the GHB (Or gamma-hydroxybutyric acid) is often known as liquid ecstasy, although it has nothing to do with ecstasy (or MDMA) or other amphetamine-type substances.
What is GHB?
This drug, used by rapists, is a central nervous system depressant (CNS) which was used in the 1960s as an anesthetic. However, GHB has been withdrawn from the pharmaceutical market due to its side effects. It is currently used in the treatment of certain diseases such as narcolepsy.
GHB has unpredictable effects on every person and is generally euphoric (in low doses) and sedative (high doses), which makes this substance extremely dangerous. Due to its characteristics, it is used to commit theft or sexual assault, like Rohypnol or Burundanga (scopolamine), because it overrides the will of the people and makes them a powerless person.
Generally, GHB it comes as a white powder or liquid colorless and odorless, with a slightly salty taste, and is distributed in the illegal market in small bottles or vials which are often mixed with drink. Mixing with alcohol is very dangerous. The main complication of consuming GHB is acute poisoning. In recent years, there have been numerous cases of coma, as well as deaths from its use.
Using this drug to commit rape
GHB and Rohipnol or Scopolamine are used to facilitate date rapes or to “drug” the victim at the nightclub and then abuse him when the substance takes effect. Since GHB is a colorless and odorless substance, it is easily poured into the victim’s drink and consumed without the latter noticing. When the drug takes effect, it incapacitates the victim and prevents them from defending themselves against sexual assault. GHB is currently known as “easy viola“.
Therefore, the goal of the sex offender is the sedation of the person whom he has sexually abused, in order to decrease his resistance or to cause the total loss of consciousness of the victim. Since GHB has a short lifespan, it is difficult to find any remains in a urine sample if more than a day has passed. Victims often report past this time because they feel ashamed and sometimes guilty for what happened.
Effects of GHB
GHB is a central nervous system depressant and is taken by mouth. Effects begin approximately 15 minutes after ingestion and last 1 to 3 hours. As with alcohol, depending on the dose, it produces different effects.
In solid state, with low to medium doses (1 to 2 g) predominates empathic effect, euphoria or disinhibition. With higher doses (2 to 4 g), the effects are amplified and there may be a lack of coordination, visual distortion, deep relaxation and a tendency to fall asleep. Indeed, GHB binds to at least two classes of neuronal receptors: at low doses, it binds to the GHB receptor, which is an excitatory, and at high doses, it also binds to the GABA-B receptor (inhibitor), which produces sedative effects.
GHB is especially dangerous when mixed with alcohol, a combination that can lead to coma and be fatal, as has been repeatedly reported.
The brain makes GHB
Although GHB is made in the laboratory, it also occurs in the brain (Endogenous substance). Some of the highest concentrations are found in the substantia nigra, thalamus and hypothalamus of the brain.
Many scientists claim that it acts as a neurotransmitter and is credited with various functions such as regulating sleep cycles, temperature, brain glucose metabolism, blood circulation, memory, and emotional control. It would also have a neurological protective action against the negative effects of hypoxia and excessive metabolic demands.
Clinical use of gammahydroxybutyric acid
Although GHB was first used as a general anesthetic and for the treatment of insomnia or clinical depression, it is currently only used for the treatment of narcolepsy because there is potential for abuse and serious side effects on their consumption.
It is marketed under the name of Xyrem and is only available at certified pharmacies, as part of a special program called the Xyrem Success Program. The drug is taken before bedtime because it enhances deep sleep and increases sleep time at night, while reducing the number of sleep periods during the day, which improves symptoms of narcolepsy.
Other uses of GHB
In addition to the aforementioned uses, GHB is still used for other illegal purposes. many young people they give it a recreational use and consume it in nightclubs or in “radishes”. It is commonly referred to as “liquid ecstasy” and is commonly mixed with alcohol. This has triggered several cases of overdose.
On another side, it is also used by bodybuilders. It has become very popular in the United States for its anabolic and “fat burning” effect, as its consumption produces muscle gain and better definition, as well as a euphoric high. GHB increases the secretion of growth hormone. Although its consumption was banned in the 1990s, it is still sold illegally. The great concern of the authorities is internet sales.
Below we leave you a video on how to use GHB to commit violations. Looked: