Alcoholism: these are the effects of addiction to drink

Alcoholism is a health problem caused by compulsive alcohol consumption alcohol, which is capable of generating physical and psychological dependence.

It is a disproportionate, problematic contribution that is difficult to control by one’s own will. In turn, this behavior is caused by many and varied factors: physical predisposition, psychological vulnerabilities and social factors that facilitate consumption.

But one of the most striking aspects of alcoholism is that it is often, in its early stages, socially accepted. This shows another of the most important dimensions of the problem of alcoholism: its psychological and social facet.

    What do we mean by alcoholism?

    Alcoholism is a pathology based on dependence on alcoholic beverages, that is to say those that contain a significant amount of ethanol. It is also one of the most prevalent types of addiction in the world and one of the oldest, given that the products on which it is based have been around for thousands of years and have appeared in different cultures in parallel. . · The, the.

    Alcoholism is in addition a very harmful addiction not only for the person who develops an addiction to these drinks, but also for other people, Since it very often leads to accidents.

    On the other hand, alcohol is a drug which is consumed en masse even by minors in many countries, a situation which leads many young people to develop alcoholism very early on, without even having had the opportunity to have the ability to establish a lifestyle of their own.

    Naturalization of a health problem

    Excessive alcohol consumption is often naturalized and socially accepted and in the social imagination, it is considered alcoholic for those who see it drunk during the day, in a street situation, starting its consumption in the morning or drinking every day of the week. In this way, other forms of alcoholism are made invisible.

    This is not determined by how much alcohol a person drinks per day, but how that person relates to alcohol: with addiction, need, compulsion, and difficulty not to consume.

    In other words, a person is an alcoholic by the way they drink, whether they do it every day, one day a week, or more sporadically. However, anyone who consumes alcohol is not an alcoholic, as there may be drinking. at arm’s length and at arm’s length. But … what happens in the human body where there is addiction?

      The effects of this addiction on health

      When ingested into the body, alcohol produces two opposing actions, a disinhibitory effect and a depressive effect. The first blocks parts of the brain responsible for thinking, thinking, moral conscience, ethical values; and overstimulates impulses and emotions. This helps to understand that an alcoholic can be different from the one in which they are sober and even commit crimes without the possibility of control, which, without consumption, they would not do.

      The depressant effect inhibits the central nervous system causing a decrease in their functions: less attention, less psychomotor coordination, drowsiness, feeling of exhaustion, among others, reaching in extreme cases respiratory unemployment and death. This explains that while alcohol is often consumed because we expect it to make us more sociable, after the first wave of effects, it produces a tendency towards isolation, favoring the onset of a condition. in a bad mood or downright aggressive.

      The emergence of alcohol tolerance

      Why are the quantities of alcoholic beverages consumed increasing? because the body builds up tolerance to the substanceIt is as if you get used to it and since it does not produce the desired effect, then it becomes necessary to drink more alcohol or stronger alcoholic beverages to achieve the desired effects.

      Why can’t the alcoholic stop drinking?

      Another conception to be distorted concerns the reasons for the difficulty, in some cases, and the impossibility, in others, of stopping drinking. It is not by taste, by whim or by vice, it is because of the strong constraint to drink that the alcoholic feels, that he becomes unstoppable and escapes his voluntary control, Because he is in a situation of physical and psychological dependence.

      The body demands alcohol and the head needs it to continue. In addition, without use, symptoms of abstinence develop, which results in unpleasant sensations, physical manifestations, anxiety, irritability, anxiety and a strong desire (urge) to use.

      How to act in case of suspicion that a loved one is dependent?

      A first step is to denature problematic alcohol consumption. In doing so, doubts start to arise and need to seek help.

      Here we can place a second step: look for your own space to listen, ask questions, focus on alcoholism, learn to observe how the person relates to consumption and alcohol: can he control the consumption alcohol-free?; Is it difficult for him to stop drinking? Are you looking for excuses to make?

      It is important to be aware of problematic alcohol use in time, because of the risks it can bring, such as alcoholism. leads to a greater likelihood of accidents, illnesses and death, In addition to having behavioral, emotional, bond, social, work, legal effects.

      Orientation and restraint on families are essential to understand that alcoholism is a recovering disease for which specialized treatment is essential for both the alcoholic family member and the rest of the family. This will allow families to re-signify consumption and its consequences, generate changes in attitude and create spaces for dialogue and family communication.

      It is also important for the family to be able to work in spaces specializing in alcoholism in difficult and traumatic situations caused by the effect of alcoholism which affects the whole family, such as anxiety, helplessness, fears, anger, psychosomatic symptoms, feelings of guilt To begin to have new healthy lifestyles, strengthen self-esteem, develop new personal development projects to learn to live better and build a healthier life.

        Bibliographical references:

        • Dunn, N .; Cook, CC (March 1999). “Psychiatric Aspects of Alcohol Abuse”. Hospital medicine. 60 (3): pages 169 to 172.
        • Elzo, J. (ed) et al (2009): Drug Cultures Among Youth and Parties. Vitoria, Central Publications Service of the Basque Government.
        • McGovern, TF; White, WL (2003). Alcohol Problems in the United States: A Twenty-Year Treatment Perspective. New York: Routledge.
        • Zimmerman, HE; Burkhart, KK; Donovan, JW (1999). Poisoning by ethylene glycol and methanol: diagnosis and treatment. Journal of Emergency Nursing. 25 (2): pages 116 to 120.

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