Early stimulation includes a series of exercises and activities that promote the psychomotor development of the child as well as his cognitive development. In this article we will see different early stimulation exercises for babies up to 12 months.
In each month of life, the exercises must be adapted to the abilities and skills of the little one. Let’s take a look at some of these exercises, organized by stages and by month.
Early stimulation (also called early attention) is based on a series of exercises for babies and children to have fun and through which their cognitive and psychomotor development is improved. These exercises also facilitate future learning.
Early stimulation can begin from birth to around 6-7 years of age, as it is during this time that the child’s thinking structure and personality develop.
This type of stimulation will allow you to make the most of the baby’s mental and physical abilities; this is why the task of mother, father or professional will be decisive, through appropriate activities with specific objectives that facilitate their optimal development.
Early stimulation exercises for babies
When a baby is born, one of its basic needs is physical contact, in addition to eating, drinking, sleeping, defecating and urinating.
babies they receive the first stimuli from their reference digits (Mainly from mother and father). It is important that from the moment they are born, their senses are stimulated by play, speech and the various exercises that we can do with them.
Early stimulation during the first 6 months
In the early stages (0-6 months), early stimulation exercises for babies they will help them gain flexibility, strengthen their muscle tone and prepare to explore the environment.
It is recommended that the exercises be performed at one time of the day when the baby is receptive and calm, and that their sleeping and feeding times are observed. You can start with five-minute sessions and gradually increase the duration, although they shouldn’t last longer than 10 minutes.
Exercises from 0 to 3 months
There are different types of early stimulation exercises for babies. Now let’s talk about what can be done in the first trimester of life (0-3 months). These exercises should be gentle and focus on help them gain mobility, discover new sensations as they become familiar with their first stimuli. Some of them are:
- Take your hands and feet and play with your fingers one by one.
- Perform hand and foot massages.
- Lying face up, he grabs the soles of his feet and brings his knees to his chest. Repeat 5 times with each leg and gradually increase the frequency.
- Lying face up, he grabs his hands and makes circular movements with his arms.
- Lying face up, show him a colorful toy 30cm away from his eyes and move him side to side so that he follows it with his head.
- Lying face up, he very gently brings the baby’s right hand to the opposite shoulder. Repeat with your left hand. Then cross both arms over your chest.
Exercises from 3 to 6 months
Exercises will change as the baby grows, As he will acquire motor skills. Thus, we will gradually add more complex exercises.
You can start with upside down exercises to strengthen the neck muscles; we will do them little by little and respecting their will to carry them out. Some of these exercises can be:
- Lying down, gently move the bike with your legs.
- Take your hands and play while clapping.
- Lying down, bend one leg while you extend the other and help him turn to the side of the outstretched leg. Repeat with the other leg.
- Lying down, grab him by the arms and slowly hang him up in a sitting position.
- The upside down baby places toys in front of him so he tries to grab them.
Exercises from 7 to 10 months
As the baby grows, the goals and exercises will adapt. So early stimulation exercises for babies they must always be adapted to the physical and psychomotor characteristics of the child. Some exercises that can be done between 7 and 10 months are:
- Draw different pictures of animals, make the appropriate sound for each one, and tell them to tell you how you taught them. For example, when you point the cat at him, do “mine, mine”.
- Let the child touch the food with their hands. Do you take one of the foods I touch in your mouth, so that it connects texture to taste.
- Crawl around the house next to him, he will help you a lot, do this activity by crawling forward, backward, turning around and encouraging yourself to follow him.
- Place several items in a row and say “give me the car”; guide your hand towards the toy and once you’ve picked it up, gently pull the object out and praise him for giving it to you.
- Teach him to call a parent, for example, “call your aunt”, when that happens, clap him and keep doing it, until he says and looks for his aunt.
Exercises from 11 to 12 months
From 11 months to the yearSome of the early stimulation exercises recommended for this step are this step:
- Place your hands on a radio or speak so that you can hear the vibrations of the music.
- Teach the child to smooth the sand in a flattening bucket and beat it.
- Having fun in the mirror will teach you to distinguish image from reality. Make her look at herself in the mirror, she will soon start laughing and touching her portrait.
- Stimulate the activities with the same toy by saying: “Kiss the child”, “Rock the child”, “Feed the child”.
- Give him a chance to join you when you are doing housework, for example you can give him a rag to help you with any other activity you think he is capable of.
- Rovati, L. (2017). Early stimulation exercises for your 0-6 month old baby. Babies and more.
- Britton, W., Guerrero, S., Huanqui, M., and Malque, I. (2009). EARLY STIMULATION GUIDE FOR THE FACILITATOR. Adara Peru