Heroin: symptoms, effects and types of abstinence

Heroin is classified as a recreational drug because of the euphoric sensation it produces. It is derived from morphine and its frequent use is associated with tolerance and strong physical dependence.

It is also one of the most harmful types of drugs in use today and is linked to the transmission of many diseases by the way it is supplied.

    How does heroin work?

    The injected heroin falls directly into the bloodstream, if it is smoked, it goes down the respiratory tract and here it reaches the blood, goes up to the brain through the blood-brain barrier, then the drug comes into contact with receptors sensitive to heroin, Which makes the person feel intense euphoria.

    In other words, heroin gets stuck in parts of neurons designed to react when it comes in contact with substances naturally produced by the body. This generates a chain reaction that fully affects the parts of the brain responsible for the onset of the sensation of pleasure.

    The direct effect of the heroin lasts 3-4 hours, however the importance of this medication is both the effects of a dose and the effects of abstinence.

    The effects of heroin

    Of course, in addition to the feeling of euphoria and well-being that appears just at the moment of consumption, heroin produces other harmful effects.

    The pain and discomfort of abstinence lasts for 3 days, from 12 hours without heroin use, nausea and diarrhea, vomiting and breathing problems appear. Cardiac arrhythmia begins at 24 hours, Bone pain, lung problems, fevers, general irritation, bad mood, depression and afterwards only get worse.

    The drop in heroin levels affects the whole body. Due to its effect, the hypothalamus (responsible for leveling body temperature) stops working well and changes from heat to cold occur, the nervous system generates tremors in the muscles, Nausea is felt and the diaphragm lowers, causing the stomach to contract and vomiting repeatedly.

    If heroin is smoked, it causes breathing problems because the drug produces mucus that clogs the lungs. The same effect occurs with tobacco, but this mucus is expelled by coughing; in the case of heroin, the drug inhibits the reflex act of coughing and the lungs fill with mucus until the drug is gone. Over time, tissues are damaged and their ability to fight disease is reduced; in this case, the pneumonia could be fatal for the consumer.

      How does tolerance occur?

      People’s brains find it difficult to maintain a healthy stimulus of chemicals when consuming the drug. Over time, heroin-sensitive receptors stop working, as the brain tries to compensate for the flow of drugs, gradually heroin produces a decreasing effect and the body needs larger doses to maintain biochemical balance.

      Why does resistance to treatment appear?

      When the person is under the influence of heroin, the drug pushes the addicted person towards the pursuit of his personal and immediate interests.

      Humans perform positive activities for their survival, such as; eating, having sex, sleeping, going to the bathroom, etc. These survival activities cause neurons to release pleasure chemicals in the brain; endorphins.

      New neural pathways form in the addict’s brain, which directly link heroin and pleasure. Over time, the brain becomes confused and begins to view these shortcuts to pleasure as shortcuts to survival. Right now our nervous system start ordering the medication before any other need.

      It is in this state that the heroine takes precedence over everything else. This is why we see people choosing medicine over family, work, physical well-being, etc.

        Treatment of abstinence

        When it comes to treating abstinence there is a medicine containing buprenorphine. Buroprenorfin adheres to receptors in the brain to which heroin usually adheres, eliminating the need for the drug without producing its effect.

        The opposite effect is obtained because the patient ingests it while there is still heroin in the bodyBuprenorphine blocks the effect of existing heroin, creating a lowering of mood and a significant increase in the effects of abstinence. This is given to the patient when he begins abstinence.

        It is important for the patient to be honest and to take Buroprenorphin when sweating and yawning begin; if I took it earlier, the abstinence only gets worse. This must be accompanied by a medical advice and psychological assistance.

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