Video feedback technique: what it is and how it is used in education and parenting

Seeking professional help to improve your own parenting style is always helpful and necessary, even if you are a good parent. However, sometimes it is not possible to be fully aware of what is wrong with raising children.

One of the techniques that help to be aware of mistakes when interacting with children is video feedback technique, Which basically consists of recording a daily situation between the adult and the child and analyzing what may go wrong.

Thanks to the development of mobile devices and video cameras, this technique is used more and more in the therapeutic field. If you want to know more and especially its usefulness for children in difficulty, keep reading.

    What is the video feedback technique?

    Video feedback technique is a type of intervention, used both in the clinical and social field of psychology, which allows a person’s behaviors to be recorded, to detect those that may be problematic and to do so. see, watching the recorded video, what needs to change.

    Entering the field of child psychology and, in particular, in relation to social services, the video feedback technique has important utility in detecting situations in which negligent parenting style is being implemented. Thus, the use of this tool is possible to capture situations that may pose an obstacle to the proper development of the child or even pose a risk to your own life.

    Watching the video allows you to create a shared space between the child and their caregivers, encouraging empathy and sensitivity on both sides. So, parents, once they are aware of how the child feels or of the issues that prevent them from developing properly, can change their parenting style in favor of better growth of their children. All of this is done while the therapist emphasizes the positive in the adult-child relationship.

    How is the application of this technique developed?

    Today, recording quality video in therapy is quite easy for professionals, thanks to the drop in prices of high quality cameras. Additionally, the videos can be easily manipulated, showing the sequences in which the problematic behavior is performed. However, it should be understood that any type of record is not valid. The recording itself should be structured appropriately, depending on how therapy should be developed and what behaviors are deemed relevant to highlight.

    In the first two sessions, children’s behavior is focused on, and in subsequent sessions, the relationship between caregiver and child is analyzed. Thanks to the fact that it begins with the behavior of the child and not that of the adult, it is possible to establish in a more solid way an adequate alliance between the caregiver and the therapist. Indeed, the parent or legal guardian does not feel attacked at the start of therapy and therefore does not feel solely responsible for what happens to the child.

    Thus, when the third session arrives and those which follow it, the alliance between the professional and the parents is sufficiently comfortable and secure for the parents to behave with total naturalness, showing their own parenting style without makeup and allowing the therapist to change as needed.

      Theories that support this technique

      The application of this technique is based on two theories that have been fundamental in explaining the emotional development of children, as well as in helping to better understand how children perfect their social interactions. Thus, the following two psychological theories can be highlighted as a basis.

      1. Hanging theory

      The video feedback technique was developed with this in mind the theory of conditions, developed by John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth.

      One of the pillars of the theory is that children seek the safety and care of adults, looking for caregivers who offer them these aspects.

      The behavior of these children will depend on their relationship with their caregivers. Ideally, your parents should be a source of security, care, and love. In this way, an intimate and warm relationship will be established, which will involve appropriate emotional development for the baby.

      According to this same theory, to develop a secure attachment, the child’s caregivers must have the ability to correctly and precisely perceive the signals emitted by the child and know how to respond to them.

      The goal of the video feedback technique is to get the child to establish a secure connection with his caregivers, first to detect any negligence on the part of their parents or guardians legal.

        2. Social learning theory

        Albert Bandura’s social learning theory has also been linked to this type of technique. According to the theory, individuals learn after observing how others are rewarded for behaving in a certain way.

        Many parents, whether through ignorance or neglect, don’t know how to deal with their children’s negative behaviors and only punish them to see if they can turn it off. Interventions using video feedback allow parents to show which aspects of their parenting style were not working and, by encouraging the positive aspects, to modify their children’s behavior in the most appropriate way.

        Additionally, by looking at examples of what should be done, parents in therapy can learn by observing how they should behave appropriately with their children.

        Key aspects when applying this type of technique

        Applying interventions using video feedback techniques is not as straightforward as it may seem. To do this, they must be taken into account a series of key aspects to be able to extract the maximum amount of juice from the technique.

        One of the main factors to consider is the relationship between the caregiver and the therapist. This is crucial to ensure the necessary duration of therapy, to encourage the involvement of parents or legal guardians in changing their parenting style and in modifying unwanted behavior in the child. It is very important to show the caregivers that the therapist is looking for the same thing as them, the well-being of the child, and to promote his good emotional development.

        For that, the therapist must show support to the family, Without judging her in case a mistake was made before coming to therapy. Family members need to feel heard, so it is very helpful to spend time with each of them to talk about any problems they have had, which could explain some mistakes when raising children. .

        Applying this technique should be fun and entertaining, as long as you are not faced with a real case of child abuse. Parents should not feel guilty and view therapy as some kind of punishment for not being able to provide their children with a secure grip.

        While the intention of this type of technique is to improve the behavioral aspect and to make parents and children see this is what had not worked until now, It is very important to highlight the positive points, such as giving them a roof to live on, clothes, food, Christmas gifts …

        Support technique for adopted children

        The social and emotional development of adopted children is influenced by their experiences prior to adoption. During this time, they may have suffered abuse of all kinds. But not only the pre-adoption period may have influenced them. they are too experiences during the first months with his new parents who, depending on how well these new guardians have been able to manage and the behavior of the child, may or not to have been a source of difficulties.

        There is extensive research in the field of psychology that argues that adopted children can suffer from developmental delays, including aspects of psychomotor, cognitive, emotional, emotional and social relationship difficulties. However, if adopted by families who know how to provide appropriate stimulation, these children show remarkable development.

        Despite this, is very common in adopted children who do not develop the disease for sure and, as a result, suffer from behavioral problems. Interventions focused on improving parenting style, such as the video feedback technique, are of great help in families with adopted children, encouraging improved emotional and social development in these types of children.

        Bibliographical references:

        • Juffer, F. and Bakermans-Kranenburg, MJ (2018). Working with a Video Feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD): A Case Study. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 74 (8), 1346-1357. doi: 10.1002 / jclp.22645

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