The tree of values is an activity mainly used to instill the principles of life. It is generally used in a childish population, but depending on the case, and with some adjustments, it could be useful in adults as well.
In the next article, we’ll go over everything about this technique, what is the main way to use it, and the contexts in which it could be used to motivate people.
What is the value tree and what is its purpose?
The Value Tree is designed so that people can discover what is really important in their life, which is to go through a process of self-discovery and realize which values define their way of being.
First, participants are presented with a series of values that are easily recognizable to them, with the intention of being able to select them and explain for themselves what the value they have chosen consists of.
In this way, they have the opportunity to recognize what is really important to them, and the facilitator has the opportunity to expand the participant’s prior knowledge about the value he has chosen.
The most common is that values are told through examples, stories and tales and other similar resources; so that the participants, who are usually children, feel more motivated to engage in this knowledge and put it into practice in their daily lives.
The values we work on most frequently are as follows; responsibility, respect for others, punctuality, order, perseverance, empathy, self-control, collaboration with others and non-violence.
However, this activity is easily modeled and can be used to teach any value deemed relevant., Depending on the framework in which the dynamics are applied. Not everyone has the same needs, and this activity easily adapts to the needs of the participants.
How does this technique work?
Although the technique can be practiced in various ways, depending on the convenience of the facilitator, it should always consist of three basic parts so that it can be applied well. Let’s see what they are.
1. Exposure of behaviors
In this first part the facilitator continues to show participants the range of available values, According to a number of behaviors. In other words, we don’t give them a direct explanation of each value, but we show them a situation in which each of the values to work on is involved.
2. Identification of the value
Second, after listening to the facilitator’s stories about each of the values to work on, participants should be able to clearly identify the protagonist’s value in each of the stories and examples given by the instructor.
This is usually done jointly, between several participants. Depending on the size of the working group, even small groups could be formed where they compete against each other to properly achieve more values.
3. Visual classification
Finally, once all participants or groups of participants have explained what the values behind each story are, the visual representation of those values is achieved, which is done in tree form.
This last phase of the dynamic consists of the participants to use their artistic resources to draw a tree, in which all the values that were previously worked on should be seen.
Usually the values are represented by the leaves of the trees or between the leaves of the tree. They must be sorted hierarchically, where the most important values for the subject are located at the top. Values that are not that important will go to the bottom of the tree.
Although this part of the dynamic can also be done jointly, keeping the same groups from the previous phases, it is important that the facilitator clarifies that each participant must create their own tree.
The expected results after the application of this activity have to do with the generation by the young people of a code of values on a personal level, which allows them to feel comfortable applying these principles in their daily life. . The tree of values is a technique that it greatly helps to establish good moral development in children.
In the case of adults, it is advisable to apply this technique to show them the benefits that they will start to have from the moment they start to implement these values in their daily life.
In general, the tree of values it is used in the adult population when it comes to subjects who participate in a certain type of rehabilitationWhatever the case, or also for those who are in the process of reintegrating into society.
- Vallès, A. (1999). How to change the behavior of children. Guide for parents. Madrid: Editorial Marfil.