Perinatal psychology: what is it and what functions does it perform?

Being a mother is one of the most amazing and rewarding life experiences you can have.. But this culminating moment in life also comes with many challenges, as the mother figure is extremely important for the growth of a child and has a decisive influence on how he / she develops in different areas of his / her life: the good. -personal being., academic field, work, interpersonal relationships, etc.

Although motherhood is a wonderful time and the feeling of motherhood will accompany a mother throughout her life, some mothers may feel lonely, suffer from anxiety before or after pregnancy, experience a complicated birth, suffer from stress in the face. to these circumstances or suffer from postpartum. depression, among many other psychological phenomena.

Fortunately, experts in perinatal psychology help mothers control these concerns or overcome emotional issues that can arise during the process of conception, pregnancy, and the initial parenting phase.

What is perinatal psychology?

Perinatal psychology can be defined as a specialty of psychology which covers all the psychological aspects present before and during pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum, parenthood. and the bond with the baby. Therefore, it provides knowledge and tools to help mothers or expectant mothers (but also fathers) to overcome the difficulties that may arise at these important stages of their life, and aims to provide them with the necessary psychological resources for them. increase their well-being and improve their quality of life, as well as that of their baby and, in general, that of their family.

Being a mother can bring new challenges, demanding, unstable times and can generate stress, so all the resources you have at this point in the life cycle will decisively influence your adjustment and the success of this transition.

Difficulties faced by mothers and fathers

Throughout our lives, people have to deal with different situations of change that require the necessary adaptation to be able to cope and evolve.. Motherhood / fatherhood is one of the most important stages of the transition, and it causes moments of great impact in an individual’s life.

In this context, the application of perinatal psychology is of great importance, which, according to the Spanish Association of Perinatal Psychology, intervenes in the following areas:

  • Fears and fears associated with childbirth and pregnancy.
  • Complicated and traumatic parts.
  • Emotional management of pregnancy and postpartum recovery.
  • Babies born prematurely.
  • Raise from an early age and infancy.
  • Breastfeeding difficulties.
  • Puerperium with difficulty bonding with the baby.
  • Awareness of the childbirth and cesarean experience.
  • Postpartum depression or other pathologies associated with this vital stage.
  • Loss of a baby and the grieving process.
  • Problems adjusting to motherhood or fatherhood
  • Development of a secure bond with the baby
  • Personal growth from conscious motherhood
  • Difficulty conceiving a child

How Does Perinatal Psychology Help Families?

One of the main tasks of perinatal psychology is to protect the mental health of parents and babies., It is therefore oriented towards prevention, support, diagnosis and treatment throughout the process leading up to the birth of a child. Psychoeducation is essential in this regard.

However, experts in this field intervene and act not only before birth, but also after, with the aim of fostering a healthy bond between parents and baby. The effect of the intervention on the parents is crucial not only for them, but for the family relationship in general and for all the actors who make up the family. Perinatal psychology promotes the abilities, skills and self-esteem of parents and addresses difficulties that may arise along the way.

When to seek help

Perinatal psychologists offer psychological support in a variety of situations.

1. Assistance before conception

Some couples may have difficulty conceiving. At other times, they just want to be prepared for that important moment in their life: the birth of a child. Perinatal psychologists, for example, can work with parents to change their beliefs about what it means to have a child if they are irrational, or they can work with parents to overcome past traumatic experiences, such as the loss of a child. child.

2. Prenatal and perinatal assistance

Perinatal psychology helps pregnant women who face emotional or physical challenges during childbirth, but can also be helpful in preparing for childbirth. Anxiety during pregnancy or fear of childbirth are psychological phenomena that some mothers experience.

3. Postnatal support

If the birth was an undue challenge or traumatic for the mother and / or the baby, the mother (and the father) can benefit from the psychological support provided by experts in perinatal psychology, who also offer help to overcome, for example, the postpartum depression.

    4. Family support

    The arrival of a new child (or when the birth was traumatic) not only changes the life of the mother, but the rest of the family members can also have problems adjusting in this context. Perinatal psychology is essential because it provides the necessary tools for parents and family in these situations.

    Where can I find a trusted perinatal psychologist?

    In order to benefit from this therapeutic practice, you must be in good hands. In Spain there are good professionals who offer the maximum guarantees of psychological assistance in this specialty, but you must find a trustworthy clinic, where you feel comfortable exposing your problem. If you are experiencing a situation similar to the one described in the previous lines, do not be discouraged because it is possible to overcome it.

    the Psychologists from the El Prat Psychology Center has some of the best experts in perinatal psychology, all with extensive training and experience. It is located in Madrid, uses short and effective treatments from an integrative orientation and is activated as a health center by the government of this autonomous community. The professionals of Prado psychologists put into practice different techniques so that you can benefit from the beautiful experience of being a mother or father and succeed in finding an emotional balance in order to live a full and satisfying life.

    This benchmark clinic is at the forefront of psychotherapy, and applies the latest advances in research and the most effective therapeutic procedures: clinical hypnosis, mindfulness, relaxation techniques and other techniques such as EFT for emotional liberation, etc. Its methodology does not exclude any therapeutic model, because its goal is to better adapt to the needs of each patient.

    • You can contact the psychologists at El Prat through this link.

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