When we talk about drug addiction, we immediately think of alcohol or hard drugs, but in reality there is a wide range in terms of this type of disorder and also of addictive behaviors.
As the saying goes, addiction manifests itself in very different forms, not just as substances consumed.
What kinds of addictions can we find?
We think it should be emphasized before entering this section that drug addiction is recognized as a disease by the World Health Organization. In fact, this institution recognizes it as a mental illness, just like other disorders like Alzheimer’s disease or schizophrenia. In addition, it also places it at the level of chronic diseases such as cancer.
Characteristics of addiction are mainly the following:
- Loss of ability not to consume.
- Not being able to control the impulses.
- Uncontrolled desire to consume.
- Dysfunction of emotional responses arising from interpersonal relationships.
So there you are basically three groups of addictions that we can recognize: substances, behaviors (not substances) and emotions. In this article we will talk about the first group.
Addiction to more common substances
As they say, the most common and well-known addictions are those aimed at the consumption of different substances. They are as follows.
1. Alcohol consumption
One of the main problems with alcoholism is that alcohol consumption is legalIt is therefore easy to access. However, it is very important to know that ingesting these drinks can have very serious health effects.
One of the consequences of this addiction is dangerous and risky behavior on the part of the addict. On the other hand, one of the difficulties that the drug addict has to face is that he is very accepted socially, and often many think it is just social behavior, when in fact it is a very dangerous substance.
The effects of alcohol are noticeable at the physical and psycho-cognitive level, as they generate effects such as hangovers and discomfort as well as emotional instability, a significant decrease in the ability to react and greater aggression of the person.
2. Tobacco addiction
Did you know that nicotine is the cause of addiction? As in the previous case, this is a legal substance, although the damage it causes is better known..
Nicotine dramatically alters the way the brain works, and that is why addiction occurs. It is important to know that smoking causes many respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.
3. Addiction to pills
While getting them isn’t as easy as getting a bottle of booze, there are so many people who are addicted to pills.
It is very important to consider that each pill is different and has very different effects depending on its type and the amount consumed.
The greatest danger that exists in the consumption of pills is that the tolerance towards them is very fast, therefore each time the addict has to take more and more to get the effect he intends to achieve with his consumption.
4. Cannabis addiction
How many times have you been told that nothing happens when you smoke a leek? Have you been told that the only thing that happens is that you are happier? Well the truth is there is so much more behind cannabis.
Although it is an illegal substance, cannabis is one of the most popular among consumers because it is relatively easy to access, and you can even buy plants and grow them as a private individual.
There are many misconceptions about cannabis, the most common being that the provenance of a plant is natural and therefore has no negative consequences. The truth is that this has important consequences for the health of the consumer. In fact, it affects the cognitive level, as it causes deterioration in intelligence, memory, and fluency of speech. In addition, it is also associated with mental disorders, such as schizophrenia.
Addiction must be treated properly
Addiction is something that requires specialized and personalized treatment in each specific case. It is important to know the addict and his situation well, and to act on this basis.
Drug addiction treatment involves the use of different stages in which different aspects are worked on, such as the complete elimination of consumption or the patient’s self-awareness.