The problem of addictions, because of their complexity, requires a complex and interdisciplinary approach to arrive at a global approach that leads us to understand it in the most complete way possible. One of the possible edges of reading and analysis in the field of addictions is the social field..
What does the social gaze focus on?
When establishing an addiction, many aspects, conditions and factors converge. Beyond the physical and psychological characteristics that a person must have in order to develop addictive behavior, and beyond the most intimate and individual, there are social factors that condition them and intertwine with other circumstances for this to happen. happen.
The family and social context in the broad sense, The place where the person is born, raised and develops his life, can condition, but not determine, the habit of compulsive consumption, and in some way promote it.
As long as each family is different, there will be a possibility that each will establish a different stance on consumption. Therefore, as some families encourage consumption and others abruptly forbid it, acquiring repressive and taboo characteristics; other families can, without facilitating or prohibiting consumption, Educate so that it, if it must exist, is of moderate form.
Social and family factors of drug addiction
Are there socio-family factors that can promote addictive or risky behavior?
Yes, there are many factors that can pose a risk. We can cite the lack of restraint networks, the involvement of family ties, communication and dialogue, or the presence of relatives or relatives with problematic consumption.
When a socio-family environment favors the consumption of substances, risk factors prevail that increase the probability of consumption and that this poses a problem. In other words, if a child is born and raised in a family system where older people (and sometimes also young people under the age of 18) drink alcohol, at every family reunion, the child may think that the drink cannot be missed. If that same child observes an important figure of reference drinking excessively, having fun, he may come to talk about alcohol = pleasure.
You may also get used to someone in your immediate environment taking sleeping pills, not being nervous or calmer, without proper supervised treatment.
The message is the same: you need the substances to have a better time. And even if children are told not to drink, not to drink too much or not to meddle in certain substances, it will be the specific acts and facts that will modulate the behavior of young people. They learn more from what they see than what they are told, which is why we need to accompany our words with our actions.
Other recurring consumption scenes are often observed in the neighborhood. Sitting on the trail, adults and boys alike use the “corner stop” as a way of life, with people they consider friends but may be only temporary drinking companions.
Are these aspects sufficient to determine a consumption problem?
Of course, these social aspects are not enough. Other social factors will have to come together. Social phenomena are only one component, important and conditioning but not determining. In the network of issues generating a problematic consumption situation, they are social, cultural, physico-neurological and psychological aspects.
Each member of the society that we make up takes a stand, sometimes without realizing it, on different events and social issues. Especially with addictions, it is difficult to understand if this is a problem, or if there is an intention to generate discomfort, as well as to confuse the addict as synonymous with delinquent, or dangerous.
Depending on our position in society, we may or may not contribute to social change.