The 12 learning styles: what are each based on?

Learning styles are the consistent way in which students respond to or use stimuli in the learning environment, i.e. the educational conditions in which a student is most likely to learn.

Therefore, learning styles don’t really refer to what students learn, but rather how they prefer to learn and, in many cases, how they find it easier to learn. Learning styles are a mixture of characteristic cognitive, affective and physiological factors that serve as relatively stable indicators of how the student perceives, interacts and reacts to the learning environment.

    Learning styles: what are they?

    There are people who find it easier to learn by observing, because colors or photographs help them learn more easily; while others learn best by reading and this is their way of studying. Have you ever wondered which learning style is most effective for you? The truth is that there is no one form of learning, but rather each of us tends to feel more comfortable with one learning style or another.

    In today’s article, we review the different learning styles. Do not miss them!

    Learning styles according to Alonso, Gallego and Honey

    For Alonso, Gallego and Honey (1995), authors of the book Learning Styles Learning and Improvement Procedures, “we need to know more about learning styles and which of these defines our preferred way of learning.

    It is essential for learners and teachers. The authors state that there are 4 learning styles:

    1. Assets

    Students who prefer the active learning style they enjoy new experiences, are not skeptical and have an open mind. They don’t mind learning a new task because they don’t avoid challenges, although it can compromise their idea of ​​themselves and their abilities.


    Individuals with a preference for a reflective learning style they look at experiences from different angles. They also analyze the data, but not without first thinking resolutely. They are cautious and do not rush to draw conclusions from their experiences, so they may appear doubtful.

    3. Theorists

    They generally have a perfectionist personality. They are also analytical, but they love to synthesize and seek to integrate facts into cohesive theories, leaving no heads to tie and unanswered questions. They are rational and above all try to remain objective.

    4. Pragmatic

    They are quite practical and need to check their ideas. They are realistic in making decisions and solving a problem, and orient their learning towards the need to provide answers to specific problems. For them, “if it’s useful, it’s valid”.

    Other learning styles that we can find

    But the above classification is not the only one that exists, other authors have proposed different learning styles. They are as follows:

    5. Logic (mathematical)

    People with a logical learning style prefer to use logic and reasoning rather than contextualize. They use diagrams in which the relevant things are shown. They associate words still without finding meaning.

    6. Social (interpersonal)

    This learning style, also called group, this is characteristic of those people who prefer to work with others whenever they can. These people try to share your findings with others. and put their findings into practice as a group. “Role play” is an ideal technique for them.

    7. Solitaire (intrapersonal)

    This learning style, also called individual, it is characteristic of those who prefer solitude and tranquility to study. They are thoughtful people who tend to focus on topics of interest to them and place a high value on introspection in “mental experiences”, although they can also experiment with the subject.

    8. Visual learning

    these students they are not good at reading texts but rather assimilate images very well, Graphics, graphics and videos. It is generally convenient for them to use symbols or create a visual shortcut when taking notes, as they memorize better this way.

    9. Aural (auditory)

    These students learn best when they listen. For example, during discussions, debates or simply with explanations from the teacher. While other students can learn more when they come home and open the class manual, they learn a lot in class, by listening to teachers.

    10. Verbal (reading and writing)

    Also known as language learning, students with this learning style they study best by reading or writing. For them, it is better to read the notes or just write them down. The process of taking these notes is a good learning tool.

    11. Kinesthetic

    These people learn best by doing, that is, by doing more than by reading or observing.. It is in this practice that they carry out analyzes and reflections. Teachers who wish to get the most out of these students should involve them in the practical application of the concepts they intend to teach.

    12. Multimodal

    Some people combine more than one of the styles aboveThey therefore have no particular preference. His learning style is flexible and he learns at ease with different learning styles.

    Understanding Learning Styles: What Is The Science Saying?

    Learning styles have more influence on learning than we think because they represent the internal experiences we have or the way we remember information.

    Researchers have been interested in this phenomenon and it is estimated that each learning style uses different parts of the brain. Here are some examples:

    • Visual: The occipital lobes at the back of the brain control the visual sense. The occipital and parietal lobes both manage spatial orientation.
    • Little finger: The temporal lobes manage the auditory content. The right temporal lobe is particularly important for music.
    • Verbal: In this style of learning, the temporal and frontal lobes are involved, in particular two specialized areas called Broca and Wernicke areas.
    • Kinesthetic: The cerebellum and the motor cortex behind the frontal lobe manage a large part of our physical movements.
    • logic: The parietal lobes, especially the left side, guide our logical thinking.
    • Social: The frontal and temporal lobes manage a large part of our social activities. The limbic system also influences social and individual style. The limbic system has a lot to do with emotions and moods.
    • Individual: The frontal and parietal lobes and the limbic system are also involved in this learning style.

    An approach to the theory of multiple intelligences

    Considering what has been said in the previous paragraphs, a theory that revolutionized the concept of intelligence makes a lot of sense. This theoretical idea arose when Howard Gardner warned that that indicated by IQ (CI) it is not the only form of intelligence that exists, And identified and described up to eight different types of information. According to this conception of the human mind, there are different types of mental capacities which in one way or another are relatively independent of each other and can be considered as types of intelligence. self-sufficient.

    Thus, learning styles could indicate the different ways in which people learn depending on the type of propensity they have, taking into account the intelligences in which they are increasingly less successful.

    • To learn more about this theory, you can visit our article: “Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences”

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