The psychological assessment includes among its variants the assessment of intelligence, which has been particularly important in the field of childhood. here we will talk about the Kaufman children’s assessment battery.
This not only assesses the child’s knowledge, but also the way he processes information, i.e. his style of processing, which can be sequential or simultaneous. Let’s find out the characteristics of the battery and which components are evaluated.
Kaufman children’s assessment battery: features
The Kaufman Children’s Assessment Battery, also known as K-ABC, was designed by Kaufman and Kaufman in 1983.
They include a series of tests that measure intelligence and academic performance. It is applied to children between 2.6 and 12.5 years old, and its theoretical foundation is based on cognitive and neuropsychological models.
This drum set is concerned with the style and type of treatment of the subject rather than the end result. In other words, it mainly focuses on information processing.
There are five subscales included in the battery: sequential processing, simultaneous processing, mental processing, knowledge and non-verbal scale. Let’s get to know them in detail.
The Kaufman Children’s Assessment Battery includes two types of global scales. Let’s see what they are.
1. Mental processing
It measures intellectual functioning, i.e. the type of information processing that the subject uses. This encompasses two types of processing: sequential and simultaneous. The scale represents the integration of these two styles of treatment.
Its measurement provides a good overall estimate of mental or intellectual processing capacity; according to the same authors, “intelligence is complex and probably the most intelligent behaviors result from an integration of sequential and simultaneous processes”.
1.1 Sequential processing
It measures the child’s ability to solve the problems that the elements present to him successively, One after the other. The stimuli are temporally and linearly related to the previous ones. This type of treatment consists of three subtests and requires analytical skills, successive or in series.
1.2. simultaneous processing
assess the subject’s ability to synthesize the information necessary to solve the problems presented. The different stimuli must be integrated and synthesized simultaneously to arrive at the right solution.
It consists of 7 subtests and requires holistic or Gestalt skills.
2. Academic knowledge
This scale assesses the knowledge and skills acquired in school or, more informally, in the environment. In other words, that is to say it aims to measure the knowledge acquired and the level of school learning.
The battery also includes a non-verbal scale for children with hearing difficulties or language problems. This scale is made up of different sequential and simultaneous processing subtests. The subtests are grouped into three blocks by age:
- Between 2 and 4 years: Includes facial recognition tasks, hand movements and triangles.
- From 5 years: Includes tasks of hand movements, triangles, analog matrices and spatial memory.
- Between 6 and 12 years old: Includes tasks of hand movements, triangles, analog matrices, spatial memory and photo sets.
The non-verbal scale can be administered through gestures, using minimal verbal cues; moreover, it is also answered by gestures.
Sheet music and performance
The battery uses CI (IQ) scores. To have a guiding idea of your scores, a CI less than 85 indicates an alteration (It would be 1 standard deviation below the mean).
Each item in Kaufman’s children’s assessment battery is rated 0 or 1. However, there is no bonus or “plus” for responding quickly, although there is only one response. proven, that of triangles. Points are also not earned if an item is partially answered or resolved..
In the Spanish adaptation of the test, the manual offers tables that allow the direct score to be transformed into scalar scores, percentiles and equivalent ages.
In contrast, the subtests of the Mental Processing Scale have a mean of 10 and a standard deviation of 3; on the other hand, those on the academic knowledge scale have a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. In addition, the mental, sequential and simultaneous processing scales they have a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15.
K-BIT by Kaufman
In addition to the Kaufman Children’s Assessment Battery, there is another battery oriented to perform a first screening, quick application and easy correction. It measures two types of intelligence: verbal and non-verbal.
Its application age is 4 years and up to 90. This test is an excellent measure of general intelligence, which includes two subtests:
- Vocabulary: expressive vocabulary and definitions.
- Matrices: abstract drawings and figures (eliminate cultural influence).
- Kaufman, A. and Kaufman, N. (1997). Kaufman Children’s Assessment Battery [Battery of evaluation of Kaufman for children]. Madrid: TEA.
- Cohen, RJ, Swerdlik, ME (2002) Psychological Testing and Assessment. McGraw-Hill. Madrid.
- Matos, MA and Mustaca, AE (2005). Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) and Generalized Developmental Disorders (GDD): Its Evaluation in Argentina. INTERDISCIPLINARY, 22, (1), 59-76.
- Amador, JA, Forns, M. and Kirchner, T. (2006). Kaufman Children’s Assessment Battery: K-ABC. Work document. Faculty of Psychology – University of Barcelona