Epsilon-type alcoholism: symptoms, causes and how to overcome it

Epsilon-type alcoholism, also called dipsomania or recurrent alcoholismis the one that occurs in cases where a person drinks alcohol sporadically but when he does, he consumes compulsively, there is a loss of control and can even trigger behavioral problems associated with the poisoning.

In this article, we will see what Epsilon-type alcoholism is and what its main characteristics are.

    What is alcoholism?

    Alcoholism is a disease caused by prolonged and excessive consumption of alcoholic beverageshaving created a psychological and/or physical dependence that leads to health problems and often affects various areas of the person’s life (work, family, etc.).

    Alcohol, as we well know, is a socially accepted substance, so there is a high percentage of consumption in the population, and when such consumption is excessive, it can trigger alcoholism.

    Those who suffer they become addicted to this substance, so they often feel the need to use this kind of substance and have a lot of trouble not relapsing.; as a result, they suffer from serious physical and psychological health problems, which often affects their personal relationships. In addition, there are several types of alcoholism: Epsilon, Alpha, Beta, Gamma and Delta type alcoholism.

      What is Epsilon-type alcoholism?

      Epsilon-type alcoholism, according to Jellinek’s classification, is a type of alcoholism in which the person drinks excessively sporadically, periodically. In other words, it affects people who are able to stay for several days or even weeks, but when they drink alcohol they are unable to stop, may drink uncontrollably and may even have serious problems. of behavior.

      People with Epsilon-type alcoholism usually do not experience withdrawal syndrome in their daily livesso they don’t need to resort to drinking alcohol to calm her down and that’s why, on a day-to-day basis, they usually don’t try alcohol.

      These people usually lead full and satisfying lives without drinking alcohol; however, they only need to try alcohol for a day, whether for a party or for any other social reason, to trigger alcohol abuse, which can last for long hours and even a day without being able to stop drinking alcohol. .

      It should be noted that Epsilon-type alcoholism is not that of a social drinker, as is the case with Beta-type alcoholism, where there is usually only alcohol abuse exclusively in social situations and there is no alcohol dependence that causes loss of control; on the other hand, in the Epsilon type, there is a loss of control when alcohol is tested, causing that person to drink much higher amounts of alcohol than he intended.

        Symptoms of Epsilon-type alcoholism

        When a case of Epsilon-type alcoholism occurs, a number of symptoms tend to appearusually occurring more than one of the following events:

        • Occasional consumption of large amounts of alcohol.
        • When the person consumes alcohol, he loses control, so he is not able to stop drinking.
        • Uncontrolled alcohol consumption can cause behavioral problems.
        • Although the person is able to stop using for several days or weeks, they tend to start using again.
        • He is not able to drink socially and in moderation, as he often loses control.
        • Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to an alcoholic coma.

        Note that Epsilon-type alcoholism has similarities with the “alcohol drinker”, according to the classification of Fernández Ballesteros, which refers to that drinker who consumes alcohol with rather irregular frequency, but when he drinks he cannot stop until he is drunk; Therefore, we are faced with a person who can stay drunk for a long time, but when he starts drinking, he can only stop when drunk.

          What to do to face it and overcome it?

          It should be noted that when a person has developed alcoholism like Epsilon is basically an episodic drinker, but this nuance does not take away the seriousness of the problem, because This way of abusing alcohol can sometimes lead to serious problemsboth on a health and social level and can be legal in cases where the person has behavior problems every time they are drunk.

          In addition, Epsilon-type alcoholism, if it has not been learned to control (either through learning and maturity of the person, among other things, or with the help of a specialist), it could trigger chronic alcoholismit is therefore strongly recommended that people in a similar situation seek professional help and support from family, trusted friends and/or their partner in order to try to solve the problems of uncontrollability when it s It’s about testing the alcohol before the situation gets worse.

          It is also important to note that people with alcoholism like Epsilon they are often unaware of the disease. That is, they do not consider that they have alcohol problems, because they can forget the mechanism by which they lose control when drinking, not being able to stop, because between the episodes can occur several days of “sporadic drinker”.

          And it is that the loss of control with the consumption of alcohol can happen to anyone, especially to young people, but the problem comes when it happens frequently and does not subside with the years.

          Bibliographic references

          • American Psychiatric Association. (2014). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM – 5. Madrid: Panamericana.
          • Friend, I. (2020). Handbook of Health Psychology. Madrid: Ediciones Pyramid.
          • Begona, E. (2020). Substance addictions. In A. Belloch, B. Sandín & F. Ramos (eds.). Handbook of Psychopathology: Volume I (pp. 485-511). Madrid: McGraw Hill.
          • OnlineFreixau, F. (1996). Alcoholic disease, a sociobiological model of behavioral disorder. Barcelona: Herder.
          • Gual, A., Mondón, S., López, H. & Soler, C. (2015). Alcoholism. In J. Vallejo (ed.). Introduction to psychopathology and psychiatry (pp. 366-384). Madrid: Elsevier Masson.
          • Jellinek, EM (1960). The concept of alcoholism disease. New Haven: Yale University Press.
          • Secades-Villa, R., González-Roz, A., Weidberg, S. & García-Fernández, G. (2021). Psychological treatments for substance use disorders. In E. Fonseca (ed.). Psychological Treatment Handbook: Adults (pp. 505-828). Madrid: Ediciones Pyramid.

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