Cocaine is one of the most widely used illicit drugs in the world and, unlike many others, its use is relatively standardized across all social classes. This is why cocaine addiction is one of the most prevalent in the world.
But not because it’s popular, it’s less dangerous as a psychoactive substance. The truth is that the ability of this drug to erode the quality of life of the consumer is remarkable, and it notes its accumulated damage effects in a relatively short time, contrary to what many people believe. For that, Knowing how to identify the warning signs of cocaine is essential. In this article, we will see what they are and what to deal with this disorder.
Warning signs associated with cocaine addiction
In order to make it easier for anyone to identify this health problem, we will explain below what are the typical signs and symptoms of cocaine addiction.
1. Short-term physiological and psychological symptoms
In this section we will especially see what are the physiological and psychological phenomena that appear a few minutes after consuming, Although it is normal for them to go away within a few hours (although it is possible for the person to consume it several times during the day, resulting in relatively large amounts of this substance in the blood for an extended period) . Know-is used to track how often or not the person in question uses this medication.
1.1. Short-term physiological symptoms
The physical signs caused by cocaine are usually the most obvious and the easiest to identify in anyone. The main ones include an increase in heart rate, which can cause tachycardia and an increase in body temperature..
A person’s nervousness can also be identified, as well as noticeable restlessness or over-excitement, often manifested by repetitive movement of the legs or other parts of the body.
In addition to this, dilated pupils are also another of the physical symptoms which are easily detected by an outside observer.
1.2. Short-term psychological symptoms
Euphoria is another of the classic characteristics of cocaine use and one of the most recognizable effects. in the person who consumes it.
It is a feeling of general well-being, both intellectual and physical, that prompts the person to do things that under normal conditions would not do. Therefore, it sounds like what is called hypomania in cases of bipolar disorder: the person acts with unreasonable optimism about their own abilities and overestimates their chances of success in whatever is on offer.
Often, this state of artificial euphoria also causes disproportionate verbosity in the person, which results in long monologues from the addict.
2. Loss of appetite
Neural circuits responsible for controlling appetite lose their activation when the person is addicted to cocaine, such as these neurons turn completely to the task of rewarding (with pleasurable sensations and the cessation of discomfort through abstinence) the experience of drug use.
This phenomenon occurs in many other drugs and involves a process of deterioration, weight loss and disease propensity in cocaine addicts. However, it should be noted that this is a long-term effect and effects accumulated over weeks and months; within minutes of consumption, many people may become very hungry and overeat.
3. Changes in self-perception
Some direct consequences of this euphoria are the perception of an increase in physical or intellectual capacities and a feeling of superiority in general, This prompts the person to adopt all kinds of absurd behavior even when it has not been used for several hours or several days.
On top of that, cocaine addicts completely lose the feeling of pain, fatigue, or tiredness.
For this reason, it is not uncommon to see professionals from highly competitive environments accepting more and more workload, as they hope to be able to do anything to assume that cocaine will give them that “extra energy”. Being also illusory (since the misuse of the body’s resources continue to occur, even if they are not immediately felt with so much discomfort).
Problems when trying to fall asleep due to the effect of the drug, which is a stimulant and as a consequent activator of the nervous system, this is another aspect to consider.
This is a direct result of the drug’s effects on the brain, which can also cause other health problems such as headaches, general malaise, and increased exposure to anxiety disorders (which is reinforced by both the drug itself and the lack of sleep).
5. Radical changes in lifestyle
Many personal, social or professional changes occur in the life of a cocaine addict during his addiction.
The most notable are deterioration of family or friendships, A loss of interest in trades or activities which previously interested the person and a change in nightlife habits, with departures and arrivals at home which, depending on the family context, are often hidden. In the long term, there is also a drastic drop in school, school or work performance, although the stimulating effects of cocaine and its impact on the ability to work was one of the reasons why the person started to work. consume first.
On top of that, an increase in the addict’s daily or weekly spending is also common, as cocaine is one of the most expensive drugs around.
6. Mood changes
Finally, among the classic signs of a cocaine addict stand out frequent mood swings, irritability in the face of inconvenience, Anxiety when not consuming or depression.
These emotional symptoms can be a consequence of some of the above signs, or they can be the cause of some of them as well.
How is the treatment?
Treatment for cocaine addiction should be administered in two ways: psycho-psychiatric and psychotherapeutic.. The two work by combining to not only lessen the effects of the drug on the body, but also for the person to relearn how to be independent and learn to better regulate their own emotions and behaviors. , thus avoiding relapses and better bringing the initial discomfort of abstinence.
As for medical treatment, the initial phase of treatment is particularly important, In which the patient’s body eliminates the remnants of drugs stored in the blood and tissues, and prevents the person from falling into harmful behaviors in order to alleviate this discomfort of the first days. Psychiatric support will continue throughout the process, providing professional support in the face of the challenge of living without continuing to use and offering tools to deal with any anxiety that may arise from it.
Psychotherapy also helps the person know how to deal with negative emotions. linked to drug withdrawal, but beyond that, it allows the patient to learn to find new sources of motivation, effective means to detect in time the thoughts and behaviors that may predispose him to a relapse, and ways of relating – drugs. To do this, he uses a wide variety of techniques and strategies, such as mindfulness, the use of self-recordings, etc.
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If you are looking for treatment for an addiction problem, please contact our team. Fr Plow light we have both a full team of medical and psychotherapy professionals and full facilities for outpatient or residential treatment.
- American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
- Goldstein, RA; DesLauriers, C., Burda, AM (2009). Cocaine: history, social implications, and toxicity: a review. Disease-A-Month, 55 (1): pages 6-38.
- National Collaborating Center for Mental Health (2008). Substance abuse: psychosocial interventions. Leicester: British Psychological Society; NICE Clinical Guidelines, no. 51.