The legalization of marijuana in Mexico and its effects

Cannabis is the most widely used illegal drug by the younger population. Although it is a substance considered illegal, in many countries it is allowed to possess a small amount for one’s own consumption or for medicinal purposes, or for consumption in certain clubs and regulated associations. .

Some countries have decided to legalize cannabis, while others are in the process of doing so for different reasons. In this article, we will look at one of these cases, in particular the legalization of marijuana in Mexico.

    Cannabis and Marijuana

    Cannabis is a substance derived from one of the different varieties of the cannabis plant, being the most common and well-known of cannabis sativa.

    This substance has a psychoactive effect, producing alterations in the functionality of the nervous system and modifying its biochemistry. More precisely, it belongs to the group of psychodyseptics or disruptors, which have an effect on the modification of the activity of the brain and can produce disturbances of perception.

    The most common form of cannabis is marijuana, the product resulting from the chopping of the leaves and stems of the plant. It is usually eaten smoked, sprinkled in food, or as an infusion.

    Cannabis, both in its form of marijuana and in other presentations, usually initially produces a feeling of well-being and euphoria and later produces a state of relaxation which is even able to reduce the level of pain. of a person, having an analgesic effect. It also affects motor skills and the digestive system, facilitating hunger, making vomiting difficult, and helping to prevent tremors and seizures.

    All these properties have been doing it since antiquity used medicinally for the treatment of many diseases, While today, most of its consumers use it for recreational purposes. This has caused different countries to react differently to its use in various areas, from allowing its use to sanctioning and banning it.

    The situation in Mexico

    Mexico’s position is on the use of cannabis and marijuana he traditionally opposed its use. Thus, cannabis was a prohibited substance, sanctioning its possession beyond five grams and its application in various fields, including its therapeutic use.

    However, recently the country is experiencing a change from this point of view. Last year, Mexican President Enrique Peña proposed to the Senate an initiative to reform the general law on health in which he proposed acceptance of the therapeutic use of marijuana.

    This change was proposed from the perspective of the need to move from a ban and criminalization, which ultimately leaves the use of cannabis in the hands of organized crime and a market that flourishes without control, to a situation which seeks to regularize the situation of this substance and can serve as a mechanism of prevention and control.

    At least at the beginning, it is proposed that legal access be made from authorized pharmacies who would be allowed to import drugs manufactured on this basis.

    Reasons given for legalization

    The proposed initiative was based and arose from the reflection on multiple aspects, some of which are reported below.

    Medical benefits of drugs based on this substance

    The therapeutic use of marijuana has been shown to be very effective in reducing the symptoms of various disorders.

    In some cases where the judges have authorized its use, they have allowed the reduction of seizures in subjects with epilepsy, severe tremors in Parkinson’s or pain from various diseases such as cancer. About forty disorders could benefit from this type of treatment.

    However, its effectiveness as a medicine has not yet been conclusively demonstrated, as it is necessary to strike a balance between possible positive effects and unwanted side effects, which is complicated because consumption of this plant has been associated with an increased risk of psychosis. outbreaks.

    Failure of the Supreme Court of Justice in favor of the Tolerant and Responsible Mexican Self-Consumption Society (SMART)

    In some cases the justice system has failed in favor of the medicinal and even recreational use of cannabis, As happened when the Supreme Court authorized its use at the SMART association.

    Social insecurity due to organized crime around drug trafficking

    Mexico has played for years in a bitter fight against organized crime and drug trafficking, a large number of crimes and deaths and the existence of a high level of insecurity for its population.

    Approval of this proposal would serve to legalize the use and improve control of a conflicting item, thereby diminishing the power of those who traffic that substance.

    Changes in neighboring countries

    The different regions adjacent to the Central American country have developed various policies that affect the country’s situation and the fight against drug trafficking.

    For example, in the United States, the states of Colorado, Washington and California have passed laws that allow the recreational use of marijuana. This forces Mexico to react with similar policiesOr, if not, the power of the various drug cartels could increase by having more possibilities of trafficking with neighboring countries.

    Proposed legislative changes

    The proposed initiative included a number of legislative changes that would allow the clinical use of marijuana. Specifically, the following stand out.

    First, the heart of the proposal was to enable the therapeutic and scientific use of marijuana. To this end, it is planned to authorize research on marijuana and its active ingredients.

    A second point to note is authorization of the use of drugs based on marijuana and its active ingredientsWhether imported or in the future, the drugs produced and marketed are produced in the country.

    Finally, it is planned to extend up to 28 grams up to the limit in terms of quantity authorized to possess, having this retroactive change so that it is given to convicts imprisoned for goods greater than the original 5g.

    This latest change aims to stop continued use, which affects recreational use of the substance.

    final result

    The vote in the Senate would result in 98 votes for and 7 against the proposal to authorize the medical and scientific use of cannabis.

    However, other proposals such as increasing the permitted quantity to 28 grams and the possibility of legalizing self-cultivation have been postponed until a more complete analysis can be made as to its possible effects.

    Leave a Comment