Although addictions are a serious problem, not all are presented the same.. There are clear differences organically if you are addicted to a substance, like nicotine or cocaine, than if you are a certain behavior, like shopping or gambling.
And is gambling addiction, also known as gambling addiction, a problem that can manifest itself in subtle ways, either because society does not have enough sensitivity to the problem or because at the popular level you have a bad idea.
While talking about specific types of gambling is a bit complicated, it is possible to talk about the types of gamblers and the risks of the disorder, and in this article we will focus on that.
What do we mean by pathological gambling?
Pathological gambling, also known as gambling addiction, is an impulse control disorder, causing those who suffer from it to feel a strong urge to bet on the game, Without being able to control himself. The bets, which can be very large, cause financial problems for the person, asking them for loans that they will hardly ever be able to repay.
Gambling becomes addictive behavior, similar to the consumption of tobacco, alcohol, or high-calorie foods. Addiction causes pathological gamblers to run out of control, completely losing the ability to stop their behavior.
In the long run, people who are in the immediate environment of the affected person become aware of the problem, and they are usually the ones who seek help and stop losing money. Faced with this, it is more common for the gaming player to deny having a problem, claiming that it is just a bad streak and that he will ultimately manage to earn what he needs to pay what he owes.
Types of gambling (and its symptoms)
As with all psychological disorders, there are as many types of gambling as there are types of people, Showing symptoms closely related to the personality traits of the individual. However, it is true that there are profiles of gamers who are more likely to suffer from this impulse control disorder than others.
Then, we will see all the types of players that there are, what is their risk of suffering from a gambling addiction and, above all, what is the specific profile of what is considered a pathological player academically speaking.
1. Professional player
This type of player is characterized by making the game something that is part of his life., As if it was a profession. One way or another, they have developed effective strategies for making a profit from gambling.
The professional player is someone who has a high tolerance for frustration, patience, intelligence and self-control. He acts in a very thoughtful manner to make sure that they don’t throw their profits to the ground.
Although gambling is a very common thing in your life, this gamer profile usually does not have the characteristics of a gamer, as people with addictions often act impulsively and irrational.
2. Occasional social player
It is he who devotes time to a game of chance on a very punctual basis, simply to have fun with other people., While enjoying the activity.
This type of person would be someone who wants to spend the afternoon playing poker with friends at work, or playing slots for a while while waiting for them to bring him what he asked for. at the bar.
It is played to pass the time, relieve stress and socialize, so as not to make big profits.
The most notable characteristics of this player profile are that his self-esteem is not influenced by the outcome of betting, he considers other aspects of life to be much more important and that wins and losses are usually moderate.
3. Serious social actor
Unlike the previous player profile, the serious social gamer devotes several hours to the game not as entertainment, but rather as a mechanism for dealing with everyday problems and the stress they generate.
The serious social gamer invests a considerable amount of money and a large part of their free time in gambling, which can lead to family, social and professional problems.
This profile, although not considered pathological in itself, is likely to evolve into a real addiction to gambling.
4. Player with escape-relief strategy
In most of the cases, addictions appear to be an ineffective mechanism for dealing with emotional problems or filling a sentimental void.
Players with an escape-relief strategy use the game in the same way as serious social players, but with the distinction that gambling is the only mechanism they know of for dealing with depression, anxiety and to stress.
This type of profile, which acts impulsively, is characterized by a tendency to almost never win. Indeed, when they play, they are in an emotional state too intense to be able to think rationally.
Their ability to judge and make decisions is greatly reduced by the strong emotionality they experience, having a tendency to bet large amounts and without thinking about the possible consequences.
Losing a lot of money is something that in the long run contributes to increasing negative emotions, especially stress and depression. So this profile is the type that can develop into a gambling addiction.
5. Conservative player
This profile is a bit weird because, if there is a risk that it will escalate into a problematic situation, the truth is that in the case of the conservative player, he will play more for the experience than to make money.
Whether it’s out of curiosity or because they just want to feel the excitement of being able to win something, these players dive into the gaming world just to see what’s going on.
Really, it’s very rare that a person with this profile ends up being a manual gamer.
6. Antisocial gamer
Antisocial player receives this name due to entering illegal land, Such as captured bets, rolls of dice, cockfight or any other event involving crime.
The antisocial gamer has a clear intention of making a lot of money anyway, even if it means hurting others, lying, cheating, stealing, or hurting others.
While their relationship to gambling shouldn’t be something pathological in and of itself, the antisocial gamer can manifest personality traits and other vital aspects that need to be addressed in psychotherapy.
7. Compulsive gambler
Problem gamblers put their whole lives on hold and are controlled by gambling and the urge to make money. This is the clearest profile of a person with a gambling addiction, or, if not yet, at enormous risk of developing it.
Many of them will not want to admit that gambling has come to control, this is a first symptom that you are dealing with a true gambling addiction.
In addition to spending too much time playing, those who are aware of the problem may try to leave it on their own, without success. They also set a monetary limit that should not be exceeded, but they almost never meet it and end up exceeding it.
They are carried away by emotions and, whether it is in the face of a defeat or a victory, the desire to continue playing increases.
Despite the financial problems associated with the loss of large sums of money, as well as family tensions and interference in professional life, he does not stop behaving.
They constantly live in player error, superstitious thinking, believing that any losses that have occurred increase the odds of winning in the next game or the next game.
- American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
- Black, D .; Shaw, M. (2008). Psychiatric comorbidity associated with pathological gambling. Psychiatric time. 25 (12).