the set of the actions that teachers take, in a planned way, to achieve certain learning objectives specific.
More specifically, didactic strategies involve the development, by the teacher, of a learning procedure or system, the main characteristics of which are that it constitutes an organized and formalized program and that it is oriented towards learning. achievement of specific and previously set objectives.
As mentioned above, so that these procedures can be applied on a daily basis in the academic field, the educator must plan and schedule this procedure. To do this, you must choose and refine the techniques that you find most appropriate and effective to achieve an effective teaching-learning process.
Thus, in addition to the planning of the procedures, the teacher will also have to carry out a work of reflection in which all the possibilities that exist within the teaching-learning process will have to be taken into account, in order to then make the decisions concerning the techniques and activities that you can use to achieve the goals set.
These techniques or ways of proceeding in the school environment may result particularly useful for the transmission of particularly complex information or knowledge, As well as for lessons considered as arduous or complicated as certain mathematical procedures or the beginning of reading may be.
Finally, these strategies appear in response to traditional teaching methods. The reason is that these new systems, in addition to compensating for the shortcomings of traditional teaching procedures, they tend to be more stimulating and motivating for students, which increases their level of attention and helps improve academic performance.
How are they applied in education?
At the beginning of the article, we already mentioned that one of the main characteristics of teaching strategies is that they require prior planning and organization. For these strategies to be applied in the classroom, the teacher should take into account the following aspects:
- Establish specific objectives to be achieved in a specific subject, discipline or learning.
- Have the necessary knowledge for the transmission of information.
- Anticipate and prepare all those materials or objects that will be needed for teaching.
- Emphasize the important aspects of the information you want to convey.
- Promote the association of theoretical knowledge with the practical aspects thereof.
- Encourage student autonomy when developing their own learning strategies.
- The educator must be aware that his role is only to facilitate learning and guide the acquisition of learning strategies.
- Perform periodic evaluations to check student progress.
In addition, it is necessary to consider these didactic strategies they start from a constructivist vision of teaching. It also means that in addition to developing the construction of learning, the techniques and strategies used will need to be changed according to the progress of what students.
Likewise, when setting goals, the educator should start from the student’s knowledge base; a prior assessment of these can therefore be particularly useful.
The use of this type of didactic strategies promotes the acquisition of knowledge and skills previously considered important or as objectives. However, despite this planning, the educator must ensure that these objectives are achieved or achieved.
To do this, these techniques must be just as new and different from those used in the traditional way. The tools and activities carried out as part of the didactic strategies they should be attractive and interesting to studentsThis ensures that they maintain their attention throughout the class.
What advantages does it bring?
The daily use of didactic strategies in the classroom, Has many advantages to achieve much more effective learning. Initially, these techniques promote greater involvement, both of the teacher and of the student, in the teaching-learning process, also generating interaction dynamics in which the teacher and the student. group of students work together in the construction of learning.
This way, students acquire an active role, developing a sense of responsibility in relation to their learning. In addition, the development of student autonomy encourages the creation of their own learning strategies, which can also be applied to other similar areas, generating feelings of self-sufficiency and usefulness.
Finally, if the correct development of didactic strategies is carried out, the educator will be able to optimize the acquisition of knowledge, by promoting the learning of the pupils of those capacities or competitions which have been pre-established as important.