Dyslexia is part of a broad classification, that of Specific Learning Difficulties (DEA), and is a literacy disorder which is characterized by the difficulty understanding written texts, As well as to distinguish or memorize letters or groups of letters, among other problems. People with dyslexia suffer from this disorder despite having adequate intelligence, good socio-cultural opportunities and proper education.
Dyslexia is a factor that affects the school dropout and is one of the most common learning problems (accounts for 80% of learning disability diagnoses). This disorder mainly affects learning to read but also writing. More boys than girls have dyslexia, and it is common for this disorder to occur at the same time as dyscalculia, dysgraphia, or ADHD.
A dyslexic person’s reading is slow and full of inaccuracies, as he makes mistakes with long, infrequent words, although he usually reads short, familiar words more quickly.
Causes of dyslexia
Although there has been a lot of debate to clarify the causes of dyslexia, most research seems to indicate that has a neurobiological origin, With a significant hereditary burden and with a predominance of a phonological deficit leading to learning difficulties in reading.
The symptomatology of dyslexia can differ from person to person, so it appears that different affected brain regions are involved in the performance of literacy.
Treatment of dyslexia
Treatment for dyslexia should include two important agents for the school-aged child: teachers and parents.
The work of teachers is very important because they have to do specific educational work for the child. Parents are responsible for providing the necessary emotional support, as dyslexia can have negative effects on a child’s self-esteem. Parents are an important figure in a successful recovery.
The teacher’s rehabilitation work should aim the child to recognize letters through different techniques, twisting or laterality exercises, etc. Therefore, the teaching methodology should be different from that of other students without dyslexia. It is important for the educator to try to keep the child calm and not to feel pressured.
Psychological therapy can also be very helpful, as dyslexia can often cause other types of problems: anxiety, depression, psychosomatic symptoms, and behavioral disturbances.
As mentioned, parents are responsible for demonstrate emotional support and take charge of chores at home as a child. Often, they also need to be educated to be able to intervene at home and so that their child’s disorder does not affect them negatively.
Advice for parents
Since parents play an important role in improving their dyslexic children, here are some basic tips on how to take action.
If your child has dyslexia, you should:
1. Solve the problem quickly
If you think your child has dyslexia, you have talk to your GP as soon as possible. Early intervention guarantees better success because treatment and school intervention will take the problem in its initial stages, when it is easier to go and resolve the symptomatology.
2. Work with your child’s school
Good communication with your child’s teacher will also help immensely. there must be better coordination between two of the educational agents most important to him. Do not hesitate to express your concerns to the teaching staff and to maintain an agile mode of contact to keep you informed of the child’s progress and of the auxiliary supports that may be necessary.
3. Give time to read
In order for the child to improve his reading ability, he must practice. This causes situations that stimulate your child’s reading. Of course, you have to keep in mind that straining too much can be counterproductive as you can generate an aversion to reading. Therefore, little by little and without haste, get him into the habit of reading as something pleasant and desirable, And he will get better upon coming in contact with the books.
4. You can be your example to follow
Try to read something that stimulates you so that your child sees you as an example to follow. Teach him that reading can be fun. Children do what they see in their parents: if they see you reading and enjoying with a book in hand, he will probably follow your example.