As we already know, the process of human development is a bit complex and heterogeneous, and the physical and mental evolution and maturation of each of us is different and occurs at different speeds. However, it has been observed that although there are individual differences, as a rule there are different skills and abilities which tend to be acquired around a certain age. It happens practically from birth and different evolutionary stages can be found even from the first month.
Sometimes this can lead to some anxieties, especially in the first parents, in order to analyze if the development of their baby is normative or if it presents some kind of alteration. And in this anxiety it is often envisioned to observe behaviors or aspects that actually correspond to much more advanced levels. That is why, in this article, we intend to make a brief mention of the developmental milestones that a baby usually meets at the end of the first month of life.
What should a one month old baby do?
Human beings, like the rest of animals, are wonderful. From the first moment he is born, we are faced with a being with enormous potential who will eventually go far and master extremely complex and demanding skills, despite ignorance of the large number of processes involved. But for that it will be necessary a deep and prolonged process of maturation and development, In which he will gradually learn and acquire skills.
So many parents wonder: “What should my baby do in the first month of life? In this case, we are talking about a newborn baby. And already in this period, parents, relatives and professionals that we are dealing with will be able to see how they will begin to perform different behaviors and actions.
So, What can we expect in this period of development after birth? Let’s see this in different sections.
Babies’ muscles are still very poorly developed, their ability to move is very limited. In the first month of life, movement is usually minimal, limited to head movements (yes, you have to have support against something) with which it even follows sounds and can even lift it briefly. You can move your hands to his face and generally keeps them tight.
It is also common for him to perform spasmodic movements with his arms and legs, and this is a stage in which he can observe many biologically programmed reflexes. The visual check is not yet complete.
While they would actually be part of the ability to move, reflexes are a very special part because they are movements that are performed instinctively and innately. Most of them will be lost over time.
In a one month old baby, we can find reflexes such as blinking of the eyes in front of the light or those of the contraction of the biceps or the knee (also called patellar) in the presence of tapping on the biceps or mark. We can also see the flight reflex, in which the leg has some flexion in response to a painful sensation. One of the best known is the grip reflex, which allows the baby to hold it firmly when touching something in the palm of its hand.
Babinski’s reflection is also given, In which the toes are stretched and turned inward before the pressure of the outer edge of the foot, or the moor towards which before loud noises they extend the legs and hands later to narrow the arms forming a small barrier like s ‘he intended to protect his body.
3. Auditory perception
The sense of hearing exists in human beings before birth, being correct hearing from birth. But that doesn’t mean he’s able to recognize them. It will be towards the end of the first month of life that we will see how our baby is doing he begins to recognize sounds like our voice.
4. Visual perception
Vision is a sense which, in exchange for the ear, takes a little longer to develop. Throughout the first month of life, the baby is expected to be able to focus sight on things up to a maximum of about 25 cm. They also seem to be able to recognize the contrast between black and white. It is common for the gaze to focus instead on the outer contours of objects, Unless they show movement.
5. The sense of taste
Taste is like hearing an early sense of development. Sweet, salty, sour and bitter are recognizable a few hours after birth. In the first months and during childhood, sweetness is preferred (in the case of a one month old child, milk).
Obviously, a baby experiences different emotions. However, it should be noted that many of the emotions that we consider basic as adults contain cognitive and learned aspects that a one month old does not yet have.
Emotions which appear for the first time and which are already at this vital stage are considered to be surprise, pleasure, discomfort or pain and interest. Other emotions such as joy or sadness usually don’t appear clearly until months later.
It is well known that babies they spend most of their time sleeping or eating. In fact, they can usually spend up to twenty hours a day sleeping, which they exit in cycles of about four hours to feed.
The high number of hours a baby can fall asleep is not a concern (unless he is not active, eating or crying), but it is normal. Of particular note is deep sleep, which takes up most of a child’s sleep and is related to brain development.
As most already know, a baby’s basic form of communication is crying. However, it can also be seen as some children this age are starting to be able to use the ai le o, While we are not yet faced with a stutter.
A one month old baby’s ability to socialize is minimal and in fact cannot be considered as such as his actions do not obey an attempt at communication with his peers and do not even exist yet. However, it can be observed that children of this age they have a preference for displaying human faces, Being the one that most often catches your attention. Very young children can begin to use the social smile, although it is a bit more typical of the second month of life.
- American Academy of Pediatrics (2006). Caring for your young child: from birth to five years old. Bantam Books.
- Delval, J. (2004). Human Development. 21st century: Madrid.