The best-known distinction is heteroparental, homoparental and single-parent families according to the biological sex of the parents.
In the heteroparental family, the parents of the same are of different sex, that is to say, man and woman.
In a homoparental family, the parents are made up of a same-sex couple (either two women or two men) and have one or more children in common.
A single-parent family is made up of a single father or mother with one or more children. Within this model, there are single mothers by choice, being relatively new and still quite unknown in our society this chosen form of motherhood, that is to say that voluntarily, sought, decided and wanted a group of women , they chose this path towards motherhood.
What is the psychological impact of these forms of family diversity?
The case of single-parent families
A study, conducted by researchers at the University of Amsterdam, found that there were no significant differences in child well-being and behavior or parenting stress between heteroparental and single-parent families.
The researchers observed 69 single mothers who had deliberately chosen to raise their children on their own and 59 mothers from heterosexual two-parent families with a child between 18 months and six years old.
Most of the single women and mothers selected in the study were financially stable, had a higher education, were financially solvent, and had significant relationships with their partners in the past. Emotional balance and capacity for resolution.
“Children from both family models evolve and maintain well-being in terms of well-being,” researcher Mathilde Brewaeys said in a press release for the study. “Single mothers of their choice and their children they have a good social support network“And this should be emphasized in the advice to women who want to have and raise a child without a partner.”
Previously, some studies have shown that single-parent households reflected lower outcomes due to stressors and coping factors that affected children without a parent figure, and could have a negative impact on their behavior, in which case differences such as childbearing. adolescent girls, unwanted pregnancies, low financial resources, lack of family support, among other factors.
With this, this latest research, presented in Geneva, shows that children of single mothers no longer show signs of conduct disorders than their educated counterparts in traditional families. Children with single-parent families by choice have the same results in all areas as those in families with two heterosexual or homosexual parents.
Brewaeys added that the flawed assumption that growing up without a parent is bad for children is simply based on the survey of divorced families who have lived through conflict. “Most likely, any negative influence on a child’s development depends more on a problematic parent-child relationship and not on the absence of a parent,” she said. “Single mothers by choice consciously make the decision to raise their children on their own.”
The case of homoparental families
A book from the American Academy of Pediatrics titled Technical Report: Coparent or Second-Parent Adoption by Same-Sex Parents notes that children growing up with same-sex mothers or fathers, they have the same emotional, cognitive, social and sexual balance as children whose parents are heterosexual.
Some people point out that children from homosexual families are at greater risk of addiction and / or criminality. In a research titled Delinquency, Victimization and Substance Use in Adolescents of Female Parents, examined precisely this approach, and the results indicated that adolescents showed positive results in emotional and cognitive development. These factors were unrelated to the family model.
Adolescents who have shown a closer relationship with their parents they showed less criminal behavior and low or no substance use, indicating that the quality of adolescent relationships with parents / parents / parents are the indicators that predict objective and accurate emotional development outcomes and not the family model in which they live .
Although the methodological challenges are enormous in dealing with phenomena as complex and multifactorial as the long-term psychosocial developmental outcomes of children, the combined literature from decades and research, as a whole, offers strong guarantees of reliability. and validity on the welfare of children. children educated by same-sex parents or a single parent.
Once again we find the scientific evidence, from the empirical results, allowing us understand, come closer and be able to unite more from diversity. As Newton said, “Oneness is variety, and variety in oneness is the supreme law of the universe.”
I hope this article will allow us to be even more aware of this reality, today’s society is characterized by the power of choice, providing great wealth, from the values and security that come with knowledge that a family is created (without labels) of fair and sincere principles, not to stigmatize or label, As these report ignorance and prejudice. But continue, to understand the true meaning of family, to unite more, based on the differences, on what we share, which makes us equal and different, unique and precious, of commitment and consensus for development emotional and cognitive balance of children, of the fundamental but simple principle of love that unites and characterizes each family, regardless of the model or name that accompanies this term, and not of the conflict that separates it.
“There is no such thing as a“ broken family. ”Family is family and is not determined by marriage certificates, divorce documents, and adoption documents. C. JoyBell C.