The 4 main effects of cannabis on the body

Marijuana is a drug widely used around the world, although in most countries its cultivation and use is illegal. Considered by many to be a natural and therefore harmless substance, the truth is that it has many harmful effects on our health.

Right here we will see what are the main effects of cannabis on the body, phenomena that end up affecting both our brain and our heart, our lungs and our endocrine system, consequences that we will discuss below. Stay tuned to find out how this substance affects our bodies.

    Psychotropic effect, brain damage and mental disorders associated with marijuana

    Marijuana or cannabis is one of the most widely used psychotropic substances on the planet, and is also one of the most widely used. Because its use is so widespread and popular, it tends to relativize its negative effects, even viewing it as a soft drug or resorting to the naturalistic fallacy of “how bad for health it will be if we bring the sea to Earth. “.

    The reality is, however, that it is a drug, a substance harmful to our health, addictive and potentially dangerous for our body. All of our bodies can be damaged by this substance, affecting our heart, respiratory, endocrine and nervous systems. Contrary to popular belief, it is a highly addictive substance that can lead to financial, family and social problems which, although they leave the body, affect the quality of life of the consumer.

    As a psychotropic substance, the first consequences of cannabis are those which affect the nervous system. When taking it, the consumer experiences a fleeting feeling of euphoria and joy, and may be manic, which causes him to play around in trivial matters, laughing irregularly and uncontrollably. This is the typical scene seen in movies and series, the classic scene of a “smoky” teenager laughing at the shape and size of his own hand, a crude but clear example of this effect.

    The duration of these effects varies depending on the amount of cannabis consumed, in addition to the characteristics of the individual. and whether they have been combined with other substances. The alterations in the nervous system are temporary, but if consumed regularly, cannabis can cause long-term problems, even in the form of mental disorders, which are long-lasting and irreversible.

    Cannabis use directly affects the brain, damaging areas responsible for functions as important as memory, learning, attention, decision-making, coordination, emotions and reaction time. In the short term, it has a slight effect on attention, memory and learning, in addition to negatively influencing the mood, while it is long-term and due to long-term consumption, more serious problems arise in all the areas discussed.

    Among the most affected areas of the brain are:

    • hypothalamus

    • Basal ganglia
    • ventral striatum
    • Tonsil
    • brainstem
    • Neocortex
    • Seahorse
    • Cerebel

    Marijuana has more or less dangerous hallucinogenic effects. Many experts consider this characteristic to be one of the most important when it comes to causing addiction. it is linked to the consumption of cannabis with unreal situations, sometimes interpreted as mystical. Experiencing hallucinations can motivate you to use more, which leads people to become addicted.

      The main effects of cannabis on the body

      Cannabis users have been shown to be at higher risk for chronic mental disorders than non-users, for mental problems such as schizophrenia and their peculiar hallucinations. There is also a higher risk of suffering from psychosis, that is, loss of contact with reality and delusions. Additionally, marijuana has been associated with an increased risk of depression and anxiety as well as suicidal thoughts in adolescence.

      1. Sexual problems

      Another effect of cannabis that can be seen in cannabis users is related to their sexual ability. Behaviour Cannabis can cause a high degree of sexual disinhibition and even a greater predisposition to have intimate relationships..

      Ironically, physiologically, the body does not seem to be going in the same direction, as it is not uncommon for the genitals to not respond after consuming Maria, the quality of sperm is reduced and its secretion is accelerated, reaching orgasm. prematurely and with less feeling of pleasure. It also affects the eggs.

        2. Respiratory problems

        Inhaled cannabis, i.e. smoking cigarettes or vaping, damages the respiratory system. In fact, it is this system that is damaged the most by cannabis users, as the most common way to take the drug is to inhale smoke, which damages lung tissue. Lung capacity is seriously compromised as more “leeks” are smoked, increasing the risk of bronchitis, coughing and phlegm production, as well as lung cancer.

        Second-hand cannabis smoke contains tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the chemical responsible for most of the psychotropic effects of this drug. In addition to THC, there are also many components shared with those of tobacco smoke, so inhaling it, even if it is not directly smoking cigarettes, can affect the health and alter the behavior of non-smokers, especially babies and children. are exposed.

