There is a myth that ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) it is nothing more than a stigmatizing label used to designate certain minors who are more active and curious than normal, or who tend not to obey individual or school rules.
Nothing could be further from the truth: this is a very real neurodevelopmental disorder which, if not treated in time, will greatly affect a child’s quality of life, even beyond the academic field or his relationship with his parents. In this article, we will see what this is due to and why it is necessary to have professional help in the face of this type of psychological phenomenon.
What is ADHD?
ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder whose symptoms mainly occur in school and have to do with problems managing the ability to focus on the tasks at hand, as well as a tendency to constantly seek out sources of external stimulation.
For example, children with ADHD tend to be extremely agitated (as the word “hyperactivity” suggests), behave relatively impulsively, and have difficulty attending school in a school setting.
If when you think about it, it is generally associated with childhood, this disorder is still expressed in adulthood. however, It is especially in childhood that it is important to intervene to provide psychotherapeutic and educational support adapted to these people.Otherwise, they will accumulate education deficits which will not only cause them great discomfort, but also greatly complicate the challenge of being self-sufficient and trained individuals in adulthood.
Losing the opportunity to take advantage of the years of schooling has a very high cost that is “ingrained” and difficult to remedy when many years have passed since the onset of ADHD development.
In the role of psychological support for children with ADHD
Although so far we have seen a brief description of what this disorder is, the truth is that it is a very complex disorder that cannot be summed up to understand all of its nuances. Likewise, ADHD also cannot be “solved” with magic prescriptions; no, psychotropic drugs such as methylphenidate, prescribed by doctors, are not trying to be a cure for the disorder, but a means of alleviating some of its symptoms.
The main thing is to provide support so that the child is aware of what is happening to him and can develop his own tools to modulate his behavior so that he can adapt to the different situations of daily life. Which means beyond medical logic, you must help him learn to change his own behavior and the way he deals with his emotions. And this requires adequate support from educators and the family, yes, but it is also necessary to have psychological help. Here is a summary of the different roles that a psychologist plays in the case of children with ADHD.
1. A space is provided to express oneself and to focus on the problem in a positive way.
Seeing a psychologist is a place where it is possible to express emotions and feelings without being judged., And this fact is often recognized as such and appreciated even by young children. In situations like this, children are encouraged not to be afraid to express themselves, which promotes what is known as emotional breakdown, turning the communication of emotional states into something constructive and from which you can start working on goal setting.
2. Techniques for building self-esteem
ADHD often leads to very frustrating situations which easily leads to low self esteem issues. Therefore, one of the most worked aspects in therapy is make the child understand that what is happening to him is not his fault and that at the same time he can get to know his own potential better and also to detect its positive qualities.
3. Education skills development training
Something as simple as sitting for ten minutes studying a lesson in class is usually a challenge for a boy or girl with ADHD. However, there are techniques and strategies to facilitate this, and it is possible to learn them during sessions with the psychologist.
4. Learning self-motivation methods
As we have seen, impulsivity is generally one of the hallmarks of the behavior of a young ADHD. however, this predisposition to go in search of stimulating experiences does not always have to be a problem; it can also turn into a source of motivation.
5. Advice for parents
Helping children with ADHD does not stop at school or seeing a psychologist, but should extend to the family as well. That is why psychologists work by counseling parents, resolving doubts, and giving directions and guidance on what to do to best raise and educate the minor.
6. Help to have an appropriate learning space
Beyond the behavior and mental processes of the child in question, remember that the material environments we are exposed to also greatly influence the way we deal with ADHD. For this reason, psychology also offers personalized assistance to create study spaces that take this diagnosis into account, and that make your task easier during learning.
7. Development of organizational skills
Another key to strengthening in a child with ADHD concerns the routines associated with the management of time and resources at its disposal. Through these routines, you will be able to structure your daily life without falling into pure impulsivity and without indefinitely postponing the objectives that can bring you more in the medium and long term.
Are you looking for professional psychological support services?
If you are looking for psychological support services for young people and families dealing with phenomena such as ADHD and learning disabilities, contact me. I am a psychologist specializing in Cognitive Behavioral Psychology and I assist both in my office located in Madrid and online via video call sessions.
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