Over the past decades, child psychology has received the importance and recognition it deserves as an essential therapeutic modality for ensuring the mental health and well-being of young children.
Fortunately, more and more parents are choosing to turn to a child psychologist to deal with any type of problem that may present their child at any level, and today there are more and more areas for intervention. in which a professional in this branch specializes. However, most people don’t know exactly what types of problems are approached when consulting a child psychologist. If this is your case, this article will interest you.
What are the main problems treated by a child psychologist?
If you want to know the main problems that a child psychologist treats, keep reading, because we will see their characteristics and symptoms (in the case of those that constitute psychopathology).
1. Learning disabilities
Learning disabilities are one of the main specializations addressed by child psychologists in boys and girls. These types of alterations have some of their causes in the functioning of the brain and affect an area essential to the further development of the child: correct learning at all levels of the educational system.
The early detection of this type of disorder will ensure that the child overcomes his problems in the school setting; on the other hand, if the learning disability is not detected in time, it can continue to cause many problems throughout the person’s life and because of these other emotional, behavioral or emotional disorders can occur. add.
The main learning disabilities are dyslexia or specific learning disability with reading difficulty and dyscalculia or specific learning disability with mathematical difficulty.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder it is a neurobiological disorder that manifests itself for the first time in childhood, More prevalent in boys than in girls, the main symptoms are inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.
To be able to talk about a case of ADHD, these symptoms must not be caused by another medical problem, and must interfere with the proper functioning of the child, which occurs very frequently.
Finally, it should be noted that ADHD is often associated with other disorders typical of childhood, including learning disabilities.
3. Behavior disorder
Behavioral disorder consists of patterns of antisocial behavior that often appear in childhood and are linked to aggressive and destructive behavior that affects public or private property or the physical integrity of others, such as vandalism and theft. Additionally, these types of disorders can be linked to irresponsible behaviors such as absenteeism.
The causes of behavioral disorder are considered to be multifactorial and consist of biological predispositions and as being caused by negative or unstructured family environments.
4. Lack of social skills
Lack of social skills in children are those that prevent or hinder the normal functioning of the child in a social environment with other people. this this results in a lack of friends, social anxiety, shyness and excessive introversion.
5. Behavior problems
Another area that child psychology professionals address in their consultations concerns behavioral problems of all kinds that a child or adolescent may present.
These types of problems are also based on a child’s willingness to break the rules, but they are less serious than behavioral problems.
The most common behavior problems are scolding in young children, anger management deficits, aggression or impulsivity.
6. Fears and phobias
Phobias and extreme fears that arise in childhood are other very common problems that can be present in the development of children until adolescence, and like many other disorders, need to be treated during childhood. so that it is easier for the person not to keep them when they reach. adulthood.
There are many types of fears and phobias that usually appear in childhood and adolescence, and as in adults, they have very different causes, but in this case are reinforced by the tendency to magical thinking of the most of the little ones.
Thus, the most common childhood fears and phobias are fear of the dark, social phobias, fear of imaginary beings, school phobias and phobias of certain situations or objects.
7. Self-esteem issues
Children’s self-esteem is the starting point for who they will be in the future. This is why such problems in childhood can be a real source of long-term discomfort for the proper development of the child both emotionally, cognitively and behaviorally.
These problems are currently one of the most common reasons for consultation with child psychologists, and the main problems with self-esteem in children and adolescents often arise at the social, family, school or body level (the latter can be aggravated – if in adolescence).
Trauma are intense, negative experiences that greatly affect the subconscious and, by extension, a person’s life. In the case of childhood trauma, these they can have a detrimental influence for decades on the sufferer if they are not treated in the first years of life.
A specific trauma can have many causes; the main ones are cases of sexual abuse or abuse, intense fear, bullying at school or the sudden death of a loved one.
9. Family problems
Family environment issues are also common reasons for consultation with child psychologists and family psychology or mediation specialists.
Family issues that a child psychologist often deals with are cases of parental separation or divorce, mismanagement of discussions about house rules, frequent fights with brothers or problems regulating the impulses of the little ones.
Finally, autism spectrum disorders can be highlighted as reasons for regular intervention by a child psychologist, given that these are psychopathologies that must be treated as soon as possible improve the quality of life of the people who develop them, since the symptoms appear in childhood.
These disorders are neurological and developmental disorders that affect the way a child communicates and behaves in society, as well as the way the child learns; in many cases, they are associated with intellectual disability.