The 6 main types of hallucinogenic drugs

Hallucinogenic drugs are a variety of substances that cause hallucinatory perceptions or cause the subject to detach from reality as a result of the use of the substance.

Once these substances (drugs) enter the central nervous system (CNS), the person experiences altered states of consciousness, which may vary depending on the types of hallucinogenic drugs and the level of tolerance that he has the subject that consumes them.

In the following lines we will see what are the characteristics of the main types of hallucinogenic drugs.

    Main types of hallucinogenic drugs

    From now on, we will see a list of the main types of hallucinogenic drugs that exist and some of their most characteristic effects.

    1. LSD

    LSD is a compound derived from rye fungus. It is white and soluble in water, in addition to being completely odorless. Originally, this drug is produced in the form of a crystal, then crushed and turned into a powder.

    The effects of this drug are called “trips” by its consumers, who cannot be sure whether the effect of the drug will be pleasant or unpleasant. The main effect of this medicine is disrupt serotonin receptors (5-HT receptors), In addition to producing hallucinations.

      2. Mescaline

      This drug is alkaloid type with hallucinogenic properties. The most common way to take mescaline is chewing peyote (Mexican cactus), but an infusion similar to that of a tea can also be prepared.

      The effects aren’t that far removed from those we looked at earlier when it comes to LSD. The most significant difference is the duration of the effects; those of LSD last about 8 to 10 hours, whereas in this case effects may last up to 3 days.

      3. Ecstasy

      This medicine is also known as MDMA, Belongs to the amphetamine family and is a stimulant, so its consumption generally causes people to experience feelings of great pleasure and mental stimulation. This is why ecstasy is a very popular recreational drug.

      Although the effects may seem good, these are not naturally regulated by the body, so the negative effects end up being more important than the “positive” effects, which are essentially a transient feeling of well-being.

      4. Phencyclidine

      It is a dissociative drug which, in addition to having hallucinogenic effects like the rest, it also has a strong anesthetic effect. The most common name given to this drug on the streets is ‘angel powder’, and it comes in the form of a water soluble crystalline powder, although it is also consumed in tablet form.

      The effect of this medicine lasts less than that shown above, about 4 hours, and it causes hallucinations in the subject, accompanied by intense euphoria states and some distortions concerning the senses.

      5. Cannabis derivatives

      These drugs are not considered hallucinogenic as such, but have hallucinatory effects in many who use them, so they are in this classification. The main components are THC and CBD.

      These drugs cause significant alterations in perception and hallucinations. It is also common that when its effect occurs, the subject experiences an atypical increase in appetite.

      6. Dimethyltryptamine

      From the Tryptamine family, dimethyltryptamine is a rare drug that is typically consumed in multiple forms, the most popular of which is in cigarette form, although it can also be given by injection or inhalation.

      Effects are much shorter than previous drugs, around 5 to 30 minutes maximum. Despite its short effect, hallucinations that occur after consumption are usually quite intense.

      The risks associated with the consumption of these substances

      This variety of drugs they present a number of different risks for those who consume them, Going through severe behavioral disorders, a possible withdrawal syndrome when they stop consuming (not in all cases), and even alterations at the organic level linked to brain neurotransmitters.

      These risks depend largely on a number of factors, such as the amount of consumption and the length of time the subject has ingested the substance, as well as the person’s level of tolerance towards a particular substance. Those with low tolerance do not need a lot of intake to be affected by the hallucinogenic effects of these substances. Over time and with the frequency of use, people generate more tolerance.

      Another risk of using hallucinogenic drugs is that they play an important role as a anteroom of the subject using another more potent and dangerous type of drug for your health.

      For example, people who frequently use cannabis are more likely to switch to other drugs such as LSD, ecstasy, or mescaline. When the person generates tolerance, it becomes more difficult to achieve the same pleasurable sensations associated with consumption as at the beginning, and to resort to experimentation with other psychoactive substances.

      Where do these drugs come from?

      A large number of types of hallucinogenic drugs originate from countries in Latin America and Africa. For example, peyote mushrooms originate from Mexico, from which mescaline is extracted.

      As for Europe, there is a type of hallucinogenic mushroom, also known as the hallucinogenic mushroom; it is amanita muscaria or reig bord, from which a substance called psilocybin with psychoactive properties can be obtained.

      However, not all types of hallucinogenic drugs come from substances found in fungi.

        Bibliographical references:

        • Gahlinger, PM (2001). Illegal Drugs: A Complete Guide to Their History, Chemistry, Use, and Abuse. United States: Sagebrush Press.
        • Mahoney A., Evans, J. (2008). Comparison of drug classification systems. Proceedings of the annual AMIA symposium: 1039.

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