Since ancient times, humans have always used psychoactive substances that alter the nervous system in different ways: they excite us and make us feel more energetic, they make us hallucinate or relax and take us into a state of transit.
By the year 3000 BC, such products were already in use, but drugs have evolved over time. Today not only natural drugs are consumed, but human beings have created various synthetic psychoactive substances with powerful effects for users. In this sense, one of the most popular drugs, especially in the United States and some European countries, is methamphetamine (deoxyphedrine), also called “crystal meth” or “ice”. Below we will see its characteristics and effects.
Methamphetamine: a stimulant and addictive drug
This substance is a powerful psychostimulant which has a structure similar to dopamine, a neurotransmitter generated by our body. Again there are other stimulants such as cocaine or MDMA which are consumed very often, their effects are very different.
Methamphetamine belongs to the phenethylamine family and the amphetamine group. The origin of its synthesis is in Japan, in 1919, but it did not appear in Europe until 20 years later. It seems that during WWII, the Nazi Party used methamphetamine to stimulate its troops and thus make them believe they were invincible. The drug used by the German army was called “Pervin”.
On the other hand, methamphetamine is one of the drugs that causes the most suffering, and also it is among those which generate a more intense addiction. The effects of drug addiction can be dramatic, especially on a physical level, as it is considered a predatory drug.
The chemical composition of methamphetamine is related to amphetamine sulfate because its synthesis is carried out by adding a methyl group to the nitrogen atom of amphetamine. Its chemical formula is C10H15N.
this medicine usually presented as clear, colorless crystals, And may appear with varying degrees of purity depending on the method used for its production. Although this drug is often confused with MDMA, they are two different substances and their effects are completely different.
Differences between drugs
Let’s take a look at some of the things that distinguish methamphetamine from other drugs.
Differences between methamphetamine and MDMA glass
There is usually some confusion with this drug as it is possible to find MDMA and methamphetamine crystals. Although their appearance is similar, their effects should be distinguished. While the effects of methamphetamine are stimulating and euphoric, those of MDMA are empathogenic, that is, they induce empathy, with less marked stimulating consequences.
The doses of these substances also generally vary: the average dose of the latter drug is 75 to 150 milligrams and that of methamphetamine is 12 to 30 milligrams. Wrong and taking 75 grams of methamphetamine can cause very serious effects, Such as hyperstimulation, agitation, nervousness, anxiety and paranoia.
methamphetamine produces a very pronounced insomnia effect which can last up to a day, while it is possible to fall asleep and fall asleep a few hours after finishing the effect of MDMA. In addition, methamphetamine is much more addictive than the latter drug.
Differences between methamphetamine and cocaine
Methamphetamine releases large amounts of dopamine in the brain and central nervous system, just like cocaine and ecstasy. However, unlike these substances, the first has a much longer release time and its effects can last from six to 12 hours in a single dose.
As for cocaine, methamphetamine has a number of differences. As mentioned, methamphetamine is a stimulant drug, just like cocaine. However, the latter is also a local pain reliever. Cocaine is derived from the plant and methamphetamine is a designer drug. It takes about 12 hours for a person’s body to eliminate 50% of this synthetic substance; However, it takes an hour to remove the same percentage of cocaine. Both drugs can be smoked, but the duration of the methamphetamine effect is much longer.
Side effects of this substance
The effects of methamphetamine are devastating. At the social level, the person is severely damaged, but at the physical level, the abuse of this substance can lead to serious malnutrition and health problems. Among its side effects, we can find:
- Skinny physical appearance.
- Sleeping troubles.
- Memory loss.
- Loss of appetite.
- Repetitive motor activity.
- Sensitivity to light.
- Mood swings.
- Respiratory problems.
- Psychosis: paranoia and hallucinations.
- Emotional disturbances.
- Serious dental problems.
Methamphetamine as a medicine
There is also some confusion for methamphetamine can be used to create drugs; however, it has nothing to do with the molecule found in drugstores with this highly addictive drug.
Some medications like the Vicks inhaler contain L-methamphetamine, which is a chiral molecule of the dangerous and illegal drug, D-methamphetamine. The two are asymmetric molecules that mirror each other, but their effects are completely different. While one is being treated for nasal congestion, the other has serious health effects.
How do I know if my child is addicted to drugs?
If you think your child is addicted to drugs, you will probably be interested in this article: “How to tell if my son or daughter is using drugs: 10 keys to detecting it.”