Education in values: the responsible use of freedom

Society is currently going through a clear crisis of values. Moral ambiguity is the order of the day and postmodern relativism stronger than ever, perhaps because of globalization, which facilitates contact and empathy with other cultures, perhaps because of a decline in previously established values, doomed to systematic revision.

In both cases, it is no longer so clear what is good and what is bad. Some values ​​are replaced by others, sometimes contradictory, and the elderly hesitate to change while the new generations dismantle it and reassemble it.

One of the most devastating values ​​of recent years is freedom. Freedom of expression, sexual freedom, but above all freedom of choice, the right to choose. Often this value is questioned on the basis of the “more freedom, less security” argument and it does not really go astray.

    Education in values ​​and freedom

    From a pedagogical point of view, that some citizens were able to self-regulate, freely choose each of their stages while maintaining a harmonious coexistence, is a pure fantasy (in all senses of the word).

    However, the reality is there, and half of the thinkers think that man is a wolf to man. If as a society we allow too much freedom, there will be those who will use it for their own benefit.Despite the overruns, we have therefore created laws, security forces and prisons, which are still a mechanism governing this freedom.

    This tension is unbearable. We cannot on the one hand affirm that feminism consists in dressing as we want, but on the other hand condemn certain ways of dressing because they hypersexualize the figure of the woman, reifying it. On the one hand, we cannot educate our students through constructive learning, and on the other hand, we can rate their academic performance on a specific numerical scale from 0 to 10.

    The way this new wave of freedom flows is assist, as always, education in values. It is true that freedom is the path to optimal functioning in society, but this freedom, this ability to choose, gives us power, power over our lives and power over the lives of our fellow human beings. It can be written at any age: every great power bears great responsibility.

    Collective and ethical responsibility

    Freedom implies responsibility. I can have the freedom to dress as I please, but to act responsibly and choose an option that does not help maintain hegemonic values ​​of gender, harmful to my society and at the same time, legitimize another no one to choose the other option. Without judging her.

    Responsibility is not a constraint, it is not a prison. Responsibility is freedom, it is the ability to choose, but to do so wisely and thoughtfully. Choosing responsibly is not choosing “correctly” (there is no guarantee that we will choose “correctly”), it is simply not choosing lightly, knowing that what we choose can affect others as well as what we do. that others choose can affect us.

    that’s why we consider it very important to educate about the value of responsibility from an early age, And insist on it throughout schooling.

    It is essential to teach students to ask themselves what they can do to achieve their goals, to train them to recognize situations in which they have a kind of power that involves this responsibility, or to educate them to empathy and other social skills. More than anything because this period of change cannot be consumed if this value does not have the prominence it needs, and then it will leave us in eternal debates which not only will not put an end to the established values, but will create in many people the feeling of doing things contrary to their ideals, of falling into the discomfort known as cognitive dissonance, or of making them unable to choose one option or another, of falling into the known discomfort under the name of learned helplessness.

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