Prevention and education are key to adolescent sexuality

Sexuality in adolescence is a subject that does not have the importance it deserves. However, for girls and boys to have healthy development and an understanding of their own personal development that allows them to see how their sexuality is involved in all aspects of their lives, it is necessary to take this issue seriously.

Ignorance of this sexual development can interfere with the process of structuring her identity so that she fits in well, and makes it difficult for the adolescent to prepare for her future as an adult with a life project made up of values, to guide decisions, desires. , dreams and achievements made with these values. In short, information and education on sexuality allow healthy and balanced development in all areas of young people’s lives.

In this article we will see what sexuality is and what aspects are involved in this stage of adolescenceand we will give a brief description of the main problems encountered by adolescents at the beginning of their sexuality.

    What do we mean by sexuality?

    Sexuality is an integral part of being human, it is a dimension that concerns us women and men, which leads us to come into contact with our emotions. It disrupts culture and transforms it; it allows us to feel, touch, contact and get closer to others to promote harmony from the inside out, to give meaning to our dreams, to our lives.

    The discourse of sexuality is invaded by many colors and shades, ideas, beliefs, practiced or not, experienced with guilt or pleasure. Currently, in Mexican society, where the lack of formal sex education is evident, entry into projects that undermine sexual life is facilitated; this is why the involvement of health and education professionals becomes an unavoidable necessity.

      Problems related to the non-education to sexuality in adolescence

      By not being aware of our experiences, attitudes and values ​​about sexuality, we facilitate blockages like desensitization, which make it difficult to experience childbirth.

      On the other hand, when you don’t love yourself, you don’t feel worthy of being loved for free. And when it happens to teenagers, they do they develop an idea of ​​themselves that to be liked they must do things to please others or someone they want to bond with (through friendship or dating), and they think they should put aside their feelings, values, rhythms, desires, and actions that are natural to them. As a result, they develop relationships where sex, love and eroticism begin to become dehumanized, making it difficult to experience sexuality through the need to seek out what adolescents do not develop in their self-knowledge.

      The roles in which adolescents evolve with their own experiences in their sexuality, they cover aspects of seduction, love and eroticism. The boys begin to feel seduced by their own bodies and take a liking to their body photography and share these images on social media to experience their eroticism as part of their new identity as teenagers.

      In contrast, when they feel pity, shame, or guilt for acknowledging their eroticism, they avoid being exposed to cameras or being seen in front of groups. The erotic experience stimulates growth and rebirth by sharing their existence on social networks or in social coexistence with friends, and this gives color to their way of living life; thus they can recognize their desires towards others, their will is strengthened, and with their friends they become one whole. In this way, everyday life takes a back seat and love appears, which is a state of being and manifests itself as wanting, desiring, constantly tending towards somethingand seek its expansion.

      When adolescents experience sexuality as a problem (they feel physically unsatisfied, feel guilty because they have been rejected at school by their peers, or have experiences at home that have caused them fear, sadness, disappointment or lack of love), their whole development is affected. of his sexuality as part of his identity on the way to maturation and formation as a future adult.

        teenage pregnancy

        Boys and girls who have sex as teenagers usually don’t take care to use some form of protection to avoid the risk of experiencing pregnancy. If no attention is given by parents to guide and provide the information or actions needed to foster the healthy development of boys and girls, the risk of unwanted pregnancies tends to increase.

        Some young people become pregnant because of psychological needs, such as not being loved by their parents, being neglected at home and trying to prove their maturity to their parents or trying to put themselves in an equal position with their mother. Sometimes they feel that the baby can give them unconditional love that they feel is missing in their life..

        Of course, in many other cases, teenage girls accidentally become pregnant.

        And also keep in mind that generally, the sooner you start sexual activity, the later you seek help to avoid conception or pregnancy with contraceptives.

        Some teenagers don’t know which contraceptives are most effective and don’t know about sexually transmitted diseases.

        However, most young people are aware of basic health issues, such as the fact that anyone can be infected with sexually transmitted diseases and the consequences can be serious. Corn they often reject the possibility of asking for help because they fear that their parents will find out and be ashamed.or they care that their peers know.

        The most common illnesses in adolescents are:

        • Syphilis
        • Gonorrhea
        • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
        • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
        • Genital herpes
        • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

        Usually boys they are more likely to contract these diseases in adolescence because they have little information about their bodies and sex education.. If we add to this the problems of personal development, these risks increase.

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