School failure prevention: advice and recommendations

School failure is a problem suffered by millions of school-aged children and adolescents, and although it is expressed very clearly in grades and in the problems of passing the course, it has far deeper implications than can be reflected in a single number; in most cases, they condition the personal and professional development of young people as they enter adolescence and adulthood.

This phenomenon generates great discomfort both emotionally and relationally, all at a stage in life when young people are particularly vulnerable and sensitive to everything that affects the development of their personality and their self-esteem.

That is why in this article we will review several tips to prevent school failureto be applied by both parents and children themselves.

    What do parents do to prevent school failure?

    Here are some guidelines for parents to follow:

    1. Promote dialogue

    Dialogue with our child is essential throughout his childhood; this will allow us to get to know him more thoroughly and know first hand when he is having problems and how we can help him..

    In the same way, it is important to promote dialogue on a daily basis, so that our son is able to communicate to us any problem he may have and is ready to help him at every moment of his life, both in the event of academic failure than any other problem. This means not scolding him for nothing when he says he doesn’t understand something, or when he says he couldn’t do his homework because he can’t solve the exercises. In this way, he will know that he can count on our support, instead of treating homework and studies as something clandestine that he should not tell his parents in order to avoid unpleasant situations.

      2. Practice a style of positive discipline

      Positive discipline is based more on respect for people than on punishment, that is, on valuing above all the physical and emotional well-being of the child and facilitate their involvement in their responsibilities because of the desire to learn and improve in various areas of one’s life, and not because of the fear of being reprimanded.

      Putting into practice a model of positive discipline to educate our children, we will ensure that they grow up in a healthy environment, based on respect, love and understanding before any problems they may have. For this, it is important that we prioritize helping in the event of a problem in the first place, instead of adopting a hostile attitude immediately after learning that he has not done his homework, that he did not study, etc.

        3. Avoid the use of labels

        Saying things like “you were a bad student”, in addition to predisposing the boy or girl to adopt a defensive attitude towards everything related to school, will harm their self-esteem and facilitate their withdrawal – fulfill the prophecy: before starting to study or do his homework, he will “know” that he will not be able to and that he is therefore wasting time. That is why it is very important to deal with school problems without using such labels; it is rather necessary to concentrate on the verb, not on the numbers and the adjectives: “tienes problemas al hacer los deberes”, “te cuesta esta signatura”, etc.

        4. Set short and long term goals

        Setting daily short and long term goals is a good way to motivate our son to fulfill his school responsibilities; it is counterproductive to say that they must pass a minimum of X subjects at the end of the course or term.

        By combining short-term and long-term progress indicators, we’ll give them reasons to get involved in their studies knowing they can feel good within hours or days.

        This reward system should be speech-based; for example, by showing them that we appreciate their progress and that this is a sign of maturity, of their progress towards psychological maturity. We must make our children understand that the important thing is that they are responsible and that they fulfill their duty beyond material rewards.

          5. Maintain a constant relationship with the school

          Maintaining a two-way relationship with the school is also essential to deal with any type of problem our son may have, and this will ensure that we have a direct line with the school whenever we need it. , to deal with any problem.

          Whether our child has learning problems, academic or relationship difficulties, they can always be treated more effectively. whether communication with the school or institute is smooth from day one. And of course, we must not get defensive if the teacher talks about the difficulties of our son or our daughter, or, for example, if he offers remedial lessons.

          6. Don’t overdo homework

          Filling the holidays with hours and hours of homework with summer notebooks usually generates frustration in children and young people, leading them to associate school work with what separates them from fun and the possibility of disconnecting . If they do their homework, make sure it is done in very short sessions, so that they basically don’t completely forget what they have learned and have regular “reminders”..

          7. Encourage him to read

          Often the solution lies in simplicity; in many cases, the main problem that boys and girls have in school is that they have not developed a good understanding of reading, and for this reason, encouraging them to read novels or short stories is more effective than giving them extra homework.

          8. Use external educational support

          Sometimes we can also go to a private teacher to reinforce the subjects in which our son or daughter has more problems, making sure that it is a trained and qualified person for this.

          A private teacher can be the impetus our child needs to overcome his academic deficits and also the person with whom he learns, as well as knowledge, methodologies and useful study and work tips adapted to his case. Moreover, in this class format, it is much easier to ask questions about the program.

          9. See a psychologist if necessary

          Until the advice mentioned above has the desired effect, we can consider consulting a qualified professional in psychology specialized in the field of childhood and youth, especially if we suspect that there is an emotional problem or neurodevelopmental condition that prevents him from progressing academically.

          A psychologist will help us identify possible learning disabilities that the boy or girl may have and will teach us all kinds of guidelines, advice and knowledge that we can put into practice to improve their physical or emotional well-being, as well as their academic performance.

            What can you do as a student to prevent school failure?

            Here you will find several school failure prevention tips for students themselves.

            1. Find what motivates you the most and go from there

            All human beings have something that motivates them in life, that fills them and makes them happy. This is why you must find the areas of knowledge and skill development that motivate you to, from there, see which topics are most related to them. Once you link part of school activities to what motivates you beyond school, it will be much easier for you to learn and study practically without offering it, and in a fluid way.

            And when you have seen the progress you have been able to make in one or two subjects thanks to this source of motivation, your self-esteem will be strong enough not to be intimidated by the rest of the subjects which resist you more.

              2. Devote some of your free time to reading the type of books you prefer

              Make a Habit of Reading Fiction or Non-Fiction will make you quickly develop your reading comprehension abilitya fundamental aspect to face the challenges you face in school.

              3. Prioritize the organization

              Organization is key in all aspects of a student’s life, especially if you’re having trouble concentrating or getting through homework and homework. entrusted to the school or institute.

              Therefore, you should get used to organizing your pending tasks and daily schedules through a diary or notebook where you can write down all your responsibilities, making sure they don’t overlap, and you should also ensure that your workplace is clean, tidy and organized with all necessary school materials at hand, without having to get up every time to change things.

              4. Motivate yourself

              Set yourself small goals and rewards that you can access right after you successfully complete every study session or assignment you have in your day. Something symbolic, that reminds you that you’ve successfully completed the challenge you set for yourself, and sometimes a physical prize, like a snack you like.

              Do you want psychological assistance for people of all ages?

              In Adhara Psychology We work with adults, children and adolescents as well as families, to provide professional support based on the principles of humanistic psychology, adapting to the needs, concerns and particularities of each individual. We offer our services in person and online.

              Bibliographic references

              • Navarrete, L. (2007). Youth and school failure in Spain. Madrid: Youth Institute.
              • Rodríguez Dieguez, J.; Galician Rico, S. (1992). Language and Academic Performance, University of Salamanca

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