          3. Heart problems

          Many people may find it a little shocking to learn that cannabis affects the heart system. Recurrent or heavy drinking can affect the heart’s ability to pump blood, which prevents it from circulating properly in the body and causes a general feeling of weakness. If consumed in high doses, cannabis can cause tachycardia. Besides, it can also cause the following heart problems.

          • Elevated heart rate and blood pressure.
          • Chest pain when exercising.
          • Increased risk of heart attack.
          • Increased risk of stroke and mini spills.

          4. Dependence and abstinence

          Some people think that cannabis is not really an addictive substance, that it is not even a drug. However, science and statistics dismantle this myth, since about 1 in 10 marijuana users become addicted, a proportion that goes from 1 to 6 among consumers under the age of 18. Signs that the person may be addicted include:

          • Do not stop taking cannabis.
          • Stop spending time with family or friends to use marijuana instead.
          • Continue to consume knowing that it involves health problems.
          • Continue to consume even if the consumption interferes with normal daily life.

          One of the most important psychological consequences of cannabis is the withdrawal syndrome that causes you to stop using cannabis. The need to re-consume, the feeling of nervousness if consumption is delayed (craving) and even fits of inability to consume are the most distinctive effects of addiction.

          Effects of Marijuana by Mode of Use

          While all the ways in which cannabis is consumed involve some of the effects that we have seen so far, it must be said that the way this is done may involve greater intensity and duration of the same.

          Cannabis infusion

          The infusion of cannabis is the most common alternative to inhalation, being a little less harmful because reduces damage to the respiratory system and does not involve as much damage to the nervous system.

          In any case, even if it is a milder form of consumption of this substance, it is still a drug and therefore the risk of addiction and other consequences negative effects related to consumption will not be eliminated.

          Ingested cannabis

          One of the most popular ways to consume marijuana in recent years is to eat it in the form of food. There are many recipes in which this particular ingredient is introduced, preferring the sweet: cakes, pies, brownies, cookies, candies, cookies, soda, chocolate bars

          We must keep in mind that cooking marijuana may increase some of the effects of this drug, which makes consumption more dangerous than inhalation. Smoking marijuana slightly reduces the effects of cannabis, while fully incorporating it into foods keeps them unchanged. As a result, there are many cases of cannabis poisoning caused by consuming brownies or candies containing this substance.

          Unlike smoking marijuana, cannabis edibles can take 30 minutes to 2 hours to produce, but these will last longer than they usually do with inhalation. In addition, he is more likely to consume more THC while eating cannabis food, because in one serving of cannabis cookies or brownies there can be 100 mg of this substance perfectly, which means that eating a cannabis cookie would be like taking a sip. one cigarette at a time.

          Bibliographical references

          • NIDA. 2020, June 4. What are the long term effects of cannabis on the brain? Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/ca/publicaciones/serie-de-reportes/la-marihuana/cuales-son-los-efectos-largo-plazo-de-la-marihuana-en-el-cerebro a 2021, September 30
          • Rosenberg EC, Tsien RW, Whalley BJ, Devinsky O. Cannabinoids and epilepsy. Neurotherapy. 2015, 12 (4): 747-768.
          • Timberlake DS. A comparison of drug use and dependence between heavy smokers and other cannabis users. Substance abuse. 2009, 44 (3): 401-415. doi: 10.1080 / 10826080802347651
          • Cone EJ, Bigelow GE, Herrmann ES, et al. Exposure of non-smokers to second-hand cannabis smoke. I. Results of urine screening and confirmation. J Anal Toxic. 2015, 39 (1): 1-12. doi: 10.1093 / jat / bku116
          • Asch RH, Smith CG. Effects of delta 9-THC, the main psychoactive component of marijuana, during pregnancy in rhesus monkeys. J Reprod Med. 1986; 31 (12): 1071-1081.
          • Campolongo P, Trezza V, Ratano P, Palmery M, Cuomo V. Consequences of the development of perinatal cannabis exposure: behavioral and neuroendocrine effects in adult rodents. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2011; 214 (1): 5-15. doi: 10.1007 / s00213-010-1892-x
          • Budney AJ, Roffman R, Stephens RS, Walker D. Marijuana addiction and its treatment. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2007; 4 (1): 4-16.

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