Bullying or bullying at school this is one of the most discussed phenomena in recent times, as there seems to be an increase in cases of violence in the school context. In reality, bullying has always existed, but right now it has a bigger media impact and its name may be more appealing because it comes from the English language.
This phenomenon has devastating consequences and, in some cases, fatal consequences for the person affected. In this article, we will delve deeper into the characteristics and characteristics of school bullies.
Types of bullying
The “brutes” or class thugs they can adopt different behaviors to encroach on fear and pain in the person being harassed, and new technologies have made it possible for bullying to not only occur in classrooms or schools, but many victims are even harassed through cell phones or computers. This is why we are talking about different types of bullying at school. They are as follows:
- physical intimidation: Includes physical contact such as kicking, punching, pushing or tripping.
- Verbal bullying: It is a type of bullying characterized because the bully expresses cruel words, threats, insults, etc.
- relationship bullying: It is the one whose goal is not for the victim to join the group. For example, don’t invite her to parties.
- Internet harassment: This requires new technologies, such as mobile devices or the computer.
- Carnal harassment: It is characterized by sexist or obscene comments, to touch the victim in intimate places or to push her to do something she does not want.
Consequences of bullying for the victim
Regardless of the type of bullying, the victim often suffers from serious problems in his life. Children may experience great panic and avoid going to school so as not to run into their bully.
The negative consequences for the victim of bullying they are, basically, these:
- Pathological stress.
- To feel guilty.
- Low self-esteem and negative self-concept.
- Poor academic performance and academic failure.
- Panic attacks.
- extreme anxiety.
- Bad reputation and low popularity.
- Social isolation and loneliness.
- Problems in their social relations.
- suicidal thoughts.
Psychological profile of the school bully
“Bullies” can have a wide variety of physical characteristics. They are tall, short, athletic, slim … However, in terms of their psychological profileIt is possible that many bullies have a number of common characteristics which we explain below.
1. Need to dominate and control others
People who harass tend to have autocratic personalities and engage in undemocratic behavior. They have dichotomous thinkingSo, for them, the only opinion that matters is theirs.
They like to dominate others and feel superior, as they usually have low self-esteem. That is why they look for “easy” and weak victims.
2. Explosive and impulsive temperament
These types of people are generally not emotionally intelligent and they don’t have great emotional control. They do not have self-knowledge skills and therefore are unable to manage or regulate them. His character is impulsive and they tend to explode to a minimum, giving way to his anger.
3. They love and feel energized by violence
There are people who feel energized by violence and like to use it to gain respect. Thugs seek to feel respected and fearedAnd resorting to violence is one of the best ways to make victims fear their presence. Moreover, they enjoy even more when the victims are humiliated in public, as it is an expression of their power.
4. Lack of empathy
One of the most salient characteristics of these individuals is their lack of empathy. They are unable to put themselves in the shoes of most of the people around them and that is why they are so hostile and cold. It is impossible for one individual to hurt another if he is able to visualize his suffering and put himself in his shoes.
5. Low capacity for self-criticism and low tolerance for frustration
Not being empathetic and possessing low emotional intelligence, “bullies” they are characterized by difficulties in recognizing their mistakes: In them, there is no self-criticism. These are people who often blame others for their failures, and even use other individuals to project their low tolerance for frustration. In other words, use them like a Turkish goat.
6. Intolerant of differences
Tolerance for the differences of others is one of the best virtues a man can have, and it is one of the keys to living in harmony with others. Respecting not only the difference in looks, opinions and ideas is what makes us great. Abusers are not tolerant individuals, But they think their truth is the only one there is. They tend to be full of hate and prejudice, so they tend to display sexist and racist behavior.
7. Rigid thinking
Intolerance makes these individuals possess a rigid thought. These are not people who like to talk (In the sense of exchanging different ideas and points of view) or having a positive attitude towards consensus. What does not correspond to your ideas or beliefs is wrong. They own the absolute truth and because they think theirs is the only truth there is.
8. They defy the rules
Bullies in school are usually boys with antisocial personalities, who are in conflict and who continually break the rules. And this is it antisocial personality is associated with any type of abuse. These individuals are characterized by irresponsible behavior and hatred is controlled. However, they use hatred and anger to control others.
They are manipulative people and their behavior always has a purpose: their own interests. They use blackmail scare their victims and they are people who lie. They always blame others rather than themselves.