During the development and training of children there are several stages through which their physical, mental and emotional maturity progresses..
Knowing the elements that affect this growth process is essential for promoting well-being.
Elements of parenting that influence children’s development
I will begin by explaining the stages of development from the prenatal stage to early childhood, with the aim of showing a look at certain aspects of early childhood development, mentioning some of the situations that alter this development in early childhood and early childhood. certain difficulties that children come to have in order to live happily and in harmony.
This is the first step, and begins in the womb of the mother. It can be influenced by multiple external factors that can impact the development of the baby in the womb, such as maternal nutrition, the use of any drug, alcohol or tobacco, etc. These factors can cause irreparable damage to the proper training of the little one.
Thus, from our conception, our formation is determined by our environment even before our birth, through phenomena such as the food that mothers eat, the drugs they consume, the diseases they suffer from, the emotions they feel. . … all of this can affect the inside of the belly.
For example, in Switzerland, the deficit in iodine consumption in food has caused thyroid disorders which have resulted in physical and mental impairment; this is why iodine supplements have started to be prescribed to all pregnant women in these areas.
In mothers who manage to have a good diet, it has been shown that they suffer less complications during pregnancy and childbirth.. Mothers with inadequate nutrition end up having premature babies, underweight, or death in the womb or at birth. In this regard, it should be remembered that drugs can cross the placenta and have more negative effects during the first months of pregnancy.
Some antibiotics are harmful to the baby’s development inside the womb, and tranquilizers and even contraceptives can interfere with its development before birth, so it is important that when a couple wants to conceive they do. in a planned manner and complications are avoided. at this stage of gestation.
Arrival of the baby at home (birth)
This process involves the birth of the baby; if the delivery was accompanied by complications or if it is noted that he is drinking, he has a health problem, special precautions must be taken; in these cases, pediatricians usually suggest that parents take care of the baby with him early stimulation activities promote the cognitive, motor and emotional development of the child and not have language and learning problems or mobility in early childhood.
At this stage begins the bond between him baby and the parents by the care which it needs to feed it, look after it and protect it because it still depends entirely on its adults; If you are provided with an environment of protection and affection, your immune system will be strengthened, and the maturation of the nervous system in general and your brain in particular will proceed well, in addition to benefiting your healthy emotional development.
If the baby is stimulated and nourished correctly in the first months of life, healthy physical, mental and sensorimotor development is facilitated. Of course, if the responsibility lies solely with the mother and the father is not involved in first aid, the baby will tend to be affected in his physical and motor development. It is common for the little ones in such cases to start showing delay in being able to support their body unaided, and take a long time to stop and walk.
For some the problem is also reflected in the delay in the use of the language, or in which the child expresses emotionally an insecurity, a fear of separating from the parents, with expressions of a very distressing cry and difficult to calm down.
At this stage, the child begins to have very progressive intellectual development. and if you have had poor nutrition up to this point, it can affect a child’s ability to pay attention and interfere with learning.
Likewise, if there is a conflictual domestic environment around the child, the child may also be affected in his mental and emotional development.
At this stage the child’s relationship with the first caregiver is always very important, because it plays a very important role in emotional and social development.
When the bond between mother and child is healthy because there is affection (this protective figure looks at him, assists him, listens to him, smiles, talks to him, crawls with him and plays), that it becomes an active, emotional and reciprocal relationship, and the interaction strengthens and makes the bonds more vigorous.
The stronger the relationship between the child and the adults who take care of him, the greater the feeling of security of minors when they enter school for the first time and of being able to explore the world more easily. Later, this will allow them to develop the ability to form more intimate relationships.
Children who do not grow up in this environment with a close relationship with their mother or father may experience disorders such as anxiety, fear of their future, feelings of insecurity and great difficulty developing as a teenager. an identity, and the feeling of being so misunderstood with parents. and feelings of rejection.
For that raising in childhood is vitally important for the healthy development of later stages of childhood, such as puberty and adolescence.