Adolescence is a stage of change and transition that both young people and adults in charge go through. During this phase of life one’s own identity is formed and therefore self-esteem is a conditioning factor in how this development is experienced.
In this article we will talk about self-esteem issues in adolescence and how we can prevent it from the house or nearby circles.
Self-esteem and adolescents
If anything characterizes the stage of adolescence, it is its complexity. The transition from childhood to adulthood has been accompanied by big changes at all levels: personal, social, family and academic.
How the adolescent copes with and resolves these changes will be heavily influenced by their self-esteem. Which will play an important role in handling these events and will be affected by how they are handled.
It is a time when young people feel a great need to be attractive to others and to be accepted socially, so interpersonal relationships play a huge role in shaping self-concept.
Being part of a clan or social group is essential for the formation of his own identity, so that it has a direct impact on the level of self-esteem of the adolescent.
Building your own identity
It is at this same stage that the degree of self-esteem that a person possesses can condition, both positively and negatively, relationships with others. In other words, a young person with low self-esteem will be more likely to encounter a number of difficulties in terms of using their social skills; On the other hand, a teenager with high self-esteem has a confidence that makes it easier for them to relate to others.
It is common that during adolescence, the self-esteem of boys and girls is not excessively high, as any event, no matter how small it may seem from the outside, can significantly change it.
Any trait or physical condition that may be perceived as unattractive or unattractive, such as body hair or acne, as well as a feeling of not being accepted or understood, is likely to profoundly decrease the quality of one’s self-esteem. the person.
Consequently, the construction of one’s own identity may be affectedAs happens throughout adolescence. A young person with low or fragile self-esteem may be afraid to show themselves as they are, as the fear of rejection is always present at this stage. It is therefore very likely that this will forge a first identity based on the pressures or expectations of the rest of the peers.
How to prevent self-esteem issues in adolescence
Although developing self-esteem is a personal job for the adolescent to do on their own, there are a range of techniques or tactics that can be implemented from home to help them and pave the way for home building. ‘self love.
Here are some tips or recommendations for parents, family or friends who don’t know how help teens improve their self-esteem.
1. make sure the house is a safe environment
Due to the need for acceptance, the adolescent may experience great insecurity in certain settings such as school or high school and a group of friends. Therefore, he must realize that, at least at home, he has the security he needs.
The house must become a place of trust, In which the person can perceive that he is loved as he is. Communication at home must be fluid and secure. In other words, the teenager needs to know that he can share his feelings without being judged.
Therefore, the mission of those who live under the same roof as the adolescent is to create a safe and appropriate environment that facilitates communication.
2. Sincere and natural communication
The level of communication between family members is as important as the quality of the family. Because through these exchanges of personal information, the adolescent will be able to perceive his family as a support and a resource of trust.
Active listening, patience and the right advice, Are essential to help build the self-esteem of young people.
While it is common for young people to tend to reject parental advice at this stage, they need to know how to gain the trust of their children and that the advice does not take on an obligatory tone, but is natural and spontaneous.
3. Praise and flatters
It is an unconscious but fairly common mistake not to praise or praise others every time something is accomplished or when they do something right. In addition to saluting successes, it is also necessary congratulate the efforts made despite not having achieved anything.
The teenage stage is a time when many mistakes are made. However, these cannot eclipse the rest of the success stories or efforts made to achieve their own goals.
It is difficult for the teenager to feel like his parents are really happy with them and sometimes they may perceive these compliments as bogus. To avoid this, praise must be provided at the right time and in proportion to the effort or the goal achieved.
4. Critical, always constructive
In cases where the adolescent makes a mistake or there is a need to pass judgment on their behavior, criticism can be used. But always constructively and never in an offensive or scandalous way.
The teenager needs to know what he has done wrong, as well as why he is critical and how he can improve. Making a negative criticism or judgment without merit or explanation will only lower your self-esteem.
5. Set limits and rules
The establishment of rules and regulations at home promotes the development of a sense of responsibility and, therefore, increases and consolidates self-esteem. however, these rules must be realistic and flexibleOtherwise, they can lead to more conflict at home.
6. Always consider the adolescent’s opinion.
The need to feel integrated is also transferred to the family environment. Include the adolescent’s opinion in decisions at home it will make you feel like you are part of something and perceive that it is important for family dynamics.
Teens appreciate when they are treated like adults, asking them for their opinion or suggestions will be a compliment that will have a positive impact on their self-esteem.
7. Stimulate interests and hobbies
Supporting children’s interests, hobbies or hobbies, as well as stimulating unregulated activities outside of school is of utmost importance for the development of self-esteem.
A teenager who he perceives that his parents support him in what he loves he is much more likely to achieve satisfactory results and achieve what he enjoys. It will strengthen your self-esteem and promote your own acceptance.
8. Advise on personal care and hygiene
If there is something that characterizes the period of adolescence, hormonal changes and their consequences on the body. This, added to the worry they usually have for their personal appearance, can cause them severe headaches.
Therefore, carefully and gently advise on personal hygiene, cleanliness and clothing will be extremely useful for them, they will feel more secure and strengthen their self-esteem.